dotnet command

This topic applies to: ✓ .NET Core SDK 1.x .NET Core SDK 2.x

Name

dotnet - General driver for running the command-line commands.

Synopsis

dotnet [command] [arguments] [--additional-deps] [--additionalprobingpath] [-d|--diagnostics] [--fx-version]
    [-h|--help] [--info] [--list-runtimes] [--list-sdks] [--roll-forward-on-no-candidate-fx] [-v|--verbosity] [--version]

Description

dotnet is a generic driver for the Command Line Interface (CLI) toolchain. Invoked on its own, it provides brief usage instructions.

Each specific feature is implemented as a command. To use the feature, the command is specified after dotnet, such as dotnet build. All of the arguments following the command are its own arguments.

The only time dotnet is used as a command on its own is to run framework-dependent apps. Specify an application DLL after the dotnet verb to execute the application (for example, dotnet myapp.dll).

Options

--additional-deps <PATH>

Path to additional deps.json file.

--additionalprobingpath <PATH>

Path containing probing policy and assemblies to probe.

-d|--diagnostics

Enables diagnostic output.

--fx-version <VERSION>

Version of the installed .NET Core runtime to use to run the application.

-h|--help

Prints out a short help for the command. If using with dotnet, it also prints a list of the available commands.

--info

Prints out detailed information about the CLI tooling and the environment, such as the current operating system, commit SHA for the version, and other information.

--list-runtimes

Displays the installed .NET Core runtimes.

--list-sdks

Displays the installed .NET Core SDKs.

--roll-forward-on-no-candidate-fx

Rolls forward on no candidate shared framework.

-v|--verbosity <LEVEL>

Sets the verbosity level of the command. Allowed values are q[uiet], m[inimal], n[ormal], d[etailed], and diag[nostic]. Not supported in every command; see specific command page to determine if this option is available.

--version

Prints out the version of the .NET Core SDK in use.

dotnet commands

General

Command Function
dotnet build Builds a .NET Core application.
dotnet build-server Interacts with servers started by a build.
dotnet clean Clean build outputs.
dotnet help Shows more detailed documentation online for the command.
dotnet migrate Migrates a valid Preview 2 project to a .NET Core SDK 1.0 project.
dotnet msbuild Provides access to the MSBuild command line.
dotnet new Initializes a C# or F# project for a given template.
dotnet pack Creates a NuGet package of your code.
dotnet publish Publishes a .NET framework-dependent or self-contained application.
dotnet restore Restores the dependencies for a given application.
dotnet run Runs the application from source.
dotnet sln Options to add, remove, and list projects in a solution file.
dotnet store Stores assemblies in the runtime package store.
dotnet test Runs tests using a test runner.

Project references

Command Function
dotnet add reference Adds a project reference.
dotnet list reference Lists project references.
dotnet remove reference Removes a project reference.

NuGet packages

Command Function
dotnet add package Adds a NuGet package.
dotnet remove package Removes a NuGet package.

NuGet commands

Command Function
dotnet nuget delete Deletes or unlists a package from the server.
dotnet nuget locals Clears or lists local NuGet resources such as http-request cache, temporary cache, or machine-wide global packages folder.
dotnet nuget push Pushes a package to the server and publishes it.

Global Tools commands

.NET Core Global Tools are available starting with .NET Core SDK 2.1.300:

Command Function
dotnet tool install Installs a Global Tool on your machine.
dotnet tool list Lists all Global Tools currently installed in the default directory on your machine or in the specified path.
dotnet tool uninstall Uninstalls a Global Tool from your machine.
dotnet tool update Updates a Global Tool on your machine.

Additional tools

Starting with .NET Core SDK 2.1.300, a number of tools that were available only on a per project basis using DotnetCliToolReference are now available as part of the .NET Core SDK. These tools include:

Tool Function
dev-certs Creates and manages development certificates.
ef Entity Framework Core command-line tools.
sql-cache SQL Server cache command-line tools.
user-secrets Manages development user secrets.
watch Starts a file watcher that runs a command when files change.

For more information about each tool, execute dotnet <tool-name> --help.

Examples

Creates a new .NET Core console application:

dotnet new console

Restore dependencies for a given application:

dotnet restore

Note

Starting with .NET Core 2.0, you don't have to run dotnet restore because it's run implicitly by all commands that require a restore to occur, such as dotnet new, dotnet build and dotnet run. It's still a valid command in certain scenarios where doing an explicit restore makes sense, such as continuous integration builds in Visual Studio Team Services or in build systems that need to explicitly control the time at which the restore occurs.

Build a project and its dependencies in a given directory:

dotnet build

Run a framework-dependent app named myapp.dll:

dotnet myapp.dll

Environment variables

DOTNET_PACKAGES

The primary package cache. If not set, it defaults to $HOME/.nuget/packages on Unix or %HOME%\NuGet\Packages on Windows.

DOTNET_SERVICING

Specifies the location of the servicing index to use by the shared host when loading the runtime.

DOTNET_CLI_TELEMETRY_OPTOUT

Specifies whether data about the .NET Core tools usage is collected and sent to Microsoft. Set to true to opt-out of the telemetry feature (values true, 1, or yes accepted). Otherwise, set to false to opt into the telemetry features (values false, 0, or no accepted). If not set, the default is false and the telemetry feature is active.

DOTNET_MULTILEVEL_LOOKUP

Specifies whether .NET Core runtime, shared framework, or SDK are resolved from the global location. If not set, it defaults to true. Set to false to not resolve from the global location and have isolated .NET Core installations (values 0 or false are accepted). For more information about multi-level lookup, see Multi-level SharedFX Lookup.

DOTNET_ROLL_FORWARD_ON_NO_CANDIDATE_FX

Disables minor version roll forward. For more information, see Roll forward.