TextPointer TextPointer TextPointer TextPointer Class

Definition

Represents a position within a FlowDocument or TextBlock.

public ref class TextPointer : System::Windows::Documents::ContentPosition
public class TextPointer : System.Windows.Documents.ContentPosition
type TextPointer = class
    inherit ContentPosition
Public Class TextPointer
Inherits ContentPosition
Inheritance

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use a TextPointer to find a position just inside of the first Run element in a specified text container.

// This method returns the position just inside of the first text Run (if any) in a 
// specified text container.
TextPointer FindFirstRunInTextContainer(DependencyObject container)
{
    TextPointer position = null;

    if (container != null){
        if (container is FlowDocument)
            position = ((FlowDocument)container).ContentStart;
        else if (container is TextBlock)
            position = ((TextBlock)container).ContentStart;
        else
            return position;
    }
    // Traverse content in forward direction until the position is immediately after the opening 
    // tag of a Run element, or the end of content is encountered.
    while (position != null)
    {
        // Is the current position just after an opening element tag?
        if (position.GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection.Backward) == TextPointerContext.ElementStart)
        {
            // If so, is the tag a Run?
            if (position.Parent is Run)
                break;
        }

        // Not what we're looking for; on to the next position.
        position = position.GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection.Forward);
    }
        
    // This will be either null if no Run is found, or a position just inside of the first Run element in the
    // specifed text container.  Because position is formed from ContentStart, it will have a logical direction
    // of Backward.
    return position;
} 
' This method returns the position just inside of the first text Run (if any) in a 
' specified text container.
Private Function FindFirstRunInTextContainer(ByVal container As DependencyObject) As TextPointer
    Dim position As TextPointer = Nothing

    If container IsNot Nothing Then
        If TypeOf container Is FlowDocument Then
            position = (CType(container, FlowDocument)).ContentStart
        ElseIf TypeOf container Is TextBlock Then
            position = (CType(container, TextBlock)).ContentStart
        Else
            Return position
        End If
    End If
    ' Traverse content in forward direction until the position is immediately after the opening 
    ' tag of a Run element, or the end of content is encountered.
    Do While position IsNot Nothing
        ' Is the current position just after an opening element tag?
        If position.GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection.Backward) = TextPointerContext.ElementStart Then
            ' If so, is the tag a Run?
            If TypeOf position.Parent Is Run Then
                Exit Do
            End If
        End If

        ' Not what we're looking for on to the next position.
        position = position.GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection.Forward)
    Loop

    ' This will be either null if no Run is found, or a position just inside of the first Run element in the
    ' specifed text container.  Because position is formed from ContentStart, it will have a logical direction
    ' of Backward.
    Return position
End Function

The following example implements a simplistic find algorithm using TextPointer facilities.

// This method will search for a specified word (string) starting at a specified position.
TextPointer FindWordFromPosition(TextPointer position, string word)
{
    while (position != null)
    {
         if (position.GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection.Forward) == TextPointerContext.Text)
         {
             string textRun = position.GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection.Forward);

             // Find the starting index of any substring that matches "word".
             int indexInRun = textRun.IndexOf(word);
             if (indexInRun >= 0)
             {
                 position = position.GetPositionAtOffset(indexInRun);
                 break;
             }
         }
         else
            position = position.GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection.Forward);
     }

     // position will be null if "word" is not found.
     return position; 
}
' This method will search for a specified word (string) starting at a specified position.
Private Function FindWordFromPosition(ByVal position As TextPointer, ByVal word As String) As TextPointer
    Do While position IsNot Nothing
        If position.GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection.Forward) = TextPointerContext.Text Then
            Dim textRun As String = position.GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection.Forward)

            ' Find the starting index of any substring that matches "word".
            Dim indexInRun As Integer = textRun.IndexOf(word)
            If indexInRun >= 0 Then
                position = position.GetPositionAtOffset(indexInRun)
                Exit Do
            End If
        Else
            position = position.GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection.Forward)
        End If
    Loop

    ' position will be null if "word" is not found.
    Return position
End Function

Remarks

The TextPointer class introduces the following terminology:

  • Position - Inherently, a TextPointer always points to a position in content. Such positions either fall between characters in the content, or between flow content element tags that define structure for the content.

  • Current Position - Because a TextPointer always indicates a position, and because many of the operations that can be performed through a TextPointer are relative to the position currently pointed to by the TextPointer, it makes sense to simply refer to the position indicated by a TextPointer as the current position.

  • Insertion Position - An insertion position is a position where new content may be added without breaking any semantic rules for the associated content. In practice, an insertion position is anywhere in content where a caret may be positioned. An example of a valid TextPointer position that is not an insertion position is the position between two adjacent Paragraph tags (that is, between the closing tag of the preceding paragraph and the opening tag of the next paragraph).

  • Symbol - For the purposes of TextPointer operations that involve symbols, any of the following is considered to be a symbol:

  • Text Container - A text container is the element that forms the ultimate border for the flow content at hand; the position indicated by a TextPointer always falls within a text container. Currently, a text container must be either a FlowDocument or a TextBlock. Generally speaking, operations between TextPointer instances in different text containers are not supported.

  • Document - The content in a text container is referred to as a document, as in the IsInSameDocument method and the DocumentStart and DocumentEnd properties.

The TextPointer class is intended to facilitate traversal and manipulation of content that is represented by Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) flow content elements; in general, such elements derive from TextElement. Some of the operations that TextPointer facilitates include the following:

The position and LogicalDirection indicated by a TextPointer object are immutable. When content is edited or modified, the position indicated by a TextPointer does not change relative to the surrounding text; rather the offset of that position from the beginning of content is adjusted correspondingly to reflect the new relative position in content. For example, a TextPointer that indicates a position at the beginning of a given paragraph continues to point to the beginning of that paragraph even when content is inserted or deleted before or after the paragraph.

The TextPointer class does not provide any public constructors. An instance of TextPointer is created by using properties or methods of other objects (including other TextPointer objects). The following list provides a few examples of methods and properties that create and return a TextPointer. This list is not exhaustive:

Properties

DocumentEnd DocumentEnd DocumentEnd DocumentEnd

Gets a TextPointer at the end of content in the text container associated with the current position.

DocumentStart DocumentStart DocumentStart DocumentStart

Gets a TextPointer at the beginning of content in the text container associated with the current position.

HasValidLayout HasValidLayout HasValidLayout HasValidLayout

Gets a value that indicates whether the text container associated with the current position has a valid (up-to-date) layout.

IsAtInsertionPosition IsAtInsertionPosition IsAtInsertionPosition IsAtInsertionPosition

Gets a value that indicates whether the current position is an insertion position.

IsAtLineStartPosition IsAtLineStartPosition IsAtLineStartPosition IsAtLineStartPosition

Gets a value that indicates whether the current position is at the beginning of a line.

LogicalDirection LogicalDirection LogicalDirection LogicalDirection

Gets the logical direction associated with the current position which is used to disambiguate content associated with the current position.

Paragraph Paragraph Paragraph Paragraph

Gets the paragraph that scopes the current position, if any.

Parent Parent Parent Parent

Gets the logical parent that scopes the current position.

Methods

CompareTo(TextPointer) CompareTo(TextPointer) CompareTo(TextPointer) CompareTo(TextPointer)

Performs an ordinal comparison between the positions specified by the current TextPointer and a second specified TextPointer.

DeleteTextInRun(Int32) DeleteTextInRun(Int32) DeleteTextInRun(Int32) DeleteTextInRun(Int32)

Deletes the specified number of characters from the position indicated by the current TextPointer.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetAdjacentElement(LogicalDirection) GetAdjacentElement(LogicalDirection) GetAdjacentElement(LogicalDirection) GetAdjacentElement(LogicalDirection)

Returns the element, if any, that borders the current TextPointer in the specified logical direction.

GetCharacterRect(LogicalDirection) GetCharacterRect(LogicalDirection) GetCharacterRect(LogicalDirection) GetCharacterRect(LogicalDirection)

Returns a bounding box (Rect) for content that borders the current TextPointer in the specified logical direction.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection)

Returns a TextPointer to the closest insertion position in the specified logical direction.

GetLineStartPosition(Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32)

Returns a TextPointer to the beginning of a line that is specified relative to the current TextPointer.

GetLineStartPosition(Int32, Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32, Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32, Int32) GetLineStartPosition(Int32, Int32)

Returns a TextPointer to the beginning of a line that is specified relative to the current TextPointer, and reports how many lines were skipped.

GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextContextPosition(LogicalDirection)

Returns a pointer to the next symbol in the specified logical direction.

GetNextInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection) GetNextInsertionPosition(LogicalDirection)

Returns a TextPointer to the next insertion position in the specified logical direction.

GetOffsetToPosition(TextPointer) GetOffsetToPosition(TextPointer) GetOffsetToPosition(TextPointer) GetOffsetToPosition(TextPointer)

Returns the count of symbols between the current TextPointer and a second specified TextPointer.

GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection) GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection) GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection) GetPointerContext(LogicalDirection)

Returns a category indicator for the content adjacent to the current TextPointer in the specified logical direction.

GetPositionAtOffset(Int32) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32)

Returns a TextPointer to the position indicated by the specified offset, in symbols, from the beginning of the current TextPointer.

GetPositionAtOffset(Int32, LogicalDirection) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32, LogicalDirection) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32, LogicalDirection) GetPositionAtOffset(Int32, LogicalDirection)

Returns a TextPointer to the position indicated by the specified offset, in symbols, from the beginning of the current TextPointer and in the specified direction.

GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection)

Returns a string containing any text adjacent to the current TextPointer in the specified logical direction.

GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection, Char[], Int32, Int32) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection, Char[], Int32, Int32) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection, Char[], Int32, Int32) GetTextInRun(LogicalDirection, Char[], Int32, Int32)

Copies the specified maximum number of characters from any adjacent text in the specified direction into a caller-supplied character array.

GetTextRunLength(LogicalDirection) GetTextRunLength(LogicalDirection) GetTextRunLength(LogicalDirection) GetTextRunLength(LogicalDirection)

Returns the number of Unicode characters between the current TextPointer and the next non-text symbol, in the specified logical direction.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InsertLineBreak() InsertLineBreak() InsertLineBreak() InsertLineBreak()

Inserts a line break at the current position.

InsertParagraphBreak() InsertParagraphBreak() InsertParagraphBreak() InsertParagraphBreak()

Inserts a paragraph break at the current position.

InsertTextInRun(String) InsertTextInRun(String) InsertTextInRun(String) InsertTextInRun(String)

Inserts the specified text into the text Run at the current position.

IsInSameDocument(TextPointer) IsInSameDocument(TextPointer) IsInSameDocument(TextPointer) IsInSameDocument(TextPointer)

Indicates whether the specified position is in the same text container as the current position.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

This type or member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.

Applies to

See Also