Roles.IsUserInRole Roles.IsUserInRole Roles.IsUserInRole Roles.IsUserInRole Method

Definition

Gets a value indicating whether a user is in the specified role.

Overloads

IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String)

Gets a value indicating whether the currently logged-on user is in the specified role. The API is only intended to be called within the context of an ASP.NET request thread, and in that sanctioned use case it is thread-safe.

IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String)

Gets a value indicating whether the specified user is in the specified role. The API is only intended to be called within the context of an ASP.NET request thread, and in that sanctioned use case it is thread-safe.

IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String) IsUserInRole(String)

Gets a value indicating whether the currently logged-on user is in the specified role. The API is only intended to be called within the context of an ASP.NET request thread, and in that sanctioned use case it is thread-safe.

public:
 static bool IsUserInRole(System::String ^ roleName);
public static bool IsUserInRole (string roleName);
static member IsUserInRole : string -> bool
Public Shared Function IsUserInRole (roleName As String) As Boolean

Parameters

roleName
String String String String

The name of the role to search in.

Returns

true if the currently logged-on user is in the specified role; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

roleName is null.

-or-

There is no current logged-on user.

roleName is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

Examples

The following code example programmatically checks whether the currently logged-on user is in the Administrators role before allowing the user to view roles settings for the application. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;
MembershipUserCollection users;

public void Page_Load()
{
  Msg.Text = "";

  try
  {
    if (!Roles.IsUserInRole(User.Identity.Name, "Administrators"))
    {
      Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles.";
      UsersListBox.Visible = false;
      return;
    }
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "There is no current logged on user. Role membership cannot be verified.";
    return;
  }


  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
    UsersListBox.DataBind();
  }


  // If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem != null)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind();

    UserRolesGrid.Columns[0].HeaderText = "Roles for " + UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value;
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim rolesArray() As String
Dim users As MembershipUserCollection

Public Sub Page_Load()

  Msg.Text = ""

  Try
    If Not Roles.IsUserInRole(User.Identity.Name, "Administrators") Then
      Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles."
      UsersListBox.Visible = False
      Return
    End If
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = "There is no current logged on user. Role membership cannot be verified."
    Return
  End Try


  If Not IsPostBack Then
    ' Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers()
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users
    UsersListBox.DataBind()
  End If


  ' If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  If Not UsersListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
    ' Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind()

    UserRolesGrid.Columns(0).HeaderText = "Roles for " & UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value
  End If

End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

The IsUserInRole method calls the RoleProvider.IsUserInRole method of the default role provider to determine whether the currently logged-on user is associated with a role from the data source for the application that is specified in the ApplicationName property. The currently logged-on user is identified by the HttpContext.User property of the current System.Web.HttpContext, or by Thread.CurrentPrincipal for non-HTTP hosting environments. If no user is logged on, an exception will be thrown. Only the roles for the application that is specified in the ApplicationName property are retrieved.

If CacheRolesInCookie is true, then roleName may be checked against the roles cache rather than the specified role provider.

See also

IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String) IsUserInRole(String, String)

Gets a value indicating whether the specified user is in the specified role. The API is only intended to be called within the context of an ASP.NET request thread, and in that sanctioned use case it is thread-safe.

public:
 static bool IsUserInRole(System::String ^ username, System::String ^ roleName);
public static bool IsUserInRole (string username, string roleName);
static member IsUserInRole : string * string -> bool
Public Shared Function IsUserInRole (username As String, roleName As String) As Boolean

Parameters

username
String String String String

The name of the user to search for.

roleName
String String String String

The name of the role to search in.

Returns

true if the specified user is in the specified role; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

roleName is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

-or-

username contains a comma (,).

Examples

The following code example programmatically checks whether a user is in the Administrators role before allowing the user to view roles settings for the application. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;
MembershipUserCollection users;

public void Page_Load()
{
  Msg.Text = "";

  try
  {
    if (!Roles.IsUserInRole(User.Identity.Name, "Administrators"))
    {
      Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles.";
      UsersListBox.Visible = false;
      return;
    }
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "There is no current logged on user. Role membership cannot be verified.";
    return;
  }


  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
    UsersListBox.DataBind();
  }


  // If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem != null)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind();

    UserRolesGrid.Columns[0].HeaderText = "Roles for " + UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value;
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim rolesArray() As String
Dim users As MembershipUserCollection

Public Sub Page_Load()

  Msg.Text = ""

  Try
    If Not Roles.IsUserInRole(User.Identity.Name, "Administrators") Then
      Msg.Text = "You are not authorized to view user roles."
      UsersListBox.Visible = False
      Return
    End If
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = "There is no current logged on user. Role membership cannot be verified."
    Return
  End Try


  If Not IsPostBack Then
    ' Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers()
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users
    UsersListBox.DataBind()
  End If


  ' If a user is selected, show the roles for the selected user.

  If Not UsersListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
    ' Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetRolesForUser(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    UserRolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray
    UserRolesGrid.DataBind()

    UserRolesGrid.Columns(0).HeaderText = "Roles for " & UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value
  End If

End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: View User Roles</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">

  <h3>View User Roles</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table border="0" cellspacing="4">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                    Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" id="UserRolesGrid" 
                                     AutoGenerateColumns="false" Gridlines="None" 
                                     CellSpacing="0" >
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
                         <Columns>
                           <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
                             <ItemTemplate>
                               <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                             </ItemTemplate>
                           </asp:TemplateField>
                         </Columns>
                       </asp:GridView></td>
    </tr>
  </table>

</form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

The IsUserInRole method calls the IsUserInRole method of the default role provider to determine whether a user name is associated with a role from the data source for the application that is specified in the ApplicationName property.

If username is equal to the current logged-on user and the CacheRolesInCookie property value is true, roleName may be checked against the role cache rather than the specified Provider.

See also

Applies to