To synchronize application settings between user computers, Microsoft User Experience Virtualization (UE-V) 2.0, 2.1, and 2.1 SP1 use settings location templates. Some settings location templates are included in User Experience Virtualization. You can also create, edit, or validate custom settings location templates by using the UE-V Generator.
The UE-V Generator monitors Windows desktop applications to discover and capture the locations where the application stores its settings. The application that is monitored must be a desktop application. The UE-V Generator cannot create a settings location template for the following application types:
Applications that are offered through Terminal Services
Standard and Nonstandard settings locations: The UE-V Generator helps you identify where applications search for settings files and registry settings that applications use to store settings information. The generator only discovers settings in locations that are accessible to a standard user. Settings that are stored in other locations are excluded. Discovered settings are grouped into two categories: Standard and Non-standard. Standard settings are recommended for synchronization, and UE-V can readily capture and apply them. Non-standard settings can potentially synchronize settings but, because of the rules that UE-V uses, these settings might not consistently or dependably synchronize settings. These settings might depend on temporary files, result in unreliable synchronization, or might not be useful. These settings locations are presented in the UE-V Generator. You can choose to include or exclude them on a case-by-case basis.
The UE-V Generator opens the application as part of the discovery process. The generator can capture settings in the following locations:
Registry Settings – Registry locations under HKEY_CURRENT_USER
Application Settings Files – Files that are stored under \ Users \ [User name] \ AppData \ Roaming
The UE-V Generator excludes locations, which commonly store application software files, but do not synchronize well between user computers or environments. The UE-V Generator excludes these locations. Excluded locations are as follows:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER registry keys and files to which the logged-on user cannot write values
HKEY_CURRENT_USER registry keys and files that are associated with the core functionality of the Windows operating system
All registry keys that are located in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE hive, which requires administrator rights and might require to set a User Account Control (UAC) agreement
Files that are located in Program Files directories, which requires administrator rights and might require to set a UAC agreement
Files that are located under Users \ [User name] \ AppData \ LocalLow
Windows operating system files that are located in %Systemroot%, which requires administrator rights and might require to set a UAC agreement
If registry keys and files that are stored in these locations are required to synchronize application settings, you can manually add the excluded locations to the settings location template during the template creation process (except for registry entries in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE hive).
Use the UE-V Generator to edit settings location templates. When the revised settings are added to the templates by using the UE-V Generator, the version information within the template is automatically updated to ensure that any existing templates that are deployed in the enterprise are updated correctly.
If you edit a UE-V 1.0 template by using the UE-V 2 Generator, the template is automatically converted to a UE-V 2 template. UE-V 1.0 Agents can no longer use the edited template.
To edit a UE-V settings location template with the UE-V Generator
Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft User Experience Virtualization, and then click Microsoft User Experience Virtualization Generator.
Click Edit a settings location template.
In the list of recently used templates, select the template to be edited. Alternatively, click Browse to search for the settings template file. Click Next to continue.
Review the Properties, Registry locations, and Files locations for the settings template. Edit as required.
On the Properties tab, you can view and edit the following properties:
Application name: The application name that is written in the description of the program file properties.
Program name: The name of the program that is taken from the program file properties. This name usually has the .exe file name extension.
Product version: The product version number of the .exe file of the application. This property, together with the File version, helps determine which applications are targeted by the settings location template. This property accepts a major version number. If this property is empty, then the settings location template applies to all versions of the product.
File version: The file version number of the .exe file of the application. This property, along with the Product version, helps determine which applications are targeted by the settings location template. This property accepts a major version number. If this property is empty, the settings location template applies to all versions of the program.
Template author name (optional): The name of the settings template author.
Template author email (optional): The email address of the settings location template author.
The Registry tab lists the Key and Scope of the registry locations that are included in the settings location template. You can edit the registry locations by using the Tasks drop-down menu. In the Tasks menu, you can add new keys, edit the name or scope of existing keys, delete keys, and browse the registry in which the keys are located. When you define the scope for the registry, you can use the All Settings scope to include all the registry settings under the specified key. Use All Settings and Subkeys to include all the registry settings under the specified key, subkeys, and subkey settings.
The Files tab lists the file path and file mask of the file locations that are included in the settings location template. You can edit the file locations by using the Tasks drop-down menu. In the Tasks menu for file locations, you can add new files or folder locations, edit the scope of existing files or folders, delete files or folders, and open the selected location in Windows Explorer. To include all files in the specified folder, leave the file mask empty.
Click Save to save the changes to the settings location template.
Click Close to close the Settings Template Wizard. Exit the UE-V Generator application.
After you edit the settings location template for an application, you should test the template. Deploy the revised settings location template in a lab environment before you put it into production in the enterprise.
How to manually edit a settings location template
Create a local copy of the settings location template .xml file. UE-V settings location templates are .xml files that identify the locations where application store settings values.
A settings location template is unique because of the template ID. If you copy the template and rename the .xml file, template registration fails because UE-V reads the template ID tag in the .xml file to determine the name, not the file name of the .xml file. UE-V also reads the Version number to know if anything has changed. If the version number is higher, UE-V updates the template.
Open the settings location template file with an XML editor.
Edit the settings location template file. All changes must conform to the UE-V schema file that is defined in SettingsLocationTempate.xsd. By default, a copy of the .xsd file is located in \ProgramData\Microsoft\UEV\Templates.
Increment the Version number for the settings location template.
Save the settings location template file, and then close the XML editor.
Validate the modified settings location template file by using the UE-V Generator.
You must register the edited UE-V settings location template before it can synchronize settings between client computers. To register a template, open Windows PowerShell, and then run the following cmdlet:
update-uevtemplate [templatefilename]. You can then copy the file to the settings storage catalog. The UE-V Agent on users’ computers should then update as scheduled in the scheduled task.
It is possible to create or edit settings location templates in an XML editor without using the UE-V Generator. If you do, you can use the UE-V Generator to validate that the new or revised XML matches the schema that has been defined for the template.
To validate a UE-V settings location template with the UE-V Generator
Click Start, point to All Programs, click Microsoft User Experience Virtualization, and then click Microsoft User Experience Virtualization Generator.
Click Validate a settings location template.
In the list of recently used templates, select the template to be edited. Alternatively, you can Browse to the settings template file. Click Next to continue.
Click Validate to continue.
Click Close to close the Settings Template Wizard. Exit the UE-V Generator application.
After you validate the settings location template for an application, you should test the template. Deploy the template in a lab environment before you put it into a production environment in enterprise.
The Microsoft User Experience Virtualization (UE-V) 2.0 template gallery enables administrators to share their UE-V settings location templates. In the gallery, you can upload your settings location templates for other users to use, and you can download templates that other users have created. The UE-V template gallery is located on Microsoft TechNet here.
Before you share a settings location template on the UE-V template gallery, ensure it does not contain any personal or company information. You can use any XML viewer to open and view the contents of a settings location template file. The following template values should be reviewed before you share a template with anyone outside your company.
Template Author Name – Specify a general, non-identifying name for the template author name or exclude this data from the template.
Template Author Email – Specify a general, non-identifying template author email or exclude this data from the template.
Before you deploy any settings location template that you have downloaded from the UE-V gallery, you should first test the template to ensure that the application settings synchronize settings correctly in a test environment.