RequestValidator RequestValidator RequestValidator RequestValidator Class

Definition

Defines base methods for custom request validation.

public ref class RequestValidator
public class RequestValidator
type RequestValidator = class
Public Class RequestValidator
Inheritance
RequestValidatorRequestValidatorRequestValidatorRequestValidator

Examples

The following example shows how to create a custom request validator that allows only a specific string to be used for query-string values.

using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Util;


public class CustomRequestValidation : RequestValidator
{
    public CustomRequestValidation() { }

    protected override bool IsValidRequestString(
        HttpContext context, string value,
        RequestValidationSource requestValidationSource, string collectionKey,
        out int validationFailureIndex)
      {
        validationFailureIndex = -1;  //Set a default value for the out parameter.

        //This application does not use RawUrl directly so you can ignore the check.
        if (requestValidationSource == RequestValidationSource.RawUrl)
            return true;

        //Allow the query-string key data to have a value that is formatted like XML.
        if ((requestValidationSource == RequestValidationSource.QueryString) &&
            (collectionKey == "data"))
        {
            //The querystring value "<example>1234</example>" is allowed.
            if (value == "<example>1234</example>")
            {
                validationFailureIndex = -1;
                return true;
            }
            else
                //Leave any further checks to ASP.NET.
                return base.IsValidRequestString(context, value,
                requestValidationSource,
                collectionKey, out validationFailureIndex);
        }
        //All other HTTP input checks are left to the base ASP.NET implementation.
        else
        {
            return base.IsValidRequestString(context, value, requestValidationSource,
                                             collectionKey, out validationFailureIndex);
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Util

Public Class CustomRequestValidation
    Inherits RequestValidator

    Public Sub New()
    End Sub

    Protected Overloads Overrides Function IsValidRequestString(ByVal context As HttpContext, ByVal value As String, _
            ByVal requestValidationSource__1 As RequestValidationSource, _
            ByVal collectionKey As String, _
            ByRef validationFailureIndex As Integer) As Boolean
        validationFailureIndex = -1 ' Set a default value for the out parameter.

        ' This application does not use RawUrl directly so you can ignore the check.
        If requestValidationSource__1 = RequestValidationSource.RawUrl Then
            Return True
        End If

        ' Allow the query-string key data to have a value that is formated like XML.
        If (requestValidationSource__1 = RequestValidationSource.QueryString) AndAlso (collectionKey = "data") Then

            ' The query-string value "<example>1234</example>" is allowed.
            If value = "<example>1234</example>" Then
                validationFailureIndex = -1
                Return True
            Else
                ' Leave any further checks to ASP.NET.
                Return MyBase.IsValidRequestString(context, value,
                     requestValidationSource__1, collectionKey,
                     validationFailureIndex)
            End If
        Else
            ' All other HTTP input checks are left to the base ASP.NET implementation.
            Return MyBase.IsValidRequestString(context, value, requestValidationSource__1, collectionKey, validationFailureIndex)
        End If
    End Function
End Class




The following example shows how to configure ASP.NET to use the custom validator in the Web.config file for an application.

<system.web>  
  <httpRuntime requestValidationType="CustomRequestValidation" />  
</system.web>  

Remarks

By default, ASP.NET does not validate requests until code explicitly requests a value from the request. For example, ASP.NET does not validate query-string values until code accesses the QueryString collection. By default, ASP.NET also does not validate some types of request data, such as form values, cookies, the names of files that have been uploaded using HTTP, and the value of the RawUrl property.

The RequestValidator class is a base class that you can implement in order to provide custom request validation. By implementing this class, you can determine when validation occurs and what type of request data to perform validation on.

By default, ASP.NET provides cross-site scripting (XSS) checks. However, you can supplement or replace the request validation logic that is provided in ASP.NET by creating a custom implementation of the XSS. For example, you can write a custom request validation implementation that scans for SQL injection attacks in addition to checking for XSS attacks.

To create custom request validation, you write a custom class that derives from the RequestValidator base class. You then configure ASP.NET to use the custom request validator in the application-level Web.config file. You can put the custom class in the App_Code folder, in a compiled class library in the Bin folder, or in a compiled class library in the GAC.

Note

Only one custom request validation type can be configured for an application. It is not possible to configure a different request validation type for individual virtual paths or pages.

Constructors

RequestValidator() RequestValidator() RequestValidator() RequestValidator()

Initializes a new instance of the RequestValidator class.

Properties

Current Current Current Current

Gets or sets a reference to the current RequestValidator instance that will be used in an application.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InvokeIsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) InvokeIsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) InvokeIsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) InvokeIsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32)

Provides a public method that calls the protected IsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) method in order to validate HTTP request data.

IsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) IsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) IsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32) IsValidRequestString(HttpContext, String, RequestValidationSource, String, Int32)

Validates a string that contains HTTP request data.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

See Also