MailMessage MailMessage MailMessage MailMessage Class

Definition

Warning

This API is now obsolete.

Provides properties and methods for constructing an email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

public ref class MailMessage
[System.Obsolete("The recommended alternative is System.Net.Mail.MailMessage. http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=14202")]
public class MailMessage
type MailMessage = class
Public Class MailMessage
Inheritance
MailMessageMailMessageMailMessageMailMessage
Attributes

Examples

The following example shows how to use the MailMessage class.

Important

This control has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%-- 
This example shows how to send a mail message from a Web Forms page
using the classes in the System.Web.Mail namespace.
--%>

<%@ IMPORT namespace="System.Web.Mail" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script language="C#" runat="server">
  void Page_Load()
  {
     if (!IsPostBack)
     {
        txtTo.Text="john@contoso.com";
        txtFrom.Text="marsha@contoso.com";
        txtCc.Text="fred@contoso.com";
        txtBcc.Text="wilma@contoso.com";
        txtSubject.Text="Hello";
        txtBody.Text="This is a test message.";
        txtAttach.Text=@"C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Sunset.jpg,"
           + @"C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Winter.jpg";
    txtBodyEncoding.Text = Encoding.ASCII.EncodingName;
    txtBodyFormat.Text="HTML";
    txtPriority.Text="Normal";
    txtUrlContentBase.Text="http://www.contoso.com/images";
    txtUrlContentLocation.Text="http://www.contoso.com/images";
        // Name of relay mail server in your domain.
    txtMailServer.Text="smarthost";
     }
  }

  void btnSubmit_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
     string sTo, sFrom, sSubject, sBody;
     string sAttach, sCc, sBcc, sBodyEncoding;
     string sBodyFormat, sMailServer, sPriority;
     string sUrlContentBase, sUrlContentLocation;
 int iLoop1;

 sTo = txtTo.Text.Trim();
 sFrom = txtFrom.Text.Trim();
 sSubject = txtSubject.Text.Trim();
 sBody = txtBody.Text.Trim();
 sAttach = txtAttach.Text.Trim();
 sCc = txtCc.Text.Trim();
 sBcc = txtBcc.Text.Trim();
 sBodyFormat = txtBodyFormat.Text.Trim();
 sBodyEncoding = txtBodyEncoding.Text.Trim();
 sPriority = txtPriority.Text.Trim();
 sUrlContentBase = txtUrlContentBase.Text.Trim();
 sUrlContentLocation = txtUrlContentLocation.Text.Trim();
 sMailServer = txtMailServer.Text.Trim();

 MailMessage MyMail = new MailMessage();
 MyMail.From = sFrom;
 MyMail.To = sTo;
 MyMail.Subject = sSubject;
 MyMail.Body = sBody;
 MyMail.Cc = sCc;
 MyMail.Bcc = sBcc;
 MyMail.UrlContentBase = sUrlContentBase;
 MyMail.UrlContentLocation = sUrlContentLocation;

     if (txtBodyEncoding.Text == Encoding.UTF7.EncodingName)
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF7;
     else if (txtBodyEncoding.Text == Encoding.UTF8.EncodingName)
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF8;
     else
        MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.ASCII;

 switch (sBodyFormat.ToUpper())
     {
        case "HTML": 
           MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Html;
           break;
        default: 
           MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Text;
           break;
     }
     
     switch (sPriority.ToUpper())
     {
        case "HIGH": 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.High;
           break;
        case "LOW": 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Low;
           break;
        default: 
           MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Normal;
           break;
     }
     
     // Build an IList of mail attachments.
     if (sAttach != "")
     {
        char[] delim = new char[] {','};
        foreach (string sSubstr in sAttach.Split(delim))
        {
           MailAttachment MyAttachment = new MailAttachment(sSubstr);
           MyMail.Attachments.Add(MyAttachment);
        }
     }
 
     SmtpMail.SmtpServer = sMailServer;
 SmtpMail.Send(MyMail);
 lblMsg1.Text="C# Message sent to " + MyMail.To;
  }

  void btnClear_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
     lblMsg1.Text="";
     txtTo.Text="";
     txtFrom.Text="";
     txtSubject.Text="";
     txtBody.Text="";
     txtAttach.Text="";
     txtBcc.Text="";
     txtCc.Text="";
 txtBodyEncoding.Text="";
 txtBodyFormat.Text="";
 txtPriority.Text="";
 txtUrlContentBase.Text="";
 txtUrlContentLocation.Text="";
 txtMailServer.Text="";
     btnSubmit.Text="Submit";
  }
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>Mail Form Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <h4>Send a new mail message:</h4>
   <form id="form1" method="Post" action="MailForm.aspx" runat="server">
      <table style="width:350; background-color:#FFFF99">
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>To:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtTo" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>From:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtFrom" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Subject:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtSubject" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>MessageBody:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBody" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Attachments:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtAttach" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>CC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBcc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BCC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtCc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyEncoding:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyEncoding" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyFormat:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyFormat" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Priority:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtPriority" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Base:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentBase" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Location:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentLocation" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Mail Server:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtMailServer" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
      </table><br />

      <asp:button id="btnSubmit" Text="Submit" OnClick="btnSubmit_Click" runat="server"/>
      <asp:button id="btnClear" Text="Clear" OnClick="btnClear_Click" runat="server"/>
      <p><asp:Label id="lblMsg1" runat="server"/></p>
   </form>
   </body>
</html>
<%-- 
This example shows how to send a mail message from a Web Forms page 
using the classes in the System.Web.Mail namespace.
--%>

<%@ IMPORT namespace="System.Web.Mail" %>


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script language="VB" runat="server">
    Sub Page_Load()
        If Not IsPostBack Then
            lblMsg1.Text = ""
            txtTo.Text = "john@contoso.com"
            txtFrom.Text = "marsha@contoso.com"
            txtCc.Text = "fred@contoso.com"
            txtBcc.Text = "wilma@contoso.com"
            txtSubject.Text = "Hello"
            txtBody.Text = "This is a test message."
            txtAttach.Text = "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Sunset.jpg," _
               & "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Documents\My Pictures\Sample Pictures\Winter.jpg"
            txtBodyEncoding.Text = Encoding.ASCII.EncodingName
            txtBodyFormat.Text = "HTML"
            txtPriority.Text = "Normal"
            txtUrlContentBase.Text = "http://www.contoso.com/images"
            txtUrlContentLocation.Text = "http://www.contoso.com/images"
            ' Name of relay mail server in your domain.
            txtMailServer.Text = "smarthost" '
        End If
    End Sub

    Sub btnSubmit_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim sTo As String, sFrom As String, sSubject As String, sBody As String
        Dim sAttach As String, sCc As String, sBcc As String, sBodyEncoding As String
        Dim sBodyFormat As String, sMailServer As String, sPriority As String
        Dim sUrlContentBase As String, sUrlContentLocation As String
        Dim iLoop1 As Integer

        sTo = Trim(txtTo.Text)
        sFrom = Trim(txtFrom.Text)
        sSubject = Trim(txtSubject.Text)
        sBody = Trim(txtBody.Text)
        sAttach = Trim(txtAttach.Text)
        sCc = Trim(txtCc.Text)
        sBcc = Trim(txtBcc.Text)
        sBodyFormat = Trim(txtBodyFormat.Text)
        sBodyEncoding = Trim(txtBodyEncoding.Text)
        sPriority = Trim(txtPriority.Text)
        sUrlContentBase = Trim(txtUrlContentBase.Text)
        sUrlContentLocation = Trim(txtUrlContentLocation.Text)
        sMailServer = Trim(txtMailServer.Text)

        Dim MyMail As MailMessage = New MailMessage()
        MyMail.From = sFrom
        MyMail.To = sTo
        MyMail.Subject = sSubject
        MyMail.Body = sBody
        MyMail.Cc = sCc
        MyMail.Bcc = sBcc
        MyMail.UrlContentBase = sUrlContentBase
        MyMail.UrlContentLocation = sUrlContentLocation

        Select Case txtBodyEncoding.Text
            Case Encoding.UTF7.EncodingName : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF7
            Case Encoding.UTF8.EncodingName : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.UTF8
            Case Else : MyMail.BodyEncoding = Encoding.ASCII
        End Select

        Select Case UCase(sBodyFormat)
            Case "HTML" : MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Html
            Case Else : MyMail.BodyFormat = MailFormat.Text
        End Select
     
        Select Case UCase(sPriority)
            Case "HIGH" : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.High
            Case "LOW" : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Low
            Case Else : MyMail.Priority = MailPriority.Normal
        End Select
     
        ' Build an IList of mail attachments.
        If sAttach <> "" Then
            Dim delim As Char = ","
            Dim sSubstr As String
            For Each sSubstr In sAttach.Split(delim)
                Dim myAttachment As MailAttachment = New MailAttachment(sSubstr)
                MyMail.Attachments.Add(myAttachment)
            Next
        End If
 
        SmtpMail.SmtpServer = sMailServer
        SmtpMail.Send(MyMail)

        lblMsg1.Text = "VB Message sent to " & MyMail.To
    End Sub

    Sub btnClear_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        lblMsg1.Text = ""
        txtTo.Text = ""
        txtFrom.Text = ""
        txtSubject.Text = ""
        txtBody.Text = ""
        txtAttach.Text = ""
        txtBcc.Text = ""
        txtCc.Text = ""
        txtBodyEncoding.Text = ""
        txtBodyFormat.Text = ""
        txtPriority.Text = ""
        txtUrlContentBase.Text = ""
        txtUrlContentLocation.Text = ""
        txtMailServer.Text = ""
        btnSubmit.Text = "Submit"
    End Sub
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head>
    <title>Send a new mail message:</title>
</head>
    <body>
   <h4>Send a new mail message:</h4>
   <form id="form1" method="Post" action="MailForm.aspx" runat="server">
      <table style="width:350; background-color:#FFFF99">
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>To:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtTo" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>From:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtFrom" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Subject:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtSubject" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>MessageBody:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBody" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Attachments:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtAttach" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>CC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBcc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BCC:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtCc" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyEncoding:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyEncoding" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>BodyFormat:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtBodyFormat" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Priority:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtPriority" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Base:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentBase" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>URL Content Location:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtUrlContentLocation" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
         <tr>
            <td align="Right"><b>Mail Server:</b></td>
            <td><Asp:Textbox id="txtMailServer" runat="server"/></td>
         </tr>
      </table><br />

      <asp:button id="btnSubmit" Text="Submit" OnClick="btnSubmit_Click" runat="server"/>
      <asp:button id="btnClear" Text="Clear" OnClick="btnClear_Click" runat="server"/>
      <p><asp:Label id="lblMsg1" runat="server"/></p>
   </form>
   </body>
</html>

Constructors

MailMessage() MailMessage() MailMessage() MailMessage()

Initializes a new instance of the MailMessage class. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Properties

Attachments Attachments Attachments Attachments

Specifies the collection of attachments that are transmitted with the message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Bcc Bcc Bcc Bcc

Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of email addresses that receive a blind carbon copy (BCC) of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Body Body Body Body

Gets or sets the body of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

BodyEncoding BodyEncoding BodyEncoding BodyEncoding

Gets or sets the encoding type of the body of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

BodyFormat BodyFormat BodyFormat BodyFormat

Gets or sets the content type of the body of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Cc Cc Cc Cc

Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of email addresses that receive a carbon copy (CC) of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Fields Fields Fields Fields

Gets a collection of objects that map to Microsoft Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) fields. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

From From From From

Gets or sets the email address of the sender. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Headers Headers Headers Headers

Specifies the custom headers that are transmitted with the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Priority Priority Priority Priority

Gets or sets the priority of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Subject Subject Subject Subject

Gets or sets the subject line of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

To To To To

Gets or sets a semicolon-delimited list of recipient email addresses. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

UrlContentBase UrlContentBase UrlContentBase UrlContentBase

Gets or sets the Content-Base HTTP header, the URL base of all relative URLs used within the HTML-encoded body of the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

UrlContentLocation UrlContentLocation UrlContentLocation UrlContentLocation

Gets or sets the Content-Location HTTP header for the email message. Recommended alternative: System.Net.Mail.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to