As you read the code examples, you often encounter the comment symbol ('). This symbol tells the Visual Basic compiler to ignore the text following it, or the comment. Comments are brief explanatory notes added to code for the benefit of those reading it.

It is good programming practice to begin all procedures with a brief comment describing the functional characteristics of the procedure (what it does). This is for your own benefit and the benefit of anyone else who examines the code. You should separate the implementation details (how the procedure does it) from comments that describe the functional characteristics. When you include implementation details in the description, remember to update them when you update the function.

Comments can follow a statement on the same line, or occupy an entire line. Both are illustrated in the following code.

' This is a comment beginning at the left edge of the screen.
text1.Text = "Hi!"   ' This is an inline comment.


If your comment requires more than one line, use the comment symbol on each line, as the following example illustrates.

' This comment is too long to fit on a single line, so we break
' it into two lines. Some comments might need three or more lines.


Commenting Guidelines

The following table provides general guidelines for what types of comments can precede a section of code. These are suggestions; Visual Basic does not enforce rules for adding comments. Write what works best, both for you and for anyone else who reads your code.

Comment type Comment description
Purpose Describes what the procedure does (not how it does it)
Assumptions Lists each external variable, control, open file, or other element accessed by the procedure
Effects Lists each affected external variable, control, or file, and the effect it has (only if it is not obvious)
Inputs Specifies the purpose of the argument
Returns Explains the values returned by the procedure

Remember the following points:

• Every important variable declaration should be preceded by a comment describing the use of the variable being declared.

• Variables, controls, and procedures should be named clearly enough that commenting is needed only for complex implementation details.

You can also add comments to your code by preceding the text with the REM keyword. However, the ' symbol and the Comment/Uncomment buttons are easier to use and require less space and memory.