StateBag StateBag StateBag StateBag Class

Definition

Manages the view state of ASP.NET server controls, including pages. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class StateBag sealed : System::Collections::IDictionary, System::Web::UI::IStateManager
public sealed class StateBag : System.Collections.IDictionary, System.Web.UI.IStateManager
type StateBag = class
    interface IStateManager
    interface IDictionary
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public NotInheritable Class StateBag
Implements IDictionary, IStateManager
Inheritance
StateBagStateBagStateBagStateBag
Implements

Examples

The following code example demonstrates a composite Label control that has Text and FontSize properties. These properties are saved to and retrieved from view state when the Control.Render method is called on the control.

// This control renders values stored in view state for Text and FontSize properties.
using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;

namespace ViewStateControlSamples
{

    public class CustomLabel : Control
    {
        private const int defaultFontSize = 3;

        // Add property values to view state with set;
        // retrieve them from view state with get.
        public String Text
        {
            get 
            { 
                object o = ViewState["Text"]; 
                return (o == null)? String.Empty : (string)o;
            }

            set
            {
                ViewState["Text"] = value;
            }
        }


        public int FontSize
        {
            get
            {
                object o = ViewState["FontSize"];
                return (o == null) ? defaultFontSize : (int)o;
            }
            set
            {
                ViewState["FontSize"] = value;
            }
        }

        [System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
        protected override void Render(HtmlTextWriter output)
        {
            output.Write("<font size=" + this.FontSize.ToString() + ">" + this.Text + "</font>");
        }
    }
}
' This control renders values stored in view state for Text and FontSize properties.

Imports System
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI

Namespace ViewStateControlSamples

    Public Class CustomLabel : Inherits Control
        Private Const defaultFontSize As Integer = 3

        ' Add property values to view state with set; 
        ' retrieve them from view state with get.
        Public Property [Text]() As String
            Get
                Dim o As Object = ViewState("Text")
                If (IsNothing(o)) Then
                    Return String.Empty
                Else
                    Return CStr(o)
                End If
            End Get
            Set(ByVal value As String)
                ViewState("Text") = value
            End Set
        End Property


        Public Property FontSize() As Integer
            Get
                Dim o As Object = ViewState("FontSize")
                If (IsNothing(o)) Then
                    Return defaultFontSize
                Else
                    Return CInt(ViewState("FontSize"))
                End If

            End Get
            Set(ByVal value As Integer)
                ViewState("FontSize") = value
            End Set
        End Property
        <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub Render(ByVal Output As HtmlTextWriter)
            Output.Write("<font size=" & Me.FontSize & ">" & Me.Text & "</font>")
        End Sub

    End Class

End Namespace

Remarks

View state for a page or control is the cumulative property values, or view, of that page or control. You can access this class through the Control.ViewState property. Controls can also store essential state information in control state, but that information is not stored as a StateBag object.

This class is the primary storage mechanism for all HTML and Web server controls. It stores attribute/value pairs as strings associated with the control. It tracks changes to these attributes only after the OnInit method is executed for a page request, and saves the changes to the page's or control's view state.

This class implements a dictionary, and you can add items to it or remove items from it as you would any dictionary object. For more information about data collections, such as dictionaries, see Collections and Data Structures.

Constructors

StateBag() StateBag() StateBag() StateBag()

Initializes a new instance of the StateBag class. This is the default constructor for this class.

StateBag(Boolean) StateBag(Boolean) StateBag(Boolean) StateBag(Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the StateBag class that allows stored state values to be case-insensitive.

Properties

Count Count Count Count

Gets the number of StateItem objects in the StateBag object.

Item[String] Item[String] Item[String] Item[String]

Gets or sets the value of an item stored in the StateBag object.

Keys Keys Keys Keys

Gets a collection of keys representing the items in the StateBag object.

Values Values Values Values

Gets a collection of the view-state values stored in the StateBag object.

Methods

Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object)

Adds a new StateItem object to the StateBag object. If the item already exists in the StateBag object, this method updates the value of the item.

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

Removes all items from the current StateBag object.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates over all the key/value pairs of the StateItem objects stored in the StateBag object.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IsItemDirty(String) IsItemDirty(String) IsItemDirty(String) IsItemDirty(String)

Checks a StateItem object stored in the StateBag object to evaluate whether it has been modified since the call to TrackViewState().

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(String) Remove(String) Remove(String) Remove(String)

Removes the specified key/value pair from the StateBag object.

SetDirty(Boolean) SetDirty(Boolean) SetDirty(Boolean) SetDirty(Boolean)

Sets the state of the StateBag object as well as the Dirty property of each of the StateItem objects contained by it.

SetItemDirty(String, Boolean) SetItemDirty(String, Boolean) SetItemDirty(String, Boolean) SetItemDirty(String, Boolean)

Sets the Dirty property for the specified StateItem object in the StateBag object.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

For a description of this member, see CopyTo(Array, Int32).

ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized

For a description of this member, see IsSynchronized.

ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot

For a description of this member, see SyncRoot.

IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object)

For a description of this member, see Add(Object, Object).

IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object)

For a description of this member, see Contains(Object).

IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize

For a description of this member, see IsFixedSize.

IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly

For a description of this member, see IsReadOnly.

IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object]

For a description of this member, see Item[Object].

IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object)

For a description of this member, see Remove(Object).

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

For a description of this member, see GetEnumerator().

IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState

Gets a value indicating whether state changes are being tracked.

IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object) IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object)

Restores the previously saved view state of the StateBag object.

IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState() IStateManager.SaveViewState()

Saves the changes to the StateBag object since the time the page was posted back to the server.

IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState() IStateManager.TrackViewState()

Causes the StateBag object to track changes to its state so that it can be persisted across requests.

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to

See also