DataKeyCollection DataKeyCollection DataKeyCollection DataKeyCollection Class

Definition

Represents a collection that contains the key field of each record in a data source. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class DataKeyCollection sealed : System::Collections::ICollection
public sealed class DataKeyCollection : System.Collections.ICollection
type DataKeyCollection = class
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public NotInheritable Class DataKeyCollection
Implements ICollection
Inheritance
DataKeyCollectionDataKeyCollectionDataKeyCollectionDataKeyCollection
Implements

Examples


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

<head runat="server">
    <title>BaseDataList DataKeys Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));

         // Define the primary key for the table as the IntegerValue 
         // column (column 0). To do this, first create an array of 
         // DataColumns to represent the primary key. The primary key can
         // consist of multiple columns, but in this example, only
         // one column is used.
         DataColumn[] keys = new DataColumn[1];
         keys[0] = dt.Columns[0];

         // Then assign the array to the PrimaryKey property of the DataTable. 
         dt.PrimaryKey = keys;
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }

         // To persist the data source between posts to the server, 
         // store it in session state.  
         Session["Source"] = dt;
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Delete_Command(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e)
      {

         // Retrieve the data table from session state.
         DataTable dt = (DataTable)Session["Source"];

         // Retrieve the data row to delete from the data table. 
         // Use the DataKeys property of the DataGrid control to get 
         // the primary key value of the selected row. 
         // Search the Rows collection of the data table for this value. 
         DataRow row;
         row = dt.Rows.Find(ItemsGrid.DataKeys[e.Item.ItemIndex]);

         // Delete the item selected in the DataGrid from the data source.
         if(row != null)
         {
            dt.Rows.Remove(row);
         }

         // Save the data source.
         Session["Source"] = dt;

         // Create a DataView and bind it to the DataGrid control.
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = dv;
         ItemsGrid.DataBind();

      }

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>BaseDataList DataKeys Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" 
           BorderColor="Black"
           ShowFooter="False" 
           CellPadding="3" 
           CellSpacing="0"
           HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd"
           DataKeyField="IntegerValue"
           OnDeleteCommand="Delete_Command"
           runat="server">

         <Columns>

            <asp:ButtonColumn Text="Delete"
                 CommandName="Delete"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

<head runat="server">
    <title>BaseDataList DataKeys and DataKeyField Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Integer)))
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))

         ' Define the primary key for the table as the IntegerValue 
         ' column (column 0). To do this, first create an array of 
         ' DataColumns to represent the primary key. The primary key can
         ' consist of multiple columns, but in this example, only
         ' one column is used.
         Dim keys(1) As DataColumn
         keys(0) = dt.Columns(0)

         ' Then assign the array to the PrimaryKey property of the DataTable. 
         dt.PrimaryKey = keys
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 
     
            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next

         ' To persist the data source between posts to the server, 
         ' store it in session state.  
         Session("Source") = dt
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
        
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Delete_Command(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)

         ' Retrieve the data table from session state.
         Dim dt As DataTable = CType(Session("Source"), DataTable)

         ' Retrieve the data row to delete from the data table. 
         ' Use the DataKeys property of the DataGrid control to get 
         ' the primary key value of the selected row. 
         ' Search the Rows collection of the data table for this value. 
         Dim row As DataRow
         row = dt.Rows.Find(ItemsGrid.DataKeys(e.Item.ItemIndex))

         ' Delete the item selected in the DataGrid from the data source.
         If Not row is Nothing Then
         
            dt.Rows.Remove(row)
         
         End If

         ' Save the data source.
         Session("Source") = dt

         ' Create a DataView and bind it to the DataGrid control.
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = dv
         ItemsGrid.DataBind()

      End Sub

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>BaseDataList DataKeys and DataKeyField Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid" 
           BorderColor="Black"
           ShowFooter="False" 
           CellPadding="3" 
           CellSpacing="0"
           HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd"
           DataKeyField="IntegerValue"
           OnDeleteCommand="Delete_Command"
           runat="server">

         <Columns>

            <asp:ButtonColumn Text="Delete"
                 CommandName="Delete"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

The DataKeyCollection class represents a collection of the key fields in the data source. The key field of each record in the data source is stored in this collection. This allows you to store the key field with a data listing control without displaying it in the control. This collection is automatically filled with the values from the field specified by the BaseDataList.DataKeyField property. This collection does not allow you to manually add or remove items from the collection.

The key field is commonly used in a handler for an event, such as ItemCommand or DeleteCommand, as part of an update query string to revise a specific record in the data source. The key field helps the update query string identify the appropriate record to modify.

Use the Count property to determine the number of items in the collection. To programmatically retrieve a key field from a DataKeyCollection, use one of following methods:

  • Use the indexer to get a single key field from the collection, using array notation.

  • Use the CopyTo method to copy the contents of the collection to a System.Array object, which can then be used to get items from the collection.

  • Use the GetEnumerator method to create a System.Collections.IEnumerator implemented object, which can then be used to get items from the collection.

Constructors

DataKeyCollection(ArrayList) DataKeyCollection(ArrayList) DataKeyCollection(ArrayList) DataKeyCollection(ArrayList)

Initializes a new instance of the DataKeyCollection class.

Properties

Count Count Count Count

Gets the number of items in the collection.

IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether items in the DataKeyCollection can be modified.

IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether the DataKeyCollection is synchronized (thread-safe).

Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32]

Gets the key field at the specified index in the collection.

SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot SyncRoot

Gets the object used to synchronize access to the DataKeyCollection.

Methods

CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32) CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies all the items from the DataKeyCollection to the specified Array object, starting at the specified index in the Array object.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

Creates a IEnumerator implemented object that contains all key fields in the DataKeyCollection.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to

See Also