FieldInfo.GetValue(Object) FieldInfo.GetValue(Object) FieldInfo.GetValue(Object) FieldInfo.GetValue(Object) Method

Definition

When overridden in a derived class, returns the value of a field supported by a given object.

public:
 abstract System::Object ^ GetValue(System::Object ^ obj);
public abstract object GetValue (object obj);
abstract member GetValue : obj -> obj
Public MustOverride Function GetValue (obj As Object) As Object

Parameters

obj
Object Object Object Object

The object whose field value will be returned.

Returns

An object containing the value of the field reflected by this instance.

Implements

Exceptions

In the .NET for Windows Store apps or the Portable Class Library, catch Exception instead.

The field is non-static and obj is null.

A field is marked literal, but the field does not have one of the accepted literal types.

In the .NET for Windows Store apps or the Portable Class Library, catch the base class exception, MemberAccessException, instead.

The caller does not have permission to access this field.

The method is neither declared nor inherited by the class of obj.

Examples

The following example uses the GetValue method to retrieve the value of a static field. Note that the value of the obj argument is null.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

ref class Example
{
  public:
     static String^ val = "test";
};

int main()
{
   FieldInfo^ fld = Example::typeid->GetField( "val" );
   Console::WriteLine(fld->GetValue(nullptr) );
   Example::val = "hi";
   Console::WriteLine(fld->GetValue(nullptr) );
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     test
//     hi
using System;
using System.Reflection;

class Example
{
    public static String val = "test";
    
    public static void Main()
    {
        FieldInfo fld = typeof(Example).GetField("val");
        Console.WriteLine(fld.GetValue(null));
        val = "hi";
        Console.WriteLine(fld.GetValue(null));
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     test
//     hi
Imports System.Reflection

Class Example
    Public Shared val As String = "test"
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim fld As FieldInfo = GetType(Example).GetField("val")
        Console.WriteLine(fld.GetValue(Nothing))
        val = "hi"
        Console.WriteLine(fld.GetValue(Nothing))
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'     test
'     hi

The following example retrieves an array of FieldInfo objects that represents the fields of the FieldsClass type, and then calls the GetValue to display the value of each field for the fieldsInst object.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class FieldsClass
{
  public:
     String^ fieldA;
     String^ fieldB;

     FieldsClass()
     {
        fieldA = "A public field";
        fieldB = "Another public field";
     }
};

int main()
{
   FieldsClass^ fieldsInst = gcnew FieldsClass;
   
   // Get the type of FieldsClass.
   Type^ fieldsType = FieldsClass::typeid;

   // Get the FieldInfo of FieldsClass.
   array<FieldInfo^>^ fields = fieldsType->GetFields(static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance));

   // Display the values of the fields.
   Console::WriteLine("Displaying the values of the fields of {0}:", fieldsType);
   for (int i = 0; i < fields->Length; i++)
   {
      Console::WriteLine("   {0}:\t'{1}'", 
                         fields[i]->Name, fields[i]->GetValue(fieldsInst));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Displaying the values of the fields of FieldsClass:
//        fieldA:      'A public field'
//        fieldB:      'Another public field'
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class FieldsClass
{
    public string fieldA;
    public string fieldB;
     
    public FieldsClass()
    {
        fieldA = "A public field";
        fieldB = "Another public field";
    }
}

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        FieldsClass fieldsInst = new FieldsClass();
        // Get the type of FieldsClass.
        Type fieldsType = typeof(FieldsClass);

        // Get an array of FieldInfo objects.
        FieldInfo[] fields = fieldsType.GetFields(BindingFlags.Public 
            | BindingFlags.Instance);
        // Display the values of the fields.
        Console.WriteLine("Displaying the values of the fields of {0}:",
            fieldsType);
        for(int i = 0; i < fields.Length; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}:\t'{1}'",
                fields[i].Name, fields[i].GetValue(fieldsInst));
        }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Displaying the values of the fields of FieldsClass:
//        fieldA:      'A public field'
//        fieldB:      'Another public field'
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class FieldsClass
    Public fieldA As String
    Public fieldB As String

    Public Sub New()
        fieldA = "A public field"
        fieldB = "Another public field"
    End Sub 
End Class 

Public Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        Dim fieldsInst As New FieldsClass()
        ' Get the type of FieldsClass.
        Dim fieldsType As Type = GetType(FieldsClass)

        ' Get an array of FieldInfo objects.
        Dim fields As FieldInfo() = fieldsType.GetFields(BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance)
        ' Display the values of the fields.
        Console.WriteLine("Displaying the values of the fields of {0}:", fieldsType)
        For i As Integer = 0 To fields.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}:{2}'{1}'",
                fields(i).Name, fields(i).GetValue(fieldsInst), vbTab)
        Next 
    End Sub 
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Displaying the values of the fields of FieldsClass:
'        fieldA:      'A public field'
'        fieldB:      'Another public field'

Remarks

If the field is static, obj is ignored. For non-static fields, obj should be an instance of a class that inherits or declares the field. Note that the return type of GetValue is Object. For example, if the field holds a Boolean primitive value, an instance of Object with the appropriate Boolean value is returned. Before returning the value, GetValue checks to see if the user has access permission.

Note

Access restrictions are ignored for fully trusted code. That is, private constructors, methods, fields, and properties can be accessed and invoked through reflection whenever the code is fully trusted.

Note

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0 Service Pack 1, this method can be used to access non-public members if the caller has been granted ReflectionPermission with the ReflectionPermissionFlag.RestrictedMemberAccess flag and if the grant set of the non-public members is restricted to the caller's grant set, or a subset thereof. (See Security Considerations for Reflection.)

To use this functionality, your application should target the .NET Framework 3.5 or later.

Security

ReflectionPermission
when invoked late-bound through mechanisms such as InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]). Associated enumeration: MemberAccess.

Applies to

See also