XmlTextAttribute.DataType Property

Definition

Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the text generated by the XmlSerializer.

public:
 property System::String ^ DataType { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string DataType { get; set; }
member this.DataType : string with get, set
Public Property DataType As String

Property Value

String

An XML Schema (XSD) data type.

Exceptions

The XML Schema data type you have specified cannot be mapped to the .NET data type.

The XML Schema data type you have specified is invalid for the property and cannot be converted to the member type.

Examples

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::IO;

public ref class Group1
{
public:

   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.

   [XmlText(String::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Int32::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Double::typeid)]
   array<Object^>^All;
   Group1()
   {
      array<Object^>^temp = {321,"One",2,3.0,"Two"};
      All = temp;
   }
};

public enum class GroupType
{
   Small, Medium, Large
};

public ref class Group2
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=GroupType::typeid)]
   GroupType Type;
};

public ref class Group3
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=DateTime::typeid)]
   DateTime CreationTime;
   Group3()
   {
      CreationTime = DateTime::Now;
   }
};

public ref class Test
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Test^ t = gcnew Test;
      t->SerializeArray( "XmlText1.xml" );
      t->SerializeEnum( "XmlText2.xml" );
      t->SerializeDateTime( "XmlText3.xml" );
   }

private:
   void SerializeArray( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group1::typeid );
      Group1^ myGroup1 = gcnew Group1;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup1 );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeEnum( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group2::typeid );
      Group2^ myGroup = gcnew Group2;
      myGroup->Type = GroupType::Medium;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeDateTime( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group3::typeid );
      Group3^ myGroup = gcnew Group3;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}
using System;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;

public class Group1{
   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   [XmlText(typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement(typeof(int))]
   [XmlElement(typeof(double))]
   public object [] All= new object []{321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" };
}

public class Group2{
   [XmlText(Type = typeof(GroupType))]
   public GroupType Type;
}
public enum GroupType{
   Small,
   Medium,
   Large
}

public class Group3{
   [XmlText(Type=typeof(DateTime))]
   public DateTime CreationTime = DateTime.Now;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml");
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml");
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeArray(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group1));
      Group1 myGroup1 = new Group1();

      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeEnum(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group2));
      Group2 myGroup = new Group2();
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium;
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeDateTime(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group3));
      Group3 myGroup = new Group3();
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }
}
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.IO


Public Class Group1
   ' The XmlTextAttribute with type set to String informs the 
   ' XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   <XmlText(GetType(String)), _
   XmlElement(GetType(integer)), _  
   XmlElement(GetType(double))> _
   public All () As Object = _
   New Object (){321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" }
End Class


Public Class Group2
   <XmlText(GetType(GroupType))> _
   public Type As GroupType 
End Class

Public Enum GroupType
   Small
   Medium
   Large
End Enum

Public Class Group3
   <XmlText(GetType(DateTime))> _
   Public CreationTime As DateTime = DateTime.Now
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml")
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml")
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeArray(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group1))
      Dim myGroup1 As Group1 = New Group1()

      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeEnum(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group2))
      Dim myGroup As Group2 = New Group2()
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeDateTime(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group3))
      Dim myGroup As Group3 = new Group3()
      Dim writer As TextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

Remarks

Setting the DataType property to an XML Schema simple data type affects the format of the generated XML. For example, setting the property to "date" causes the generated text to be formatted in the general date style, for example: 2001-08-31. By contrast, setting the property to "dateTime" results in a specific instant as defined by the International Organization for Standardization document 8601, "Representations of Dates and Times", for example: 2001-08-15T06:59:11.0508456-07:00.

The effect of setting the DataType property can also be seen when using the XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe) to generate the XML Schema for a compiled file. For more information on using the tool, see The XML Schema Definition Tool and XML Serialization.

The following table lists the XML Schema simple data types with their .NET equivalents.

For the XML Schema base64Binary and hexBinary data types, use an array of Byte structures, and apply a XmlTextAttribute with the DataType set to "base64Binary" or "hexBinary", as appropriate. For the XML Schema time and date data types, use the DateTime type and apply the XmlTextAttribute with the DataType set to "date" or "time".

For every XML Schema data type that is mapped to a string, apply the XmlTextAttribute with its DataType property set to the XML Schema data type. Note that this does not change the serialization format, only the schema for the member.

Note

The property is case-sensitive, so you must set it exactly to one of the XML Schema data types.

Note

Passing binary data as an XML element is more efficient than passing it as an XML attribute.

For more information about XML Schema data types, see the World Wide Web Consortium document named XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes.

XSD data type .NET data type
anyURI String
base64Binary Array of Byte objects
boolean Boolean
byte SByte
date DateTime
dateTime DateTime
decimal Decimal
double Double
ENTITY String
ENTITIES String
float Single
gDay String
gMonth String
gMonthDay String
gYear String
gYearMonth String
hexBinary Array of Byte objects
ID String
IDREF String
IDREFS String
int Int32
integer String
language String
long Int64
Name String
NCName String
negativeInteger String
NMTOKEN String
NMTOKENS String
normalizedString String
nonNegativeInteger String
nonPositiveInteger String
NOTATION String
positiveInteger String
QName XmlQualifiedName
duration String
string String
short Int16
time DateTime
token String
unsignedByte Byte
unsignedInt UInt32
unsignedLong UInt64
unsignedShort UInt16

Applies to