GridViewSortEventArgs GridViewSortEventArgs GridViewSortEventArgs GridViewSortEventArgs Class

Definition

Provides data for the Sorting event.

public ref class GridViewSortEventArgs : System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs
public class GridViewSortEventArgs : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
type GridViewSortEventArgs = class
    inherit CancelEventArgs
Public Class GridViewSortEventArgs
Inherits CancelEventArgs
Inheritance
GridViewSortEventArgsGridViewSortEventArgsGridViewSortEventArgsGridViewSortEventArgs

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use the GridViewSortEventArgs object passed to the event-handling method to cancel the sorting operation when the user attempts to sort the address column in a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomersGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    // to sort by address.
    if (e.SortExpression == "Address")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address.";
      SortInformationLabel.Text = "";
    }
    else
    {
      Message.Text = "";
    }
  }

  void CustomersGridView_Sorted(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " +
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() +
      " in " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() +
      " order.";
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorting(sender As Object, e As GridViewSortEventArgs)
  
    ' Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    ' to sort by address.
    If e.SortExpression = "Address" Then
    
      e.Cancel = True
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address."
      SortInformationLabel.Text = ""
    
    Else
    
      Message.Text = ""
      
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
 
    ' Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " & _
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() & _
      " in " & CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() & _
      " order."
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarks

The GridView control raises the Sorting event when a Sort button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Sort") is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the sort operation. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the sorting operation, whenever this event occurs.

Note

Although any button within a GridView control with its CommandName property set to "Sort" will raise the Sorting event, Sort buttons typically appear in the header row of a GridView control.

A GridViewSortEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to specify or determine the sort expression and sort direction in which to sort the GridView control. To determine the sort expression, use the SortExpression property. To determine the sort direction, use the SortDirection property. You can also cancel a sorting operation by setting the Cancel property to true.

For more information about handling events, see NIB: Consuming Events.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of GridViewSortEventArgs, see the GridViewSelectEventArgs constructor.

Constructors

GridViewSortEventArgs(String, SortDirection) GridViewSortEventArgs(String, SortDirection) GridViewSortEventArgs(String, SortDirection) GridViewSortEventArgs(String, SortDirection)

Initializes a new instance of the GridViewSortEventArgs class.

Properties

Cancel Cancel Cancel Cancel

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled.

(Inherited from CancelEventArgs)
SortDirection SortDirection SortDirection SortDirection

Gets or sets the direction in which to sort the GridView control.

SortExpression SortExpression SortExpression SortExpression

Gets or sets the expression used to sort the items in the GridView control.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

See Also