Query Expression Syntax Examples: Restriction (LINQ to DataSet)

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Where method to query a DataSet using the query expression syntax.

The FillDataSet method used in these examples is specified in Loading Data Into a DataSet.

The examples in this topic use the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Globalization;

For more information, see How to: Create a LINQ to DataSet Project In Visual Studio.

Where

Example

This example returns all online orders.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    where order.Field<bool>("OnlineOrderFlag") == true
    select new
    {
        SalesOrderID = order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"),
        OrderDate = order.Field<DateTime>("OrderDate"),
        SalesOrderNumber = order.Field<string>("SalesOrderNumber")
    };

foreach (var onlineOrder in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order date: {1:d} Order number: {2}",
        onlineOrder.SalesOrderID,
        onlineOrder.OrderDate,
        onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber);
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderHeader")

Dim query = _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
    Where order.Field(Of Boolean)("OnlineOrderFlag") = True _
    Select New With { _
        .SalesOrderID = order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), _
        .OrderDate = order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate"), _
        .SalesOrderNumber = order.Field(Of String)("SalesOrderNumber") _
     }

For Each onlineOrder In query
    Console.Write("Order ID: " & onlineOrder.SalesOrderID)
    Console.Write(" Order date: " & onlineOrder.OrderDate)
    Console.WriteLine(" Order number: " & onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber)
Next

Example

This example returns the orders where the order quantity is greater than 2 and less than 6.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderDetail"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    where order.Field<Int16>("OrderQty") > 2 &&
        order.Field<Int16>("OrderQty") < 6
    select new
    {
        SalesOrderID = (int)order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"),
        OrderQty = order.Field<Int16>("OrderQty")
    };

foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order quantity: {1}",
        order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderQty);
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderDetail")

Dim query = _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
    Where order.Field(Of Short)("OrderQty") > 2 And _
            order.Field(Of Short)("OrderQty") < 6 _
    Select New With _
    { _
        .SalesOrderID = order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), _
        .OrderQty = order.Field(Of Short)("OrderQty") _
    }

For Each order In query
    Console.Write("Order ID: " & order.SalesOrderID)
    Console.WriteLine(" Order quantity: " & order.OrderQty)
Next

Example

This example returns all red colored products.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable products = ds.Tables["Product"];

var query =
    from product in products.AsEnumerable()
    where product.Field<string>("Color") == "Red"
    select new
    {
        Name = product.Field<string>("Name"),
        ProductNumber = product.Field<string>("ProductNumber"),
        ListPrice = product.Field<Decimal>("ListPrice")
    };

foreach (var product in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", product.Name);
    Console.WriteLine("Product number: {0}", product.ProductNumber);
    Console.WriteLine("List price: ${0}", product.ListPrice);
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim products As DataTable = ds.Tables("Product")

Dim query = _
    From product In products.AsEnumerable() _
    Where product.Field(Of String)("Color") = "Red" _
    Select New With _
       { _
           .Name = product.Field(Of String)("Name"), _
           .ProductNumber = product.Field(Of String)("ProductNumber"), _
           .ListPrice = product.Field(Of Decimal)("ListPrice") _
       }

For Each product In query
    Console.WriteLine("Name: " & product.Name)
    Console.WriteLine("Product number: " & product.ProductNumber)
    Console.WriteLine("List price: $ " & product.ListPrice & vbNewLine)
Next

Example

This example uses the Where method to find orders that were made after December 1, 2002 and then uses the GetChildRows method to get the details for each order.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

IEnumerable<DataRow> query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    where order.Field<DateTime>("OrderDate") >= new DateTime(2002, 12, 1)
    select order;


Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after 12/1/2002:");
foreach (DataRow order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ",
        order.Field<int>("SalesOrderID"), order.Field<DateTime>("OrderDate"));
    foreach (DataRow orderDetail in order.GetChildRows("SalesOrderHeaderDetail"))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}",
            orderDetail["ProductID"], orderDetail["UnitPrice"]);
    }
}
' Fill the DataSet.
Dim ds As New DataSet()
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
' See the FillDataSet method in the Loading Data Into a DataSet topic.
FillDataSet(ds)

Dim orders As DataTable = ds.Tables("SalesOrderHeader")

Dim query As IEnumerable(Of DataRow) = _
    From order In orders.AsEnumerable() _
    Where order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate") >= New DateTime(2002, 12, 1) _
    Select order

Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after 12/1/2002:")
For Each order As DataRow In query
    Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ", _
        order.Field(Of Integer)("SalesOrderID"), order.Field(Of DateTime)("OrderDate"))
    For Each orderDetail As DataRow In order.GetChildRows("SalesOrderHeaderDetail")
        Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}", _
            orderDetail("ProductID"), orderDetail("UnitPrice"))
    Next
Next

See Also

Loading Data Into a DataSet
LINQ to DataSet Examples
Standard Query Operators Overview