GroupStyle.AlternationCount Property


Gets or sets the number of alternating GroupItem objects.

 property int AlternationCount { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int AlternationCount { get; set; }
member this.AlternationCount : int with get, set
Public Property AlternationCount As Integer

Property Value


The number of alternating GroupItem objects.


The following example creates a ListBox that is bound to a CollectionViewSource that groups the items in the collection. The example alternates the background for the header of each GroupItem between two colors by doing the following:

The example also alternates the background of the items in the ListBox between three colors by setting the AlternationCount on the ListBox and binding the Background of each ListBox to the ItemsControl.AlternationIndex. In this case, the background alternates between three colors.

The CollectionViewSource that groups the items is not shown. For information on how to group item, see How to: Sort and Group Data Using a View in XAML.



    <!--Returns a Brush for the header of a GroupItem.-->
    <AlternationConverter x:Key="GroupHeaderBackgroundConverter">

    <!--Returns a Brush for a ListBoxItem.-->
    <AlternationConverter x:Key="BackgroundConverter">


  <ListBox ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource groupedData}}"
           DisplayMemberPath="CityName" AlternationCount="3" Name="lb">

      <!--Set alternating backgrounds on the header of each group.-->
      <GroupStyle AlternationCount="2">
            <TextBlock FontWeight="Bold" 
                       Text="{Binding Path=Name}" 
                           RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor, 
                           AncestorType={x:Type GroupItem}},

      <!--Set alternating backgrounds on the items in the ListBox.-->
      <Style TargetType="{x:Type ListBoxItem}">
        <Setter Property="Background" 
                Value="{Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self},
                     Converter={StaticResource BackgroundConverter}}"/>


The AlternationCount property and the ItemsControl.AlternationIndex attached property enable you to specify the appearance for two or more alternating GroupItem objects. For example, you can specify alternating background colors for every third GroupItem in an ItemsControl. The ItemsControl.AlternationIndex is assigned to each GroupItem in the ItemsControl. ItemsControl.AlternationIndex begins at 0, increments until it is AlternationCount minus 1, and then restarts at 0. For example, if AlternationCount is 3 and there are seven GroupItem objects in the ItemsControl, the following table lists the ItemsControl.AlternationIndex for each item.

Position of GroupItem in the ItemsControl ItemsControl.AlternationIndex
1 0
2 1
3 2
4 0
5 1
6 2
7 0

There are several methods you can use to specify different appearances for the alternating GroupItem objects. One method is to bind properties in the HeaderTemplate or ContainerStyle of the GroupStyle to the ItemsControl.AlternationIndex. You can then use an AlternationConverter to specify which value should be applied to the GroupItem that has a certain ItemsControl.AlternationIndex value. You can also use triggers to change the value of a property depending on the value of its ItemsControl.AlternationIndex.

Applies to