Asynchronous Queries


This documentation is for EF Core. For EF6.x, see Entity Framework 6.

Asynchronous queries avoid blocking a thread while the query is executed in the database. This can be useful to avoid freezing the UI of a thick-client application. Asynchronous operations can also increase throughput in a web application, where the thread can be freed up to service other requests while the database operation completes. For more information, see Asynchronous Programming in C#.


EF Core does not support multiple parallel operations being run on the same context instance. You should always wait for an operation to complete before beginning the next operation. This is typically done by using the await keyword on each asynchronous operation.

Entity Framework Core provides a set of asynchronous extension methods that can be used as an alternative to the LINQ methods that cause a query to be executed and results returned. Examples include ToListAsync(), ToArrayAsync(), SingleAsync(), etc. There are not async versions of LINQ operators such as Where(...), OrderBy(...), etc. because these methods only build up the LINQ expression tree and do not cause the query to be executed in the database.


The EF Core async extension methods are defined in the Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore namespace. This namespace must be imported for the methods to be available.

public async Task<List<Blog>> GetBlogsAsync()
    using (var context = new BloggingContext())
        return await context.Blogs.ToListAsync();