CultureTypes CultureTypes CultureTypes CultureTypes Enum

Definition

Defines the types of culture lists that can be retrieved using the GetCultures(CultureTypes) method.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

public enum class CultureTypes
[System.Flags]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[Serializable]
public enum CultureTypes
type CultureTypes = 
Public Enum CultureTypes
Inheritance
Attributes
FlagsAttribute ComVisibleAttribute SerializableAttribute

Fields

AllCultures AllCultures AllCultures AllCultures 7

All cultures that ship with the .NET Framework, including neutral and specific cultures, cultures installed in the Windows operating system, and custom cultures created by the user.
AllCultures is a composite field that includes the NeutralCultures, SpecificCultures, and InstalledWin32Cultures values.

FrameworkCultures FrameworkCultures FrameworkCultures FrameworkCultures 64

This member is deprecated; using this value with GetCultures(CultureTypes) returns neutral and specific cultures shipped with the .NET Framework 2.0.

InstalledWin32Cultures InstalledWin32Cultures InstalledWin32Cultures InstalledWin32Cultures 4

All cultures that are installed in the Windows operating system. Note that not all cultures supported by the .NET Framework are installed in the operating system.

NeutralCultures NeutralCultures NeutralCultures NeutralCultures 1

Cultures that are associated with a language but are not specific to a country/region. The names of .NET Framework cultures consist of the lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1. For example: "en" (English) is a neutral culture.

ReplacementCultures ReplacementCultures ReplacementCultures ReplacementCultures 16

Custom cultures created by the user that replace cultures shipped with the .NET Framework.

SpecificCultures SpecificCultures SpecificCultures SpecificCultures 2

Cultures that are specific to a country/region. The names of these cultures follow RFC 4646 (Windows Vista and later). The format is "<languagecode2>-<country/regioncode2>", where <languagecode2> is a lowercase two-letter code derived from ISO 639-1 and <country/regioncode2> is an uppercase two-letter code derived from ISO 3166. For example, "en-US" for English (United States) is a specific culture.

UserCustomCulture UserCustomCulture UserCustomCulture UserCustomCulture 8

Custom cultures created by the user.

WindowsOnlyCultures WindowsOnlyCultures WindowsOnlyCultures WindowsOnlyCultures 32

This member is deprecated. If it is used as an argument to the GetCultures(CultureTypes) method, the method returns an empty array.

Examples

The following example demonstrates the AllCultures enumeration and the CultureTypes property.

// This example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration 
// and the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
    // Create a table of most culture types. 
    array<CultureTypes>^ mostCultureTypes = gcnew array<CultureTypes> {
                    CultureTypes::NeutralCultures, 
                    CultureTypes::SpecificCultures, 
                    CultureTypes::InstalledWin32Cultures, 
                    CultureTypes::UserCustomCulture, 
                    CultureTypes::ReplacementCultures, 
                    CultureTypes::FrameworkCultures,
                    CultureTypes::WindowsOnlyCultures
                    };
    CultureTypes combo;

    // Get and enumerate all cultures.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ enum0 = CultureInfo::GetCultures(CultureTypes::AllCultures)->GetEnumerator();
    while (enum0->MoveNext())
    {
        // Display the name of each culture.
        CultureInfo^ ci = safe_cast<CultureInfo^>(enum0->Current);
        Console::WriteLine("Culture: {0}", ci->Name);

        // Get the culture types of each culture. 
        combo = ci->CultureTypes;

        // Display the name of each culture type flag that is set.
        Console::Write("  ");
        for each (CultureTypes ct in mostCultureTypes)
            if ((ct & combo) != CultureTypes())
                Console::Write("{0} ", ct);
        Console::WriteLine();
    }
}

/*
The following is a portion of the results produced by this code example.
.
.
.
Culture: tg
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl-TJ
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr-SY
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
.
.
.
*/
// This example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration 
// and the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a table of most culture types. 
        CultureTypes[] mostCultureTypes = new CultureTypes[] {
                        CultureTypes.NeutralCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.SpecificCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.InstalledWin32Cultures, 
                        CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture, 
                        CultureTypes.ReplacementCultures, 
                        CultureTypes.FrameworkCultures,
                        CultureTypes.WindowsOnlyCultures
                        };
        CultureInfo[] allCultures;
        CultureTypes combo;

        // Get and enumerate all cultures.
        allCultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.AllCultures);
        foreach (CultureInfo ci in allCultures)
        {
            // Display the name of each culture.
            Console.WriteLine("Culture: {0}", ci.Name);

            // Get the culture types of each culture. 
            combo = ci.CultureTypes;

            // Display the name of each culture type flag that is set.
            Console.Write("  ");
            foreach (CultureTypes ct in mostCultureTypes)
                if (0 != (ct & combo))
                    Console.Write("{0} ", ct);
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}

/*
The following is a portion of the results produced by this code example.
.
.
.
Culture: tg
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl-TJ
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
Culture: ta-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: te-IN
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: syr-SY
  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
Culture: tg-Cyrl
  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
.
.
.
*/
' This example demonstrates the CultureTypes enumeration 
' and the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property.

Imports System
Imports System.Globalization

Module Module1
    Public Sub Main()

        ' Create a table of most culture types. 
        Dim mostCultureTypes() As CultureTypes = { _
                CultureTypes.NeutralCultures, _
                CultureTypes.SpecificCultures, _
                CultureTypes.InstalledWin32Cultures, _
                CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture, _
                CultureTypes.ReplacementCultures, _
                CultureTypes.FrameworkCultures, _
                CultureTypes.WindowsOnlyCultures}
        Dim allCultures() As CultureInfo
        Dim combo As CultureTypes

        ' Get and enumerate all cultures.
        allCultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.AllCultures)
        Dim ci As CultureInfo
        For Each ci In allCultures
            ' Display the name of each culture.
            Console.WriteLine("Culture: {0}", ci.Name)

            ' Get the culture types of each culture. 
            combo = ci.CultureTypes

            ' Display the name of each culture type flag that is set.
            Console.Write("  ")
            Dim ct As CultureTypes
            For Each ct In mostCultureTypes
                If 0 <> (ct And combo) Then
                    Console.Write("{0} ", ct)
                End If
            Next ct
            Console.WriteLine()
        Next ci

    End Sub 'Main 
End Module

'The following is a portion of the results produced by this code example.
'.
'.
'.
'Culture: tg
'  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
'Culture: ta
'  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: te
'  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: syr
'  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: tg-Cyrl-TJ
'  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
'Culture: ta-IN
'  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: te-IN
'  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: syr-SY
'  SpecificCultures InstalledWin32Cultures FrameworkCultures 
'Culture: tg-Cyrl
'  NeutralCultures InstalledWin32Cultures 
'.
'.
'.

The following example displays several properties of the neutral cultures.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
   Console::WriteLine( "CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME" );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ enum0 = CultureInfo::GetCultures( CultureTypes::NeutralCultures )->GetEnumerator();
   while ( enum0->MoveNext() )
   {
      CultureInfo^ ci = safe_cast<CultureInfo^>(enum0->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0,-7}", ci->Name );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->TwoLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-40}", ci->DisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0,-40}", ci->EnglishName );
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo
{

   public static void Main()
   {

      // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME");
      foreach (CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures))
      {
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName);
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName);
      }

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
Imports System
Imports System.Globalization

Module Module1

   Public Sub Main()

      ' Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME")
      Dim ci As CultureInfo
      For Each ci In CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures)
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName)
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName)
      Next ci

   End Sub 'Main 



'This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.
'
'CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
'ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
'bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
'ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
'zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
'cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
'da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
'de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
'el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
'en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
'es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
'fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
'zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
'zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
'zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
'zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

End Module

Remarks

These culture type values are returned by the CultureInfo.CultureTypes property, and also serve as a filter that limits the cultures returned by the CultureInfo.GetCultures method. For more information on cultures, see CultureInfo.

Generally, your application should enumerate all cultures, using the AllCultures value. This allows enumeration of custom cultures, as well as the other culture types.

Note that the FrameworkCultures and WindowsOnlyCultures members have been deprecated.

Applies to

See Also