Socket.ReceiveBufferSize Property

Definition

Gets or sets a value that specifies the size of the receive buffer of the Socket.

public:
 property int ReceiveBufferSize { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int ReceiveBufferSize { get; set; }
member this.ReceiveBufferSize : int with get, set
Public Property ReceiveBufferSize As Integer

Property Value

An Int32 that contains the size, in bytes, of the receive buffer. The default is 8192.

Exceptions

An error occurred when attempting to access the socket.

The Socket has been closed.

The value specified for a set operation is less than 0.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates the use of the ReceiveBufferSize property.

static void ConfigureTcpSocket(Socket^ tcpSocket)
{
     
    // Don't allow another socket to bind to this port.
    tcpSocket->ExclusiveAddressUse = true;
     
    // The socket will linger for 10 seconds after
    // Socket.Close is called.
    tcpSocket->LingerState = gcnew LingerOption(true, 10);
     
    // Disable the Nagle Algorithm for this tcp socket.
    tcpSocket->NoDelay = true;
     
    // Set the receive buffer size to 8k
    tcpSocket->ReceiveBufferSize = 8192;
     
    // Set the timeout for synchronous receive methods to
    // 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket->ReceiveTimeout = 1000;
     
    // Set the send buffer size to 8k.
    tcpSocket->SendBufferSize = 8192;
     
    // Set the timeout for synchronous send methods
    // to 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket->SendTimeout = 1000;
     
    // Set the Time To Live (TTL) to 42 router hops.
    tcpSocket->Ttl = 42;
    Console::WriteLine("Tcp Socket configured:");
    Console::WriteLine("  ExclusiveAddressUse {0}", 
        tcpSocket->ExclusiveAddressUse);
    Console::WriteLine("  LingerState {0}, {1}", 
        tcpSocket->LingerState->Enabled,
        tcpSocket->LingerState->LingerTime);
    Console::WriteLine("  NoDelay {0}",
        tcpSocket->NoDelay);
    Console::WriteLine("  ReceiveBufferSize {0}", 
        tcpSocket->ReceiveBufferSize);
    Console::WriteLine("  ReceiveTimeout {0}",
        tcpSocket->ReceiveTimeout);
    Console::WriteLine("  SendBufferSize {0}",
        tcpSocket->SendBufferSize);
    Console::WriteLine("  SendTimeout {0}",
        tcpSocket->SendTimeout);
    Console::WriteLine("  Ttl {0}",
        tcpSocket->Ttl);
    Console::WriteLine("  IsBound {0}",
        tcpSocket->IsBound);
    Console::WriteLine("");
}
static void ConfigureTcpSocket(Socket tcpSocket)
{
    // Don't allow another socket to bind to this port.
    tcpSocket.ExclusiveAddressUse = true;

    // The socket will linger for 10 seconds after
    // Socket.Close is called.
    tcpSocket.LingerState = new LingerOption (true, 10);

    // Disable the Nagle Algorithm for this tcp socket.
    tcpSocket.NoDelay = true;

    // Set the receive buffer size to 8k
    tcpSocket.ReceiveBufferSize = 8192;

    // Set the timeout for synchronous receive methods to
    // 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket.ReceiveTimeout = 1000;

    // Set the send buffer size to 8k.
    tcpSocket.SendBufferSize = 8192;

    // Set the timeout for synchronous send methods
    // to 1 second (1000 milliseconds.)
    tcpSocket.SendTimeout = 1000;

    // Set the Time To Live (TTL) to 42 router hops.
    tcpSocket.Ttl = 42;

    Console.WriteLine("Tcp Socket configured:");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ExclusiveAddressUse {tcpSocket.ExclusiveAddressUse}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  LingerState {tcpSocket.LingerState.Enabled}, {tcpSocket.LingerState.LingerTime}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  NoDelay {tcpSocket.NoDelay}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ReceiveBufferSize {tcpSocket.ReceiveBufferSize}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  ReceiveTimeout {tcpSocket.ReceiveTimeout}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  SendBufferSize {tcpSocket.SendBufferSize}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  SendTimeout {tcpSocket.SendTimeout}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  Ttl {tcpSocket.Ttl}");

    Console.WriteLine($"  IsBound {tcpSocket.IsBound}");

    Console.WriteLine("");
}

Remarks

A larger buffer size potentially reduces the number of empty acknowledgements (TCP packets with no data portion), but might also delay the recognition of connection difficulties. Consider increasing the buffer size if you are transferring large files, or you are using a high bandwidth, high latency connection (such as a satellite broadband provider.)

Applies to