Globals

Note

This reference is no longer being maintained. For the latest API reference, see WebView2 API Reference.

Summary

Members Descriptions
CompareBrowserVersions This method is for anyone want to compare version correctly to determine which version is newer, older or same.
CreateCoreWebView2Environment Creates an evergreen WebView2 Environment using the installed Edge version.
CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions DLL export to create a WebView2 environment with a custom version of Edge, user data directory and/or additional options.
GetAvailableCoreWebView2BrowserVersionString Get the browser version info including channel name if it is not the stable channel or the Embedded Edge.

Members

CompareBrowserVersions

public STDAPI CompareBrowserVersions(PCWSTR version1, PCWSTR version2, int * result)

This method is for anyone want to compare version correctly to determine which version is newer, older or same.

It can be used to determine whether to use webview2 or certain feature base on version. Sets the value of result to -1, 0 or 1 if version1 is less than, equal or greater than version2 respectively. Returns E_INVALIDARG if it fails to parse any of the version strings or any input parameter is null. Input can directly use the versionInfo obtained from GetAvailableCoreWebView2BrowserVersionString, channel info will be ignored.

CreateCoreWebView2Environment

public STDAPI CreateCoreWebView2Environment(ICoreWebView2CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentCompletedHandler * environment_created_handler)

Creates an evergreen WebView2 Environment using the installed Edge version.

This is equivalent to calling CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions with nullptr for browserExecutableFolder, userDataFolder, additionalBrowserArguments. See CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions for more details.

CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions

public STDAPI CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions(PCWSTR browserExecutableFolder, PCWSTR userDataFolder, ICoreWebView2EnvironmentOptions * environmentOptions, ICoreWebView2CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentCompletedHandler * environment_created_handler)

DLL export to create a WebView2 environment with a custom version of Edge, user data directory and/or additional options.

The WebView2 environment and all other WebView2 objects are single threaded and have dependencies on Windows components that require COM to be initialized for a single-threaded apartment. The application is expected to call CoInitializeEx before calling CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions.

CoInitializeEx(nullptr, COINIT_APARTMENTTHREADED);

If CoInitializeEx was not called or has been previously called with COINIT_MULTITHREADED, CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions will fail with one of the following errors.

CO_E_NOTINITIALIZED (if CoInitializeEx was not called)
RPC_E_CHANGED_MODE  (if CoInitializeEx was previously called with
                     COINIT_MULTITHREADED)

Use browserExecutableFolder to specify whether WebView2 controls use a fixed or installed version of the WebView2 Runtime that exists on a client machine. To use a fixed version of the WebView2 Runtime, pass the relative path of the folder that contains the fixed version of the WebView2 Runtime to browserExecutableFolder. To create WebView2 controls that use the installed version of the WebView2 Runtime that exists on client machines, pass a null or empty string to browserExecutableFolder. In this scenario, the API tries to find a compatible version of the WebView2 Runtime that is installed on the client machine (first at the machine level, and then per user) using the selected channel preference. The path of fixed version of the WebView2 Runtime should not contain \Edge\Application\. When such a path is used, the API will fail with ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED.

The default channel search order is the WebView2 Runtime, Beta, Dev, and Canary. When there is an override WEBVIEW2_RELEASE_CHANNEL_PREFERENCE environment variable or applicable releaseChannelPreference registry value with the value of 1, the channel search order is reversed.

userDataFolder can be specified to change the default user data folder location for WebView2. The path can be an absolute file path or a relative file path that is interpreted as relative to the current process's executable. Otherwise, for UWP apps, the default user data folder will be the app data folder for the package; for non-UWP apps, the default user data folder {Executable File Name}.WebView2 will be created in the same directory next to the app executable. WebView2 creation can fail if the executable is running in a directory that the process doesn't have permission to create a new folder in. The app is responsible to clean up its user data folder when it is done.

Note that as a browser process might be shared among WebViews, WebView creation will fail with HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_INVALID_STATE) if the specified options does not match the options of the WebViews that are currently running in the shared browser process.

environment_created_handler is the handler result to the async operation which will contain the WebView2Environment that got created.

The browserExecutableFolder, userDataFolder and additionalBrowserArguments of the environmentOptions may be overridden by values either specified in environment variables or in the registry.

When creating a WebView2Environment the following environment variables are checked:

WEBVIEW2_BROWSER_EXECUTABLE_FOLDER
WEBVIEW2_USER_DATA_FOLDER
WEBVIEW2_ADDITIONAL_BROWSER_ARGUMENTS
WEBVIEW2_RELEASE_CHANNEL_PREFERENCE

If an override environment variable is found then we use the browserExecutableFolder and userDataFolder values as replacements for the corresponding values in CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions parameters. If additionalBrowserArguments specified in environment variable or in the registry, it will be appended to the correspinding values in CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions parameters.

While not strictly overrides, there exists additional environment variables that can be set:

WEBVIEW2_WAIT_FOR_SCRIPT_DEBUGGER

When found with a non-empty value, this indicates that the WebView is being launched under a script debugger. In this case, the WebView will issue a Page.waitForDebugger CDP command that will cause script execution inside the WebView to pause on launch, until a debugger issues a corresponding Runtime.runIfWaitingForDebugger CDP command to resume execution. Note: There is no registry key equivalent of this environment variable.

WEBVIEW2_PIPE_FOR_SCRIPT_DEBUGGER

When found with a non-empty value, this indicates that the WebView is being launched under a script debugger that also supports host applications that use multiple WebViews. The value is used as the identifier for a named pipe that will be opened and written to when a new WebView is created by the host application. The payload will match that of the remote-debugging-port JSON target and can be used by the external debugger to attach to a specific WebView instance. The format of the pipe created by the debugger should be: \\.\pipe\WebView2\Debugger\{app_name}\{pipe_name} where:

  • {app_name} is the host application exe filename, e.g. WebView2Example.exe

  • {pipe_name} is the value set for WEBVIEW2_PIPE_FOR_SCRIPT_DEBUGGER.

To enable debugging of the targets identified by the JSON you will also need to set the WEBVIEW2_ADDITIONAL_BROWSER_ARGUMENTS environment variable to send --remote-debugging-port={port_num} where:

  • {port_num} is the port on which the CDP server will bind.

Be aware that setting both the WEBVIEW2_PIPE_FOR_SCRIPT_DEBUGGER and WEBVIEW2_ADDITIONAL_BROWSER_ARGUMENTS environment variables will cause the WebViews hosted in your application and their contents to be exposed to 3rd party applications such as debuggers.

Note: There is no registry key equivalent of this environment variable.

If none of those environment variables exist, then the registry is examined next. The following registry values are checked:

[{Root}]\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Edge\WebView2\browserExecutableFolder
"{AppId}"=""

[{Root}]\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Edge\WebView2\releaseChannelPreference
"{AppId}"=""

[{Root}]\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Edge\WebView2\additionalBrowserArguments
"{AppId}"=""

[{Root}]\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Edge\WebView2\userDataFolder
"{AppId}"=""

browserExecutableFolder and releaseChannelPreference can be configured using group policy under Administrative Templates > Microsoft Edge WebView2. The old registry location will be deprecated soon:

[{Root}\Software\Policies\Microsoft\EmbeddedBrowserWebView\LoaderOverride\{AppId}]
"releaseChannelPreference"=dword:00000000
"browserExecutableFolder"=""
"userDataFolder"=""
"additionalBrowserArguments"=""

In the unlikely scenario where some instances of WebView are open during a browser update we could end up blocking the deletion of old Edge browsers. To avoid running out of disk space a new WebView creation will fail with the next error if it detects that there are many old versions present.

ERROR_DISK_FULL

The default maximum number of Edge versions allowed is 20.

The maximum number of old Edge versions allowed can be overwritten with the value of the following environment variable.

WEBVIEW2_MAX_INSTANCES

If the Webview depends on an installed Edge and it is uninstalled any subsequent creation will fail with the next error

ERROR_PRODUCT_UNINSTALLED

First we check with Root as HKLM and then HKCU. AppId is first set to the Application User Model ID of the caller's process, then if there's no corresponding registry key the AppId is set to the executable name of the caller's process, or if that isn't a registry key then '*'. If an override registry key is found, then we use the browserExecutableFolder and userDataFolder registry values as replacements and append additionalBrowserArguments registry values for the corresponding values in CreateCoreWebView2EnvironmentWithOptions parameters.

GetAvailableCoreWebView2BrowserVersionString

public STDAPI GetAvailableCoreWebView2BrowserVersionString(PCWSTR browserExecutableFolder, LPWSTR * versionInfo)

Get the browser version info including channel name if it is not the stable channel or the Embedded Edge.

Channel names are beta, dev, and canary. If an override exists for the browserExecutableFolder or the channel preference, the override will be used. If there isn't an override, then the parameter passed to GetAvailableCoreWebView2BrowserVersionString is used.