Policy recommendations for securing email

This article describes how to implement the recommended identity and device access policies to protect organizational email and email clients that support modern authentication and conditional access. This guidance builds on the Common identity and device access policies and also includes a few additional recommendations.

These recommendations are based on three different tiers of security and protection that can be applied based on the granularity of your needs: baseline, sensitive, and highly regulated. You can learn more about these security tiers, and the recommended client operating systems, referenced by these recommendations in the recommended security policies and configurations introduction.

These recommendations require your users to use modern email clients, including Outlook for iOS and Android on mobile devices. Outlook for iOS and Android provide support for the best features of Office 365. These mobile Outlook apps are also architected with security capabilities that support mobile use and work together with other Microsoft cloud security capabilities. For more information, see Outlook for iOS and Android FAQ.

Updating common policies to include email

The following diagram illustrates the common identity and device access policies and indicates which policies need to be updated to protect email. Note the addition of a new rule for Exchange Online to block ActiveSync clients. This forces the use of Outlook mobile.

Summary of policy updates for protecting email

If you included Exchange Online and Outlook in the scope of the policies when you set them up, you only need to create the new policy to block ActiveSync clients. Review the policies listed in the following table and either make the recommended additions, or confirm that these are already included. Each rule links to the associated configuration instructions in the Common identity and device access policies article.

Protection level Policies More information
Baseline Require MFA when sign-in risk is medium or high Include Exchange Online in the assignment of cloud apps
Block clients that don't support modern authentication Include Exchange Online in the assignment of cloud apps
Apply APP data protection policies Be sure Outlook is included in the list of apps. Be sure to update the policy for each platform (iOS, Android, Windows)
Require approved apps and APP protection Include Exchange Online in the list of cloud apps
Require compliant PCs Include Exchange Online in list of cloud apps
Block ActiveSync clients Add this new policy
Sensitive Require MFA when sign-in risk is low, medium or high Include Exchange Online in the assignment of cloud apps
Require compliant PCs and mobile devices Include Exchange Online in the list of cloud apps
Highly regulated Always require MFA Include Exchange Online in the assignment of cloud apps

Block ActiveSync clients

This policy prevents ActiveSync clients from bypassing other conditional access rules. The rule configuration applies only to ActiveSync clients. By selecting Require app protection policy, this policy blocks ActiveSync clients. Details on creating this policy can be found in Require app protection policy for cloud app access with Conditional Access.

  1. Follow "Step 2: Configure an Azure AD Conditional Access policy for Exchange Online with ActiveSync (EAS)" in Scenario 1: Office 365 apps require approved apps with app protection policies, which prevents Exchange ActiveSync clients leveraging basic authentication from connecting to Exchange Online.

Setup Office 365 message encryption

With the new Office 365 Message Encryption (OME) capabilities, which leverage the protection features in Azure Information Protection, your organization can easily share protected email with anyone on any device. Users can send and receive protected messages with other Office 365 organizations as well as non-Office 365 customers using Outlook.com, Gmail, and other email services.

For more information, see Set up new Office 365 Message Encryption capabilities.

Next steps

Learn about policy recommendations for securing SharePoint Sites and files