Stores are the best way to let players purchase items in your game.
As shown in the Items quickstart, PlayFab supports buying items out of a catalog, but that's not how most games structure their purchases. Whether you're making an idle clicker, an RPG, an FPS, or an endless runner, you probably have vendors in your game where players can buy weapons, armor, or running shoes.
Our solution for this is Stores, a subset of your catalog with prices you can override.
In this stores quickstart, you will:
- Add items to a catalog with regular prices.
- Create a store that contains the same items with discounted prices.
- Use PlayFab APIs to purchase an item from the store.
- Use information in the Game Manager to confirm that the item was purchased at the discounted store price.
Adding items to a catalog
First, let's add some Items to sell in your catalog:
Open Game Manager and select Economy on the left side bar.
Select the Catalogs tab, and open your main catalog.
Select New Item a few times, and create some items:
- apricot with a GD price of 4.
- pear with a GD price of 3.
- grape with no GD price (don't select any prices).
You don't have to assign a virtual currency price to items in a catalog for them to appear in a store.
In the following example, an item called apricot is added to the main catalog with a GD price of 4.
Creating a store
You should now have a few items with prices in your catalog. Let's create a store to sell them to a player.
- Open your main catalog and select Stores.
- Select New store.
- Set the Store Id and Store name to fruits (as shown in the following example).
Select ADD TO STORE.
- A pop-up screen - like the one shown below - will display all the items, bundles, and containers in the current catalog.
Add a few items to your store by selecting the Add button next to the item.
Setting the store price for an item
You should now see your items listed in the STORE CONTENTS, but they're not valid until they have at least one price.
The little static number (for example, < 4) next to the price text box is the original catalog price. You only have to enter a price for one box in each row, but you can enter as many prices as you want.
- If you don't enter any price for an item, it will be removed from the store.
- If a store item doesn't have a price in a currency, it can't be bought using that currency.
- Store prices can be higher than catalog prices, and zero is a valid price for an item.
You can drag-and-drop the rows in the store contents to rearrange the order of the items.
Add some GD prices to your items, but make them lower than the catalog prices:
- Apricot: 3.
- Pear: 2.
- Grape: 1.
Select SAVE STORE when you're done.
In the following example, an item called apricot with a catalog price of 4 GD is given a store price of 3 GD.
Purchasing an item from the store
Now that you have a store, let's use the PlayFab APIs to buy an item from the store in your game.
Get your store by calling GetStoreItems with these parameters in the request:
CatalogVersion = "main"
StoreId = "fruits"
Storefield in GetStoreItemsResult should contain a list of your store items and their prices.
Call PurchaseItem with values in the request that specify the currency and store price of the item you want to buy.
CatalogVersion = "main"
StoreId = "fruits"
ItemId = "pear"
VirtualCurrency = "GD"
Price = 2
If you don't specify the
StoreId when calling PurchaseItem, the purchase is attempted against the catalog price.
Confirming the purchase price
Open Game Manager, and confirm that the purchase was made at the store price of 2 GD.
Select Players from the left side bar to open the Players tab.
Select the ID of the player that purchased the item.
Check the following information for the player:
- Open the Inventory tab. The inventory should now contain a pear.
- Open the Virtual Currency tab. Check the virtual currency Amount to verify that the player only spent 2 GD.
- Open the PlayStream tab. You will see events showing the purchase flow from the store. These should include a Player virtual currency item purchased event, and a Player virtual currency balance changed event showing that the virtual currency balance changed by 2 GD.
You can use the Game Manager to change the order of items in your store and adjust prices at any time.
Now that you've learned how to create and utilize stores in your game, you're ready to explore some more advanced uses of stores.
For example, by using segments in conjunction with stores, you can give special prices to certain players without touching your game code.
Also, by combining stores and segments with A/B testing, you can produce several versions of a store available to different A/B testing groups (buckets).
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