Query Expression Syntax Examples: Filtering

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Where and Where…Contains methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. Note, Where…Contains cannot be used as a part of a compiled query.

The AdventureWorks Sales model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

Where

Example

The following example returns all online orders.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var onlineOrders =
        from order in context.SalesOrderHeaders
        where order.OnlineOrderFlag == true
        select new
        {
            SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            OrderDate = order.OrderDate,
            SalesOrderNumber = order.SalesOrderNumber
        };

    foreach (var onlineOrder in onlineOrders)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order date: {1:d} Order number: {2}",
            onlineOrder.SalesOrderID,
            onlineOrder.OrderDate,
            onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim onlineOrders = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OnlineOrderFlag = True _
        Select New With { _
           .SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
           .OrderDate = order.OrderDate, _
           .SalesOrderNumber = order.SalesOrderNumber _
        }

    For Each onlineOrder In onlineOrders
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order date: {1:d} Order number: {2}", _
                onlineOrder.SalesOrderID, _
                onlineOrder.OrderDate, _
                onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example returns the orders where the order quantity is greater than 2 and less than 6.

int orderQtyMin = 2;
int orderQtyMax = 6;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query =
        from order in context.SalesOrderDetails
        where order.OrderQty > orderQtyMin && order.OrderQty < orderQtyMax
        select new
        {
            SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            OrderQty = order.OrderQty
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order quantity: {1}",
            order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderQty);
    }
}
Dim orderQtyMin = 2
Dim orderQtyMax = 6
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderDetail) = context.SalesOrderDetails

    Dim query = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OrderQty > orderQtyMin And order.OrderQty < orderQtyMax _
        Select New With { _
            .SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
            .OrderQty = order.OrderQty _
        }

    For Each order In query
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order quantity: {1}", _
                order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderQty)
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example returns all red colored products.

String color = "Red";
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query =
        from product in context.Products
        where product.Color == color
        select new
        {
            Name = product.Name,
            ProductNumber = product.ProductNumber,
            ListPrice = product.ListPrice
        };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", product.Name);
        Console.WriteLine("Product number: {0}", product.ProductNumber);
        Console.WriteLine("List price: ${0}", product.ListPrice);
        Console.WriteLine("");
    }
}
Dim color = "Red"
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From product In products _
        Where product.Color = color _
        Select New With { _
            .Name = product.Name, _
            .ProductNumber = product.ProductNumber, _
            .ListPrice = product.ListPrice _
        }

    For Each product In query
        Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", product.Name)
        Console.WriteLine("Product number: {0}", product.ProductNumber)
        Console.WriteLine("List price: ${0}", product.ListPrice)
        Console.WriteLine("")
    Next
End Using

Example

The following example uses the Where method to find orders that were made after December 1, 2003, and then uses the order.SalesOrderDetail navigation property to get the details for each order.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<SalesOrderHeader> query =
        from order in context.SalesOrderHeaders
        where order.OrderDate >= new DateTime(2003, 12, 1)
        select order;


    Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after December 1, 2003:");
    foreach (SalesOrderHeader order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ",
            order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderDate);
        foreach (SalesOrderDetail orderDetail in order.SalesOrderDetails)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}",
                orderDetail.ProductID, orderDetail.UnitPrice);
        }
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OrderDate >= New DateTime(2003, 12, 1) _
        Select order

    Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after December 1, 2003:")
    For Each order In query
        Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ", _
                order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderDate)
        For Each orderDetail In order.SalesOrderDetails
            Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}", _
                orderDetail.ProductID, orderDetail.UnitPrice)
        Next
    Next
End Using

Where…Contains

Example

The following example uses an array as part of a Where…Contains clause to find all products that have a ProductModelID that matches a value in the array.

using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    int?[] productModelIds = {19, 26, 118};
    var products = from p in AWEntities.Products
                   where productModelIds.Contains(p.ProductModelID)
                   select p;
    foreach (var product in products)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", product.ProductModelID, product.ProductID);
    }
}
Using AWEntities As New AdventureWorksEntities()
    Dim productModelIds As System.Nullable(Of Integer)() = {19, 26, 118}
    Dim products = From p In AWEntities.Products _
        Where productModelIds.Contains(p.ProductModelID) _
        Select p
    For Each product In products
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", product.ProductModelID, product.ProductID)
    Next
End Using

Note

As part of the predicate in a Where…Contains clause, you can use an Array, a List<T>, or a collection of any type that implements the IEnumerable<T> interface. You can also declare and initialize a collection within a LINQ to Entities query. See the next example for more information.

Example

The following example declares and initializes arrays in a Where…Contains clause to find all products that have a ProductModelID or Size that match values in the arrays.

using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var products = from p in AWEntities.Products
                   where (new int?[] { 19, 26, 18 }).Contains(p.ProductModelID) ||
                         (new string[] { "L", "XL" }).Contains(p.Size)
                   select p;
    foreach (var product in products)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", product.ProductID, 
                                           product.ProductModelID, 
                                           product.Size);
    }
}
Using AWEntities As New AdventureWorksEntities()
    Dim products = From p In AWEntities.Products _
        Where (New System.Nullable(Of Integer)() {19, 26, 18}).Contains(p.ProductModelID) _
        OrElse (New String() {"L", "XL"}).Contains(p.Size) _
        Select p
    For Each product In products
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", product.ProductID, _
                                           product.ProductModelID, _
                                           product.Size)
    Next
End Using

See also