Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune
For Microsoft Intune to support use of certificates for authentication and the signing and encryption of email using S/MIME, you can use the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune. The certificate connector is software you install on an on-premises server to help deliver and manage certificates for your Intune-managed devices.
This article introduces the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune, its lifecycle, and how to keep it up to date.
Beginning on July 29, 2021, the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune replaces the use of PFX Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune and Microsoft Intune Connector. The new connector includes the functionality of both previous connectors. With the release of version 6.2109.51.0 of the Certificate Connector for Microsoft, the previous connectors are no longer supported.
To use the certificate connector, you’ll first download software from within the Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center, which you’ll then install on a Windows Server.
During the installation, you can install one or more connector features, including support for:
- Private and public key pair (PKCS) certificates
- PKCS imported certificates
- Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP)
- Certificate revocation
You'll also assign a service account to run the connector. This account is used for all interactions with your Certification Authority, and for certificate issuance, revocation, and renewal. Supported options for the service account include the connector servers SYSTEM account or a Domain account.
After the connector installs, you can run configuration of the connector again at any time to update it or change the features you’ve installed. After it's installed and configured, the connector can automatically install future updates to keep your connectors current to the most recent release.
Intune supports installing of multiple instances of the connector in a tenant, and each instance can support different features. If you use multiple connectors that support different features, certificate requests are always routed to a relevant connector. For example, if you install two connectors that support PKCS, and install two more that support both PKCS and SCEP, certificate tasks for PKCS can be managed by any of the four connectors, but tasks for SCEP are only directed to the two connectors that support SCEP.
Each instance of the certificate connector has the same network requirements as devices that are managed by Intune. For more information, see Network endpoints for Microsoft Intune, and Intune network configuration requirements and bandwidth.
Capabilities of the certificate connector
The Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune supports:
PKCS #12 certificate requests.
PKCS imported certificates (PFX file) for S/MIME email encryption for a specific user.
Issuing Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) certificates. When you use an Active Directory Certificate Services Certification Authority (CA), also called a Microsoft CA, you must also configure the Network Device Enrollment Service (NDES) on the server that hosts the connector.
Use of SCEP with a third-party Certification Authority, doesn’t require use of the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune.
Automatic updates to new versions. When servers that host the certificate connector can access the internet, they automatically install new updates to stay current. When a connector fails to automatically update, you can manually update the connector.
Installation of up to 100 instances of the connector per Intune tenant, with each instance on a separate Windows Server. When you use multiple connectors:
Each instance of the connector must have access to the private key used to encrypt the passwords of each uploaded PFX file.
Each instance of the connector should be at the same version. Because the connector supports automatic updates to the newest version, updates can be managed for you by Intune.
Your infrastructure supports redundancy and load balancing, as any available connector instance that supports the same connector features can process your certificate requests.
You can configure a proxy to allow the connector to communicate with Intune.
Any instance of the connector that supports PKCS can be used to retrieve pending PKCS requests from the Intune Service queue, process Imported certificates, and handle revocation requests. It's not possible to define which connector handles each request. Therefore, each connector that supports PKCS must have the same permissions and be able to connect with all the certification authorities defined later in the PKCS profiles.
Periodically, updates to the certificate connector are released. Announcements for new updates appear in the What’s New article for Intune, and in the What's new for the Certificate Connector section in this article.
When a new version releases, support for the previous version is deprecated with a limited grace period for its continued use. After the grace period expires, support for that deprecated version ends, and it can stop functioning at any time. The grace period is six months.
If you don’t allow the connector to automatically update, plan to manually update it to the latest version at the first opportunity.
Intune can automatically update the connector to the latest version shortly after that connector version is released.
To update automatically, the server that hosts the connector must access the Azure update service:
- Port: 443
- Endpoint: autoupdate.msappproxy.net
When firewalls, infrastructure, or network configurations limit access for automatic update, resolve the blocking issues or manually update the connector to the new version.
The process to manually update a certificate connector is the same for reinstalling a connector.
You can manually update a certificate connector even when it supports automatic updates. For example, you can manually update the connector when your network configuration blocks an automatic update.
Reinstall a certificate connector
On the Windows Server that hosts the connector, run the connector installation program to uninstall the connector.
To install the new version, use the procedure to install a new version of the connector. Be sure to check for any new or updated prerequisites when installing a newer version of a connector.
In the Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center, you can select a certificate connector to view information about its status:
Sign in to the Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center
Go to Tenant administration > Connectors and tokens > Certificate connectors.
Select a connector to view its status.
When viewing the connector status:
- Deprecated connectors show a Warning. After the six-month grace period, the warning changes to an Error.
- Connectors that are beyond the grace period show an Error. These connectors are no longer supported and can stop working at any time.
Logs for the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune are available as Event logs on the server where the connector is installed:
- Event Viewer > Application and Service Logs > Microsoft > Intune > Certificate Connectors
The following logs are available and default to 50 MB, and have automatic archiving enabled:
- Admin Log - This log contains one log event per request to the connector. Events include either a success with information about the request, or an error with information about the request and the error.
- Operational Log - This log displays additional information to that found in the Admin log, and can be of use in debugging issues. This log also displays ongoing operations instead of single events.
In addition to the default log level, you can enable debug logging for each log to obtain additional details.
All events have one of the following IDs:
- 0001-0999 - Not associated with any specific scenario
- 1000-1999 - PKCS
- 2000-2999 - PKCS Import
- 3000-3999 - Revoke
- 4000-4999 - SCEP
All events are tagged with a Task Category to aid in filtering. Task categories contain but aren't limited to the following list:
- PkcsRequestSuccess - Successfully fulfilled and uploaded a PKCS Request to Intune.
- PkcsRequestFailure - Failed to fulfill or upload a PKCS Request to Intune.
- PkcsDownloadSuccess - Successfully downloaded PKCS requests from Intune
- PkcsDownloadFailure - A failure occurred when downloading PKCS requests from Intune
- PkcsDownloadedRequest - Details of a single downloaded request from Intune
- PkcsIssuedSuccess - Issued a certificate for a request
- PkcsIssuedFailedAttempt - A failure occurred while issuing a certificate for a request
- PkcsIssuedFailure - Failed to issue a certificate for a Request
- PkcsUploadSuccess - Details of successful request that was uploaded to Intune
- PkcsUploadFailure - A failure occurred when uploading requests to Intune
- PkcsUploadedRequest - Details of an uploaded request to Intune
- PkcsImportRequestSuccess - Successfully downloaded PKCS Import requests from Intune
- PkcsImportRequestFailure - A failure occurred when downloading PKCS Import requests from Intune
- PkcsImportDownloadSuccess - Successfully downloaded PKCS Import requests from Intune
- PkcsImportDownloadFailure - A failure occurred when downloading PKCS Import requests from Intune
- PkcsImportDownloadedRequest - Details of a single downloaded request from Intune
- PkcsImportReencryptSuccess - Re-encrypted an imported certificate
- PkcsImportReencryptFailedAttempt - A failure occurred while re-encrypting an imported certificate
- PkcsImportReencryptFailure - Failed to re-encrypt an imported certificate
- PkcsImportUploadFailure - A failure occurred when uploading requests to Intune
- PkcsImportUploadedRequest - Details of an uploaded request to Intune
- RevokeRequestSuccess - Successfully downloaded Revocation requests from Intune
- RevokeRequestFailure - A failure occurred when downloading Revocation requests from Intune
- RevokeDownloadSuccess - Successfully downloaded Revocation requests from Intune
- RevokeDownloadFailure - A failure occurred when downloading Revocation requests from Intune
- RevokeDownloadedRequest - Details of a single downloaded request from Intune
- RevokeSuccess - Successfully revoked certificate
- RevokeFailure - A failure occurred while revoking a certificate
- RevokeFailedAttempt - Failed to revoke a certificate
- RevokeUploadSuccess - Details of successful request that was uploaded to Intune
- RevokeUploadFailure - A failure occurred when uploading requests to Intune
- RevokeUploadedRequest - Details of an uploaded request to Intune
- ScrepRequestSuccess - Successfully received and processed SCEP request and notified Intune
- ScepRequestIssuedFailure - Failed to issue certificate for SCEP request
- ScepRequestUploadFailure - Successfully processed SCEP request but failed to notify Intune
- ScepRequestReceived - Received request from device
- ScepVerifySuccess - Successfully verified request with Intune
- ScepVerifyFailure - Verification of request failed
- ScepIssuedSuccess - Successfully issued certificate for request
- ScepIssuedFailure - Failed to issue certificate for request
- ScepNotifySuccess - Successfully notified Intune of request
- ScepNotifyAttemptFailed - Failed attempt to notify Intune of request status.
- ScepNotifySaveToDiskFailed - Failed to write notification to disk. Will not be able to notify Intune of request status.
What's new for the Certificate Connector
Updates for the Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune are released periodically. When we update the connector, you can read about the changes here.
New updates for the connector can take several days to become available for each tenant. If an update isn’t available for your tenant yet, check back in a day or so.
October 11, 2021
Version 6.2110.201.0. This update includes:
- Bug fix for reading the SCEP application pool during configuration.
September 23, 2021
Version 6.2109.52.0. - With the release of this update, support ends for the two previous certificate connectors, PFX Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune and Microsoft Intune Connector.
This update includes:
- Additional logging for Digicert PKCS requests
- Enhancement to cryptography operations made during handling of PKCS requests
August 16, 2021
Version 6.2108.18.0. This update includes:
- A fix to correctly display the current connector status in Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center.
- A fix to correctly report on failures to deliver SCEP certificates.
July 29, 2021
Version 6.2107.45.0 - The Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune is released.
This connector is a unified connector in that it includes the capabilities of both the PFX Certificate Connector for Microsoft Intune and Microsoft Intune Connector, which it replaces. With this release, the previous connectors remain supported, but are no longer developed nor available for download. Plan to replace existing installations of the individual with installations of this new unified connector.