Sample: Create an on-premises user

This sample code is for Dynamics 365 for Customer Engagement. Download the complete sample from Sample: Work with Users and Roles.

Requirements

For more information about the requirements for running the sample code provided here, see Use the sample and helper code.

Prerequisites

Internet connection is required to download the sample project and to restore the NuGet packages used in the sample project.

Demonstrates

This sample shows how to create a user in an Active Directory environment using the IOrganizationService.Create method. A snippet showing just the key sections of the sample is shown first, followed by the Complete Sample Code.

Example



// Connect to the Organization service. 
// The using statement assures that the service proxy is properly disposed.
using (_serviceProxy = new OrganizationServiceProxy(serverConfig.OrganizationUri, serverConfig.HomeRealmUri,
                                                     serverConfig.Credentials, serverConfig.DeviceCredentials))
{
    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

    CreateRequiredRecords();

    // Retrieve the default business unit needed to create the user.
    QueryExpression businessUnitQuery = new QueryExpression
    {
        EntityName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
        ColumnSet = new ColumnSet("businessunitid"),
        Criteria =
        {
            Conditions =
    {
        new ConditionExpression("parentbusinessunitid", 
            ConditionOperator.Null)
    }
        }
    };

    BusinessUnit defaultBusinessUnit = _serviceProxy.RetrieveMultiple(
        businessUnitQuery).Entities[0].ToEntity<BusinessUnit>();

    //Create a new system user.
    SystemUser user = new SystemUser
    {
        DomainName = _domain + _userName,
        FirstName = _firstName,
        LastName = _lastName,
        BusinessUnitId = new EntityReference
        {
            LogicalName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
            Name = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
            Id = defaultBusinessUnit.Id
        }
    };

    Guid userId = _serviceProxy.Create(user);

    Console.WriteLine("Created a system user {0} for '{1}, {2}'", userId, _lastName, _firstName); 
}

Complete Sample Code



using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Description;

// These namespaces are found in the Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.dll assembly
// located in the SDK\bin folder of the SDK download.
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Query;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Client;
using Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Messages;

namespace Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Samples
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Demonstrates how to do basic entity operations like create 
    /// a system user account.</summary>
    /// <remarks>
    /// At run-time, you will be given the option to delete all the
    /// database records created by this program.</remarks>
    public class CreateAUser
    {
        #region Class Level Members

        // Define the IDs needed for this sample.
        private String _domain = String.Empty;
        private String _userName = "dparker";
        private String _firstName = "Darren";
        private String _lastName = "Parker";
        private OrganizationServiceProxy _serviceProxy;

        #endregion Class Level Members

        #region How To Sample Code
        /// <summary>
        /// This method first connects to the Organization service. Afterwards,
        /// it creates a system user account with a given active directory account.
        /// Note: Creating a user is only supported in an on-premises/active directory environment.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serverConfig">Contains server connection information.</param>
        /// <param name="promptforDelete">When True, the user will be prompted to delete all
        /// created entities.</param>
        public void Run(ServerConnection.Configuration serverConfig, bool promptforDelete)
        {
            try
            {
                // Connect to the Organization service. 
                // The using statement assures that the service proxy is properly disposed.
                using (_serviceProxy = new OrganizationServiceProxy(serverConfig.OrganizationUri, serverConfig.HomeRealmUri,
                                                                     serverConfig.Credentials, serverConfig.DeviceCredentials))
                {
                    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

                    CreateRequiredRecords();

                    // Retrieve the default business unit needed to create the user.
                    QueryExpression businessUnitQuery = new QueryExpression
                    {
                        EntityName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                        ColumnSet = new ColumnSet("businessunitid"),
                        Criteria =
                        {
                            Conditions =
                    {
                        new ConditionExpression("parentbusinessunitid", 
                            ConditionOperator.Null)
                    }
                        }
                    };

                    BusinessUnit defaultBusinessUnit = _serviceProxy.RetrieveMultiple(
                        businessUnitQuery).Entities[0].ToEntity<BusinessUnit>();

                    //Create a new system user.
                    SystemUser user = new SystemUser
                    {
                        DomainName = _domain + _userName,
                        FirstName = _firstName,
                        LastName = _lastName,
                        BusinessUnitId = new EntityReference
                        {
                            LogicalName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                            Name = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                            Id = defaultBusinessUnit.Id
                        }
                    };

                    Guid userId = _serviceProxy.Create(user);

                    Console.WriteLine("Created a system user {0} for '{1}, {2}'", userId, _lastName, _firstName); 
                }
            }
            // Catch any service fault exceptions that Microsoft Dynamics CRM throws.
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>)
            {
                // You can handle an exception here or pass it back to the calling method.
                throw;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates any entity records that this sample requires.
        /// </summary>
        public void CreateRequiredRecords()
        {
            // For this sample, all required entities are created in the Run() method.
            // Obtain the current user's information.
            WhoAmIRequest who = new WhoAmIRequest();
            WhoAmIResponse whoResp = (WhoAmIResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(who);
            Guid currentUserId = whoResp.UserId;

            SystemUser currentUser =
                _serviceProxy.Retrieve(SystemUser.EntityLogicalName, 
                currentUserId, 
                new ColumnSet("domainname")).ToEntity<SystemUser>();

            // Extract the domain and create the LDAP object.
            String[] userPath = currentUser.DomainName.Split(new char[] { '\\' });
            if (userPath.Length > 1)
                _domain = userPath[0] + "\\";
            else
                _domain = String.Empty;

            SystemUser existingUser = SystemUserProvider.GetUserIdIfExist(_serviceProxy,
                _domain, _userName, _firstName, _lastName);

            if(existingUser != null)
                throw new Exception("User already exist!");

            // Set up an Active Directory account in the current domain for this sample.
            String ldapPath = String.Empty;
            Boolean accountSetup = SystemUserProvider.CreateADAccount(_userName, 
                _firstName, _lastName, _serviceProxy, ref ldapPath);
            if (accountSetup)
                Console.WriteLine("An AD account created for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName);
            else
                Console.WriteLine("AD account already exist for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName);
        }

        #endregion How To Sample Code

        #region Main method

        /// <summary>
        /// Standard Main() method used by most SDK samples.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="args"></param>
        static public void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Obtain the target organization's web address and client logon 
                // credentials from the user.
                ServerConnection serverConnect = new ServerConnection();
                ServerConnection.Configuration config = serverConnect.GetServerConfiguration();

                CreateAUser app = new CreateAUser();
                app.Run( config, true );
            }
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", ex.Detail.Timestamp);
                Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", ex.Detail.ErrorCode);
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Detail.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", ex.Detail.TraceText);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
            }
            catch (System.TimeoutException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Stack Trace: {0}", ex.StackTrace);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.InnerException.Message ? "No Inner Fault" : ex.InnerException.Message);
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);

                // Display the details of the inner exception.
                if (ex.InnerException != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.Message);

                    FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> fe = ex.InnerException
                        as FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>;
                    if (fe != null)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", fe.Detail.Timestamp);
                        Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", fe.Detail.ErrorCode);
                        Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", fe.Detail.Message);
                        Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", fe.Detail.TraceText);
                        Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                            null == fe.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
                    }
                }
            }
            // Additional exceptions to catch: SecurityTokenValidationException, ExpiredSecurityTokenException,
            // SecurityAccessDeniedException, MessageSecurityException, and SecurityNegotiationException.
            finally
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Press <Enter> to exit.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }
        #endregion Main method
    }
}

See also

User and Team Entities
Sample: CrmServiceHelper Class
Sample: Disable a User