XmlValidatingReader.ValidationEventHandler XmlValidatingReader.ValidationEventHandler XmlValidatingReader.ValidationEventHandler Event

Definition

Sets an event handler for receiving information about document type definition (DTD), XML-Data Reduced (XDR) schema, and XML Schema definition language (XSD) schema validation errors.

public:
 event System::Xml::Schema::ValidationEventHandler ^ ValidationEventHandler;
public event System.Xml.Schema.ValidationEventHandler ValidationEventHandler;
member this.ValidationEventHandler : System.Xml.Schema.ValidationEventHandler 

Examples

The following example validates a file against an XML Schema.

#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;
public ref class Sample
{
private:
   XmlTextReader^ txtreader;
   XmlValidatingReader^ reader;
   Boolean m_success;

public:
   Sample()
   {
      txtreader = nullptr;
      reader = nullptr;
      m_success = true;
      
      //Validate file against the XSD schema. 
      //The validation should fail.
      Validate( "notValidXSD.xml" );
   }


private:
   void Validate( String^ filename )
   {
      try
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Validating XML file {0}", filename );
         txtreader = gcnew XmlTextReader( filename );
         reader = gcnew XmlValidatingReader( txtreader );
         
         // Set the validation event handler
         reader->ValidationEventHandler += gcnew ValidationEventHandler( this, &Sample::ValidationEventHandle );
         
         // Read XML data
         while ( reader->Read() )
         {}
         Console::WriteLine( "Validation finished. Validation {0}", (m_success == true ? (String^)"successful" : "failed") );
      }
      finally
      {
         
         //Close the reader.
         if ( reader != nullptr )
                  reader->Close();
      }

   }


   //Display the validation error.
   void ValidationEventHandle( Object^ /*sender*/, ValidationEventArgs^ args )
   {
      m_success = false;
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\n\tValidation error: {0}", args->Message );
   }

};

int main()
{
   gcnew Sample;
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Sample
{

  private XmlTextReader txtreader = null;
  private XmlValidatingReader reader = null;
  private Boolean m_success = true;

  public Sample ()
  {
        //Validate file against the XSD schema. 
        //The validation should fail.
        Validate("notValidXSD.xml"); 
  }    

  public static void Main ()
  {
      Sample validation = new Sample();
  }

  private void Validate(String filename)
  {    
     try
     {
        Console.WriteLine("Validating XML file " + filename.ToString());
        txtreader = new XmlTextReader (filename);
        reader = new XmlValidatingReader (txtreader);

        // Set the validation event handler
        reader.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler (this.ValidationEventHandle);

        // Read XML data
        while (reader.Read()){}
        Console.WriteLine ("Validation finished. Validation {0}", (m_success==true ? "successful" : "failed"));
     }

     finally
     {
        //Close the reader.
        if (reader != null)
          reader.Close();
     } 
  }

  //Display the validation error.
  private void ValidationEventHandle (object sender, ValidationEventArgs args)
  {
     m_success = false;
     Console.WriteLine("\r\n\tValidation error: " + args.Message );
  }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Sample
    
    Private txtreader As XmlTextReader = Nothing
    Private reader As XmlValidatingReader = Nothing
    Private m_success As Boolean = True
    
    Public Sub New()
        'Validate file against the XSD schema. 
        'The validation should fail.
        Validate("notValidXSD.xml")
    End Sub 'New
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim validation As New Sample()
    End Sub 'Main
    
    Private Sub Validate(filename As String)
        Try
            Console.WriteLine("Validating XML file " & filename.ToString())
            txtreader = New XmlTextReader(filename)
            reader = New XmlValidatingReader(txtreader)
            
            ' Set the validation event handler
            AddHandler reader.ValidationEventHandler, AddressOf Me.ValidationEventHandle
            
            ' Read XML data
            While reader.Read()
            End While
            Console.WriteLine("Validation finished. Validation {0}", IIf(m_success, "successful", "failed"))
        
        Finally
            'Close the reader.
            If Not (reader Is Nothing) Then
                reader.Close()
            End If
        End Try
    End Sub 'Validate
     
    'Display the validation error.
    Private Sub ValidationEventHandle(sender As Object, args As ValidationEventArgs)
        m_success = False
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.CrLf & ControlChars.Tab & "Validation error: " & args.Message)
    End Sub 'ValidationEventHandle
End Class 'Sample

The sample uses the following two input files:

notValidXSD.xml (The xsi:schemaLocation attribute identifies the XML Schema for the reader.)


<?xml version='1.0'?>
<bookstore xmlns="urn:bookstore-schema"
     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
     xsi:schemaLocation="urn:bookstore-schema books.xsd">
  <book>
    <author>
      <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>
      <last-name>Franklin</last-name>
    </author>
  </book>
  <book genre="novel">
    <title>The Confidence Man</title>
    <author>
      <first-name>Herman</first-name>
      <last-name>Melville</last-name>
    </author>
    <price>11.99</price>
  </book>
</bookstore>

books.xsd


<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
    xmlns="urn:bookstore-schema"
    elementFormDefault="qualified"
    targetNamespace="urn:bookstore-schema">

 <xsd:element name="bookstore" type="bookstoreType"/>

 <xsd:complexType name="bookstoreType">
  <xsd:sequence maxOccurs="unbounded">
   <xsd:element name="book"  type="bookType"/>
  </xsd:sequence>
 </xsd:complexType>

 <xsd:complexType name="bookType">
  <xsd:sequence>
   <xsd:element name="title" type="xsd:string"/>
   <xsd:element name="author" type="authorName"/>
   <xsd:element name="price"  type="xsd:decimal"/>
  </xsd:sequence>
  <xsd:attribute name="genre" type="xsd:string"/>
 </xsd:complexType>

 <xsd:complexType name="authorName">
  <xsd:sequence>
   <xsd:element name="first-name"  type="xsd:string"/>
   <xsd:element name="last-name" type="xsd:string"/>
  </xsd:sequence>
 </xsd:complexType>

</xsd:schema>

Remarks

Note

The XmlValidatingReader class is obsolete in .NET Framework 2.0. You can create a validating XmlReader instance by using the XmlReaderSettings class and the Create method. For more information, see the Remarks section of the XmlReader reference page.

These events occur during Read and only if a ValidationType of DTD, XDR, Schema, or Auto is specified.

If no event handler is provided, an XmlException is thrown on the first validation error (Severity is equal to XmlSeverityType.Error).

Note

If an element reports a validation error, the rest of the content model for that element is not validated, however, its children are validated. The reader only reports the first error for a given element.

The callback handler can use the ValidationEventArgs.Severity property to guarantee that an XML instance document is validated against a schema. The Severity property allows you to distinguish between validation errors (Severity is equal to XmlSeverityType.Error) that indicate a fatal error, and validation warnings (Severity is equal to XmlSeverityType.Warning) that indicate that no schema information is available.

Applies to

See also