File.GetAttributes(String) Method

Definition

Gets the FileAttributes of the file on the path.

public:
 static System::IO::FileAttributes GetAttributes(System::String ^ path);
public static System.IO.FileAttributes GetAttributes (string path);
static member GetAttributes : string -> System.IO.FileAttributes
Public Shared Function GetAttributes (path As String) As FileAttributes

Parameters

path
String

The path to the file.

Returns

The FileAttributes of the file on the path.

Exceptions

path is empty, contains only white spaces, or contains invalid characters.

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length.

path is in an invalid format.

path represents a file and is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive, or the file cannot be found.

path represents a directory and is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive, or the directory cannot be found.

This file is being used by another process.

The caller does not have the required permission.

Examples

The following example demonstrates the GetAttributes and SetAttributes methods by applying the Archive and Hidden attributes to a file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\temp\\MyTest.txt";
   
   // Create the file if it does not exist.
   if (  !File::Exists( path ) )
   {
      File::Create( path );
   }

   if ( (File::GetAttributes( path ) & FileAttributes::Hidden) == FileAttributes::Hidden )
   {
      
      // Show the file.
      File::SetAttributes(path, File::GetAttributes( path ) & ~FileAttributes::Hidden);
      Console::WriteLine( "The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path );
   }
   else
   {
      
      // Hide the file.
      File::SetAttributes( path, static_cast<FileAttributes>(File::GetAttributes( path ) | FileAttributes::Hidden) );
      Console::WriteLine( "The {0} file is now hidden.", path );
   }
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        // Create the file if it does not exist.
        if (!File.Exists(path)) 
        {
            File.Create(path);
        }

        FileAttributes attributes = File.GetAttributes(path);

        if ((attributes & FileAttributes.Hidden) == FileAttributes.Hidden)
        {
            // Show the file.
            attributes = RemoveAttribute(attributes, FileAttributes.Hidden);
            File.SetAttributes(path, attributes);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path);
        } 
        else 
        {
            // Hide the file.
            File.SetAttributes(path, File.GetAttributes(path) | FileAttributes.Hidden);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is now hidden.", path);
        }
    }

    private static FileAttributes RemoveAttribute(FileAttributes attributes, FileAttributes attributesToRemove)
    {
        return attributes & ~attributesToRemove;
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\temp\MyTest.txt"

        ' Create the file if it does not exist.
        If File.Exists(path) = False Then
            File.Create(path)
        End If

        Dim attributes As FileAttributes
        attributes = File.GetAttributes(path)

        If (attributes And FileAttributes.Hidden) = FileAttributes.Hidden Then
            ' Show the file.
            attributes = RemoveAttribute(attributes, FileAttributes.Hidden)
            File.SetAttributes(path, attributes)
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path)
        Else
            ' Hide the file.
            File.SetAttributes(path, File.GetAttributes(path) Or FileAttributes.Hidden)
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is now hidden.", path)
        End If
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function RemoveAttribute(ByVal attributes As FileAttributes, ByVal attributesToRemove As FileAttributes) As FileAttributes
        Return attributes And (Not attributesToRemove)
    End Function
End Class

Remarks

The path parameter is permitted to specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

Security

FileIOPermission
for reading files. Associated enumeration: Read

Applies to

See also