DataList.RepeatColumns Property

Definition

Gets or sets the number of columns to display in the DataList control.

public:
 virtual property int RepeatColumns { int get(); void set(int value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Bindable(true)]
public virtual int RepeatColumns { get; set; }
member this.RepeatColumns : int with get, set
Public Overridable Property RepeatColumns As Integer

Property Value

The number of columns to display in the DataList control. The default value is 0, which indicates that the items in the DataList control are displayed in a single row or column, based on the value of the RepeatDirection property.

Attributes

Exceptions

The specified number of columns is a negative value.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use the RepeatColumns property to specify the number of columns to display in the DataList control.

Note

The following code sample uses the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. This code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see ASP.NET Web Forms Page Code Model.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ImageValue", typeof(String)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Description for item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
            dr[3] = "Image" + i.ToString() + ".jpg";
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }
 
      void Button_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Set the repeat direction based on the selected value of the
         // DirectionList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatDirection = 
             (RepeatDirection)DirectionList.SelectedIndex;

         // Set the repeat layout based on the selected value of the
         // LayoutList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatLayout = (RepeatLayout)LayoutList.SelectedIndex;

         // Set the number of columns to display based on the selected
         // value of the ColumnsList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatColumns = ColumnsList.SelectedIndex;

         // Show or hide the gridlines based on the value of the
         // ShowBorderCheckBox property. Note that gridlines are displayed
         // only if the RepeatLayout property is set to Table.
         if ((ShowBorderCheckBox.Checked) 
             && (ItemsList.RepeatLayout == RepeatLayout.Table)) 
         {
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(1);
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.Both;
         }    
         else  
         {
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(0);
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.None;
         }
    
      }    
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataList Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataList Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="0"
           BorderWidth="0"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br />
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br />

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br />

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 AlternatingText='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>'
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <th>

               Repeat direction:

            </th>

            <th>

               Repeat layout:

            </th>

            <th>

               Repeat columns:

            </th>

            <th>

               <asp:CheckBox id="ShowBorderCheckBox"
                    Text="Show border"
                    Checked="False" 
                    runat="server" />

            </th>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="DirectionList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem>Horizontal</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Vertical</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="LayoutList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Table</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>Flow</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColumnsList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">0</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>1</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>2</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>3</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>4</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>5</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               &nbsp;

            </td>


         </tr>

      </table>     
         
      <asp:LinkButton id="RefreshButton" 
           Text="Refresh DataList" 
           OnClick="Button_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("ImageValue", GetType(String)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 

            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Description for item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
            dr(3) = "Image" & i.ToString() & ".jpg"
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
     
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsList.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub
 
      Sub Button_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Set the repeat direction based on the selected value of the
         ' DirectionList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatDirection = _
             CType(DirectionList.SelectedIndex, RepeatDirection)

         ' Set the repeat layout based on the selected value of the
         ' LayoutList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatLayout = CType(LayoutList.SelectedIndex, RepeatLayout)

         ' Set the number of columns to display based on the selected
         ' value of the ColumnsList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatColumns = ColumnsList.SelectedIndex

         ' Show or hide the gridlines based on the value of the
         ' ShowBorderCheckBox. Note that gridlines are displayed
         ' only if the RepeatLayout property is set to Table.
         If ShowBorderCheckBox.Checked _
             And ItemsList.RepeatLayout = RepeatLayout.Table Then 

            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(1)
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.Both
         
         Else  
    
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(0)
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.None
         
         End If
    
      End Sub    
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataList Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataList Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="0"
           BorderWidth="0"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br />
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br />

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br />

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 AlternatingText='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>'
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <th>

               Repeat direction:

            </th>

            <th>

               Repeat layout:

            </th>

            <th>

               Repeat columns:

            </th>

            <th>

               <asp:CheckBox id="ShowBorderCheckBox"
                    Text="Show border"
                    Checked="False" 
                    runat="server" />

            </th>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="DirectionList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem>Horizontal</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Vertical</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="LayoutList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Table</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>Flow</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColumnsList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">0</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>1</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>2</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>3</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>4</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>5</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               &nbsp;

            </td>


         </tr>

      </table>     
         
      <asp:LinkButton id="RefreshButton" 
           Text="Refresh DataList" 
           OnClick="Button_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Remarks

Use this property to specify the number of columns that display items in the DataList control. For example, if you set this property to 5, the DataList control displays its items in five columns.

Note

If this property is set to 0, the DataList control displays its items in a single row or column, based on the value of the RepeatDirection property. If the RepeatDirection property is set to RepeatDirection.Horizontal, the items are displayed in a single row. If the RepeatDirection property is set to RepeatDirection.Vertical, the items are displayed in a single column.

Applies to

See also