Test recorder and Regression suite automation tool for Retail Cloud POS
This topic explains how to use the new test recorder tool in Retail Cloud POS to record business scenarios for user acceptance testing (UAT) and user interface (UI) testing. It also explains how to automate test validation by using the Regression suite automation tool (RSAT). RSAT uses the Microsoft Azure DevOps test suite to download test cases. It then reports the results, together with the test execution status, back to Azure DevOps. The test cases can be manually created in Azure DevOps, or they can be synced from the Business process modeler (BPM) tool in Microsoft Dynamics Lifecycle Services (LCS) to Azure DevOps and then to RSAT.
This topic applies to Dynamics 365 Retail and Dynamics 365 Finance version 10.0.5 (October 2019) and later.
The test recorder is supported in Retail Cloud POS only when the Google Chrome web browser is used. Support for other web browsers and device types will be added later. Currently, POS RSAT is in preview. This means that it's not available in a public download version. If you would like to try the preview version, please create a support ticket.
The test recorder in POS helps significantly reduce the time and cost of UAT. UAT is typically required before a Microsoft application update is applied, or before custom code and configurations are applied to your Retail POS production environments.
The test recorder can record user actions in the client, and it provides exact fidelity for all controls and for all elements in the Document Object Model (DOM). In POS, the test recorder captures an event that has occurred and stores it, together with all relevant information about the corresponding user action, in real time. From this information, the test recorder can capture the type of user action (such as a button click, value entry, or navigation) and any data that is related to that user action (such as the value and type of input data, the view context, or the record context). However, password information isn't captured. During a recording session, the test recorder persists all the recorder information in memory. Then, at the end of the recording session, it generates an output file that includes enough detail so that RSAT can be used later to play back the actions just as the user performed them.
The test recorder captures all the data that is entered during a recording session except POS user passwords. Don't record any personally identifiable information (PII), secrets, sensitive data, or user-specific data. All data that is entered during a recording session is stored in the Recording.xml file, and other users can see it in LCS and Azure DevOps, in the variables.xlsx and Recording.xml files, and during playback.
Regression suite automation tool
RSAT lets functional power users run test cases in Retail POS. It then updates the test execution results in Azure DevOps for reporting and investigation purposes.
RSAT provides options for investigating test failures. It also decouples the test parameters from test steps and stores the parameters in Microsoft Excel files. In that way, the values of test parameters can easily be edited.
- You must have a Retail POS environment.
- Your test environment must be running binary update 10.0.5 or later.
- RSAT must have access to your test environment via a web browser.
- You must have Excel installed to generate and edit test parameters.
- You must have an Azure DevOps project to store and manage your test cases, test plans, and test case results.
Enable test recording in the Retail POS application
To turn on the test recording functionality in Retail POS, follow these steps in Retail headquarters.
- Go to Retail > Channel Setup > POS Setup > Registers.
- Select the register where the test recording functionality should be turned on.
- On the Register tab, on the General FastTab, set the Enable task and test recorder option to Yes.
- Select Save.
- Go to Retail > Retail IT > Distribution schedule.
- Select the Registers (1090) job, and then select Run now.
Controlling the test recorder
Open the test recorder
To open the test recorder, sign in to Retail Cloud POS, and then, on the Settings page, in the Task and Test recorders section, select Open test recorder.
Stop a recording session
To end a recording session, select Stop. Note that you can't restart a recording session after you end it. Therefore, make sure that the recording session is completed before you end it.
Pause a recording session
To temporarily stop (pause) a recording session, select Pause. Steps that you perform after you select Pause aren't recorded.
Continue a recording session
To resume a recording session after you've paused it, select Recording.
Start and end a task
To help organize your procedures, you can group steps together into tasks. To specify the beginning and end of a set of grouped steps, use the Start task and End task buttons. Select Start task to add a "Start Task" step, and then perform the steps that should be included in the group. After you've finished performing the steps for the group, select End task.
Tasks can be nested inside other tasks. In this way, you can better organize very long and complex business processes.
Add a new task
Add an annotation
An annotation is additional text that you add to a step in a recording. For example, you can use annotations to give the user more context or instructions. You can add an annotation to any step by selecting the Edit button (pencil symbol) to the right of the step.
Add text and notes
You can use the Text and Notes fields in the annotation dialog box to add text that should be associated with a step in a task guide.
- Text – Text that you enter in this field appears above the step text in the test steps.
- Notes – Text that you enter in this field appears below the step text in the LCS.
Change input values
You can change user input values that are entered during a recording session. For example, if you added product 0005 during the recording session, the product ID is stored by default in the Recording.xml file. If you want to specify a different product ID, you can change the value here. The value will be shown only if there is user input.
Hide the test recorder pane
To hide and show the test recorder pane during a recording session, select the collapse button.
Test recorder floater control
The test recorder floater control is useful when the test recorder pane is hidden during a recording session. The test recorder pane overrides non-error dialog boxes and/or part of the POS view. Therefore, you must sometimes hide the pane to add validation in the dialog boxes or select controls. If the test recorder pane is hidden, but you must still be able to access test recording functionality (for example, you must turn on validation mode, or pause or continue the recording session), you can use this floater control.
The following sections describe the controls on the floater control.
The move control lets you move the floater control within the POS app.
When you turn on validation mode, the recording session is paused. To continue the recording session, you must turn off validation mode.
To temporarily stop (pause) the recording session and continue the operation, select the Pause button. Steps that you perform after you select Pause aren't recorded.
To resume the recording session after you've paused it, select Recording.
Record a test case in Retail POS
Create a recording
Follow these steps to create a new recording by using the test recorder:
Open Retail Cloud POS, and sign in.
On the Settings page, in the Task and Test recorders section, select Open test recorder.
Select Create a new recording.
Enter a name and description for the recording, and then select Start.
The test recorder enters recording mode, and the recording session begins. The test recorder pane shows information and controls that are related to the recording session.
Perform the actions that you want to perform in the Retail POS UI.
When you use validation mode during a recording session, users can then validate values during test execution. For example, you can use the validation mode feature if you want to validate label text or an error message, or if you want to validate that the item price or tax is calculated correctly. To turn on validation mode during a recording session, use the Enable validation mode option.
Set the Enable validation mode option to Yes.
Select values or text in the POS to add a validation step. No validation is done for passwords, sensitive data, or fields where the test recorder can't get the field values. During test execution, the playback engine determines whether the value is same. The test case then either passes or fails, depending on the result of the validation.
While validation mode is turned on, the test recorder will be in a paused state. It will just add validations steps, and POS won't respond to any user actions except the addition of validation steps. For example, in validation mode, you can't open a different POS view or use any POS functionality. To continue the recording session, you must turn off validation mode by setting the Enable validation mode option to No.
To end the recording session, select Stop.
After you end a recording session, you can download the recording by selecting Save to this PC.
The .axtr file is saved to the local file system. You must manually upload this file to LCS or Azure DevOps and then either delete it from the file system or secure it.
To upload to Azure Dev Ops directly:
- Change the .axtr file extension to .zip.
- Open the .zip package.
- Inside the package there will be file with name Recording.xml. Upload the Recording.xml to the test case in Azure DevOps. Don’t upload the entire .zip or .axtr package.
Download the Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) package file for RSAT from Regression Suite Automation Tool. Double-click the MSI file to run it. After you install RSAT, you must install drivers for Selenium and the web browser.
Before you run the test, you must set up Azure DevOps, and you must complete the required general settings and other required settings in RSAT. For detailed steps, see Regression suite automation tool installation and configuration.
The following procedure describes the configuration that is required to run the Retail POS test cases.
If you are using the preview version of POS RSAT, after the installation of RSAT, add the following setting in the Microsoft.Dynamics.RegressionSuite.WindowsApp.exe.config configuration file. This file is located in main RSAT installation folder (usually C:\Program Files (x86)\Regression Suite Automation Tool).
<add key="RetailPos" value="true" />
If this setting is not used, Retail POS tab will not be shown on the RSAT Settings tab.
Configure the Retail POS settings
Open RSAT from your desktop.
Select the Settings button in the upper right to configure RSAT.
In the Settings dialog box, on the Retail POS tab, on the Playback environment tab, set the following fields:
- Cloud POS URL – Enter the URL of the Retail Cloud POS environment where you want to run the test.
- Retail server URL – Enter the Retail Server URL that should be used for device activation, if the device hasn't already been activated.
The Cloud POS and Retail server URL can be obtained from Finance and Operations environment. Navigate to Retail > Channel setup > Channel profiles. You can also obtain the URLs from the LCS environment page.
- AAD user email – Enter the email address of the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) user that should be used for device activation. The Azure AD user must have permission to activate the device.
- AAD password – Enter the password of the Azure AD user that should be used for device activation.
- Register number – Enter the ID of the register number (retail channel) where the test should be run.
- Device – Enter the ID of the device where the test should be run.
- Default wait time – Enter the wait time, in seconds, before the test case fails if any element isn't found. During test execution, the playback engine keeps trying to find the find element until this default wait time has passed. It then fails the test case and notifies you that the element that was recorded wasn't found or loaded for playback.
Select the POS login credentials tab.
During a recording session, the test recorder captures only the user name from the POS. It doesn't store any password. However, to run the test, you must have both the user name and the password that are used to sign in to POS. This tab captures the POS user name and password, so that the password information is securely stored outside the recording file. During test execution, the user ID is then mapped to the same user ID that is entered in RSAT, and the password is retrieved.
Therefore, on the POS login credentials tab, you must enter all the user name and password information that was used during the recording session, so that the password can be retrieved during test execution. Otherwise, test execution will fail, and you will be notified that sign-in details weren't found.
In the Username field, enter the user name for sign-in to POS.
In the Password field, enter the password for sign-in to POS.
Repeat steps 6 through 8 to enter other user names and passwords for sign-in to POS.
To edit a set of POS sign-in credentials, select Edit.
To delete a set of POS sign-in credentials, select Delete.
This section explains how to load test cases from Azure DevOps, generate automation files, modify test parameters, run tests, investigate results, and save your work back to Azure DevOps.
For detailed information about how to set up Azure DevOps and test cases, see Regression suite automation tool installation and configuration. You must complete that setup before you start to run tests.
Load test cases and create parameter files
In RSAT, select Load to download test cases and test case automation files from Azure DevOps. All test cases that belong to the test plan that is specified in the Settings dialog box are downloaded.
Test cases are organized by test suite under a common test plan. The test suites are the test suites that you created in your Azure DevOps project. By using RSAT, you can work with one test suite at a time. If RSAT can't load any test case, verify that your test plan was correctly created in Azure DevOps, and that it contains the required test suites and test cases.
If you're loading the test plan for the first time, the Parameters File column in the grid is blank, and you must generate test automation parameter files for your test cases.
To run the tests, generate the following test automation files:
- Test parameter files (Excel files that contain test case parameters)
- XML files that are required to run the tests
When you select New, test automation files are generated in your working directory. The Excel test parameter files appear in the Parameters File column in the grid.
For the retail test recording files, the Generate Test Execution files only option is unavailable. Because Retail Cloud POS uses the Selenium web directly to do the playback, no additional script file must be generated.
Modify test parameters and validation values
This section explains how to modify Excel files by specifying input and validation parameters for your test run.
In RSAT, select one or more test cases to modify, and then select Edit. An Excel window is opened for each test case that you selected. Alternatively, you can open the Excel files directly from the working directory.
In addition to a Summary tab, the Excel file includes a Variables tab that has the details of all the variables that were generated. Retail POS automatically generates variables for all the input values that are entered during a recording session. You don't have to generate the variables separately. Each variable has a unique variable ID that you can pass, in order, to different test cases in a single instance of test execution. All the variables on the Variables tab appear in the order that they were entered in during the recording session.
Validate expected values
Validation of expected values is an important component of a test case. When you create your test cases, you can define validation parameters by using the test recorder in validation mode.
During the recording session, turn on validation mode. Then, while the test recorder is recording, select all the fields that must be validated. This action becomes a validation step that you can use with RSAT. The validation values will appear, in the order that they were entered in, on the Variables tab in the Excel file. You can then modify the values in the Excel file before test execution, and the new values will be used for data entry and validation during test execution.
In RSAT, select Run to run the selected test cases. You can run only test cases that automation files have been generated for. RSAT opens Retail POS and runs the tests by using the data that is entered in Excel. After the test run, the results are updated in the Result column in RSAT, and also in Azure DevOps.
To change the order that test cases are run in, use the up arrow and down arrow buttons.
After test cases have finished running, the pass or fail status appears in the Result column in RSAT. You can select the Result column to view the error messages. More details are available in Azure DevOps, and you can use them to investigate the results. From your Azure DevOps project page, go to Test > Runs.
All error messages are also available locally at C:\Users\$YourUserName\AppData\Roaming\regressionTool\errormsg<TestCaseId>.txt.
System and metadata files
The following table shows the files that are generated during recording sessions, test execution, and playback.
|File name||Description||File generation flow||File save flow|
|Recording.xml||This file contains all the steps that are required to play back a recording. It includes all user-specific values for each step in the recording.||The file is generated by the user when that user records a test case and uploads it to Azure DevOps so that it can be used by RSAT.||The file is saved to disk when the test case is loaded into RSAT.|
|Variables.xml||This file contains the values for all the variables that are used in the recording file. It's used by the playback tool.||The file is generated when the user selects New > Generate Test Execution and Parameter files in RSAT.||The file is saved when the user selects New > Generate Test Execution and Parameter files.|
|Variables.xlsx||This file contains the values for all the variables that are used in the recording file. It can be modified by the user and is used by the playback tool.||The file is generated when the user selects New > Generate Test Execution and Parameter files in RSAT.||The file is saved when the user selects New > Generate Test Execution and Parameter files.|
|OutputLog.txt||This file contains a log of execution of the playback process. It includes a description of each step that was run. It might also include an exception. Depending on the exception, it might contain data that is available in the Recording.xml file.||The file is generated after the playback tool in RSAT has finished running, regardless of whether the test case was successfully played back.||The file is saved when a test case is played back.|
|Time.xml||This file contains the list of steps, the user-edited description of each step, and the amount of time that the execution of each step required.||The file is generated after the playback tool in RSAT has finished running, but only if the test case was successfully played back.||The file is saved when a test case is successfully played back.|
|Out.xml||This file contains the values for all the variables that are used in the recording file. For each variable, this file uses the updated value from the Variables.xlsx file. The playback tool uses this file to support test cases that depend on variables from other test cases.||The file is generated after the playback tool in RSAT has finished running, regardless of whether the test case was successfully played back.||The file is saved when a test case is played back.|
|In.xml||This file contains the values for all the variables that are used in the recording file of every test case that was run before the current test case. It uses the updated values from each Variables.xlsx file. The playback tool uses this file to support test cases that depend on variables from other test cases.||The file is generated before the playback tool in RSAT is run, when multiple test cases are run.||The file is saved when the previous test case has finished running and before a new test case is run.|
You must manually delete these files and secure them as you require. All these files are stored in the RSAT working directory.
Creating test cases by using the test recorder
- Make sure that all your recordings start from the POS log-in screen.
- Keep individual recordings short, and focus on a business task that is performed by one user, such as the creation a sale transaction. This approach makes it easier to maintain and reuse test cases.
- Don't record any scenario that includes secrets.
- Recording and playback must be done in the same screen layout and at the same resolution. If recording and playback are done in different layouts and at different resolutions, playback will fail.
- You can't change the POS user name during playback of a recording. When you make a recording, always use the same user name that will be used later for playback.
- Recording the POS activation flow is not supported.
- Keystroke recording performance may be slow, so type slowly while recording so that all the events are captured property.
- Peripheral emulation is currently not supported, use a keyboard wedge-based device.
- Don’t hold a key down during recording, as this could record multiple key press events.
If playback fails by flickering (opens and closes browser multiple times without starting playback), this could be related to the Chrome driver version. Check the error log in the RSAT tool. If the error states that the Chrome driver version is not supported, then download the supported chromedriver.exe version mentioned in the error message and paste it in the …\Regression Suite Automation Tool\Common\External\Selenium folder. You can download the Chrome driver from ChromeDriver.
.NET standard error
If you get the following 'netstandard’ error, install .NET Framework 4.8 runtime. You can download the .NET Runtime from Download SDKs.
Unhandled Exception: System.IO.FileNotFoundException: Could not load file or assembly 'netstandard, Version=22.214.171.124, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=cc7b13ffcd2ddd51' or one of its dependencies. The system cannot find the file specified at Microsoft.Dynamics.Commerce.PosPlayback.RecordingsRunner.Program.Main(String args).Multifactor authentication:
If multifactor authentication is enabled for the device activation user, then playback may fail. If possible, disable the multifactor authentication for the activation user temporarily. After the activation is completed, then re-enable the multifactor authentication. Activation will be required only for the first-time playback. We recommend that you discuss this approach with your security experts before making this change.