# {} Escape Sequence / Markup Extension

Provides the XAML escape sequence for attribute values. The escape sequence allows the subsequent values in the attribute to be interpreted as a literal.

## XAML Attribute Usage

<object property="{} literalValue" .../>


## XAML Property Element Usage

<object>
<object.property>
{} literalValue
</object.property>
</object>


## XAML Values

literalValue The literal string that follows the escape sequence. Typically this string contains an open or close brace ({ or }).

## Remarks

The escape sequence ({}) is used so that an open brace ({)can be used as a literal character in XAML.

XAML readers typically use the open brace ({) to denote the entry point of a markup extension; however, they first check the next character to determine whether it is a closing brace (}). Only when the two braces ({}) are adjacent, are they considered an escape sequence.

If the escape sequence is encountered, the XAML reader should process the remainder of the string as a string. However, if the escape sequence is applied to a member that has a type converter, the string might undergo type conversion when it is interpreted by a XAML writer.

The escape sequence is not a markup extension and is not backed by a class. However, it is a convention that XAML readers (including custom XAML readers) should respect.

A quotation mark (") cannot be used as an escape sequence in this manner. If you need to set a quotation mark as a property value for a noncontent property, use property element syntax and place the quotation mark as a string inside the property element, or use an XML character entity. For a content property, the quotation mark can be the entire content.

The escape sequence ({}) is frequently required when specifying an XML type that must include a namespace qualifier in a location where a XAML markup extension might appear. This includes the start of a XAML attribute value, and in a markup extension, immediately after an equal sign (=). The following example shows escape sequences for an XML namespace that appears at the start of a XAML attribute value.

<StackPanel Name="stacky">
<StackPanel.Resources>
<DataTemplate DataType="{}{http://planetsNS}Planet" >
<StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
<TextBlock Width="100" Text="{Binding Path=Element[{http://planetsNS}DiameterKM].Value}" />
<TextBlock Width="100" Text="{Binding Path=Attribute[Name].Value}" />
<TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Element[{http://planetsNS}Details].Value}" />
</StackPanel>
</DataTemplate>
</StackPanel.Resources>