HttpListenerResponse.StatusCode Property

Definition

Gets or sets the HTTP status code to be returned to the client.

public:
 property int StatusCode { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int StatusCode { get; set; }
member this.StatusCode : int with get, set
Public Property StatusCode As Integer

Property Value

An Int32 value that specifies the HTTP status code for the requested resource. The default is OK, indicating that the server successfully processed the client's request and included the requested resource in the response body.

Exceptions

This object is closed.

The value specified for a set operation is not valid. Valid values are between 100 and 999 inclusive.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates setting the value of this property.


// When the client is not authenticated, there is no Identity.
if (context.User == null)
{
    message.Append ("<HTML><BODY><p> Hello local user! </p></BODY></HTML>");
}
else
{
    // Get the requester's identity.
    System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity identity = WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent();
    // Construct the response body.
    message.AppendFormat ("<HTML><BODY><p> Hello {0}!<br/>", 
        identity.Name);
    message.AppendFormat ("You were authenticated using {0}.</p>", 
        identity.AuthenticationType);
    message.Append ("</BODY></HTML>");
}

// Configure the response.
HttpListenerResponse response = context.Response;

// Use the encoding from the response if one has been set.
// Otherwise, use UTF8.
System.Text.Encoding encoding = response.ContentEncoding;
if (encoding == null)
{
    encoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
    response.ContentEncoding = encoding;
}
byte[] buffer = encoding.GetBytes (message.ToString ());
response.ContentLength64 = buffer.Length;
response.StatusCode = (int) HttpStatusCode.OK;
response.StatusDescription = "OK";
response.ProtocolVersion = new Version ("1.1");
// Don't keep the TCP connection alive; 
// We don't expect multiple requests from the same client.
response.KeepAlive = false;
// Write the response body.
System.IO.Stream stream = response.OutputStream;
stream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);

' When the client is not authenticated, there is no Identity.
If context.User Is Nothing Then
    message.Append("<HTML><BODY><p> Hello local user! </p></BODY></HTML>")
Else
    ' Get the requester's identity.
    Dim identity As System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity = WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent()
    ' Construct the response body.
    message.AppendFormat("<HTML><BODY><p> Hello {0}!<br/>", identity.Name)
    message.AppendFormat("You were authenticated using {0}.</p>", identity.AuthenticationType)
    message.Append("</BODY></HTML>")
End If

' Configure the response.
Dim response As HttpListenerResponse = context.Response

' Use the encoding from the response if one has been set.
' Otherwise, use UTF8.
Dim encoding As System.Text.Encoding = response.ContentEncoding
If encoding Is Nothing Then
    encoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8
    response.ContentEncoding = encoding
End If
Dim buffer() As Byte = encoding.GetBytes(message.ToString())
response.ContentLength64 = buffer.Length
response.StatusCode = CInt(HttpStatusCode.OK)
response.StatusDescription = "OK"
response.ProtocolVersion = New Version("1.1")
' Don't keep the TCP connection alive
' We don't expect multiple requests from the same client.
response.KeepAlive = False
' Write the response body.
Dim stream As System.IO.Stream = response.OutputStream
stream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)

Remarks

Clients use the status code returned by the server to decide how to proceed. A value of OK indicates that the server successfully processed the client's request and included the requested resource in the response body. Other common status codes include NotFound, indicating that the requested resource was not found on the server, and NotModified, indicating that it was unnecessary to return the requested resource in the response body because the client's cached copy of the resource is up-to-date.

For a complete list of possible status codes, see the HttpStatusCode enumeration.

Applies to

See also