DataBinder.Eval DataBinder.Eval DataBinder.Eval DataBinder.Eval Method

Definition

Uses reflection to parse and evaluate a data-binding expression against an object at run time.

Overloads

Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String)

Evaluates data-binding expressions at run time.

Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String)

Evaluates data-binding expressions at run time and formats the result as a string.

Remarks

Starting in .NET Framework 4.5, you can use model binding to simplify some of the tasks that you had to perform through data-binding in earlier versions. For a tutorial series on using model binding with Web Forms, see Model Binding and Web Forms.

Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String) Eval(Object, String)

Evaluates data-binding expressions at run time.

public:
 static System::Object ^ Eval(System::Object ^ container, System::String ^ expression);
public static object Eval (object container, string expression);
static member Eval : obj * string -> obj
Public Shared Function Eval (container As Object, expression As String) As Object
Parameters
container
Object Object Object Object

The object reference against which the expression is evaluated. This must be a valid object identifier in the page's specified language.

expression
String String String String

The navigation path from the container object to the public property value to be placed in the bound control property. This must be a string of property or field names separated by periods, such as Tables[0].DefaultView.[0].Price in C# or Tables(0).DefaultView.(0).Price in Visual Basic.

Returns

An Object instance that results from the evaluation of the data-binding expression.

Exceptions

expression is null or is an empty string after trimming.

Examples

The following examples show how to use the Eval method to bind data to Repeater control. It requires a data class named Product.

public class Product
{
    public int ProductID { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public double Price { get; set; }
}
Public Class Product
    Public Property ProductID As Integer
    Public Property Name As String
    Public Property Price As Double
End Class

The code-behind file loads test data and binds that data to a Repeater control.

public partial class ShowProducts : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        var products = new List<Product>();
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 1, Name = "Bike", Price = 150.00 });
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 2, Name = "Helmet", Price = 19.99 });
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 3, Name = "Tire", Price = 10.00 });

        ProductList.DataSource = products;
        ProductList.DataBind();
    }
}
Public Class ShowProducts
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

    Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
        Dim products As New List(Of Product)()
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 1, .Name = "Bike", .Price = 150.0})
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 2, .Name = "Helmet", .Price = 19.99})
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 3, .Name = "Tire", .Price = 10.0})

        ProductList.DataSource = products
        ProductList.DataBind()
    End Sub

End Class

In the declarative syntax for the Repeater control, you use the Eval method with Container.DataItem for the container parameter.

<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Name") %> for only <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>
<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Name") %> for only <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>

Or, you can call Eval function and not include the container parameter.

<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# Eval("Name") %> for only <%# Eval("Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# Eval("ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>
<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# Eval("Name") %> for only <%# Eval("Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# Eval("ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>

Remarks

The value of the expression parameter must evaluate to a public property.

This method is automatically called when you create data bindings in a rapid application development (RAD) designer such as Visual Studio. You can also use it declaratively to simplify casting to a text string. To do so, you use the <%# %> expression syntax, as used in standard ASP.NET data binding.

This method is particularly useful when binding data to controls that are in a templated list.

Note

Because this method performs late-bound evaluation, using reflection at run time, it can cause performance to noticeably slow compared to standard ASP.NET data-binding syntax.

For any of the list Web controls, such as GridView, DetailsView, DataList, or Repeater, container should be Container.DataItem. If you are binding against the page, container should be Page.

Starting in .NET Framework 4.5, you can use model binding to simplify some of the tasks that you had to perform through data-binding in earlier versions. For a tutorial series on using model binding with Web Forms, see Model Binding and Web Forms.

See Also

Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String) Eval(Object, String, String)

Evaluates data-binding expressions at run time and formats the result as a string.

public:
 static System::String ^ Eval(System::Object ^ container, System::String ^ expression, System::String ^ format);
public static string Eval (object container, string expression, string format);
static member Eval : obj * string * string -> string
Public Shared Function Eval (container As Object, expression As String, format As String) As String
Parameters
container
Object Object Object Object

The object reference against which the expression is evaluated. This must be a valid object identifier in the page's specified language.

expression
String String String String

The navigation path from the container object to the public property value to be placed in the bound control property. This must be a string of property or field names separated by periods, such as Tables[0].DefaultView.[0].Price in C# or Tables(0).DefaultView.(0).Price in Visual Basic.

format
String String String String

A .NET Framework format string (like those used by Format(String, Object)) that converts the Object instance returned by the data-binding expression to a String object.

Returns

A String object that results from evaluating the data-binding expression and converting it to a string type.

Examples

The following examples show how to use the Eval method to bind data to Repeater control. It requires a data class named Product.

public class Product
{
    public int ProductID { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public double Price { get; set; }
}
Public Class Product
    Public Property ProductID As Integer
    Public Property Name As String
    Public Property Price As Double
End Class

The code-behind file loads test data and binds that data to a Repeater control.

public partial class ShowProducts : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        var products = new List<Product>();
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 1, Name = "Bike", Price = 150.00 });
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 2, Name = "Helmet", Price = 19.99 });
        products.Add(new Product() { ProductID = 3, Name = "Tire", Price = 10.00 });

        ProductList.DataSource = products;
        ProductList.DataBind();
    }
}
Public Class ShowProducts
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

    Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
        Dim products As New List(Of Product)()
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 1, .Name = "Bike", .Price = 150.0})
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 2, .Name = "Helmet", .Price = 19.99})
        products.Add(New Product With {.ProductID = 3, .Name = "Tire", .Price = 10.0})

        ProductList.DataSource = products
        ProductList.DataBind()
    End Sub

End Class

In the declarative syntax for the Repeater control, you use the Eval method with Container.DataItem for the container parameter.

<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Name") %> for only <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>
<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Name") %> for only <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>

Or, you can call Eval function and not include the container parameter.

<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# Eval("Name") %> for only <%# Eval("Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# Eval("ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>
<asp:Repeater ID="ProductList" runat="server">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# Eval("Name") %> for only <%# Eval("Price", "{0:c}") %>
        <br />
        <a href='<%# Eval("ProductID", "details.asp?id={0}") %>'>See Details</a>
        <br />
        <br />
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>

Remarks

The value of expression must evaluate to a public property.

For more information about format strings in the .NET Framework, see Formatting Types.

This method is automatically called when you create data bindings in a rapid application development (RAD) designer such as Visual Studio. You can also use it declaratively to convert the Object resulting from the data-binding expression to a String. To use the method declaratively, use the <%# %> expression syntax, as used in standard ASP.NET data binding.

This method is particularly useful when binding data to controls that are in a templated list.

Note

Because this method performs late-bound evaluation, using reflection at run time, it can cause performance to noticeably slow compared to standard ASP.NET data-binding syntax. Use this method judiciously, particularly when string formatting is not required.

For any of the list Web controls, such as GridView, DetailsView, DataList, or Repeater, container should be Container.DataItem. If you are binding against the page, container should be Page.

Starting in .NET Framework 4.5, you can use model binding to simplify some of the tasks that you had to perform through data-binding in earlier versions. For a tutorial series on using model binding with Web Forms, see Model Binding and Web Forms.

See Also

Applies to