PROCEDURE clause (Microsoft Access SQL)

Applies to: Access 2013, Office 2013

Defines a name and optional parameters for a query.


The PROCEDURE clause has been superseded by the PROCEDURE statement. Although the PROCEDURE clause is still supported, the PROCEDURE statement provides a superset of the capability of the PROCEDURE clause and is the recommended syntax.


PROCEDURE name [param1 datatype[, param2 datatype[, …]]

The PROCEDURE clause has these parts:

Part Description
name A name for the procedure. It must follow standard naming conventions.
param1, param2 One or more field names or parameters. For example:

PROCEDURE Sales_By_Country [Beginning Date] DateTime, [Ending Date] DateTime;

For more information about parameters, see parameters.
datatype One of the primary Microsoft Access SQL data types or their synonyms.


An SQL procedure consists of a PROCEDURE clause (which specifies the name of the procedure), an optional list of parameter definitions, and a single SQL statement. For example, the procedure Get_Part_Number might run a query that retrieves a specified part number.


  • If the clause includes more than one field definition (that is, param-datatype pairs), separate them with commas.
  • The PROCEDURE clause must be followed by an SQL statement (for example, a SELECT or UPDATE statement).


This example names the query CategoryList, and calls the EnumFields procedure, which you can find in the SELECT statement example.

    Sub ProcedureX() 
        Dim dbs As Database, rst As Recordset 
        Dim qdf As QueryDef, strSql As String 
        ' Modify this line to include the path to Northwind 
        ' on your computer. 
        Set dbs = OpenDatabase("Northwind.mdb") 
        strSql = "PROCEDURE CategoryList; " _ 
            & "SELECT DISTINCTROW CategoryName, " _ 
            & "CategoryID FROM Categories " _ 
            & "ORDER BY CategoryName;" 
        ' Create a named QueryDef based on the SQL 
        ' statement. 
        Set qdf = dbs.CreateQueryDef("NewQry", strSql) 
        ' Create a temporary snapshot-type Recordset. 
        Set rst = qdf.OpenRecordset(dbOpenSnapshot) 
        ' Populate the Recordset. 
        ' Call EnumFields to print the contents of the  
        ' Recordset. Pass the Recordset object and desired 
        ' field width. 
        EnumFields rst, 15 
        ' Delete the QueryDef because this is a 
        ' demonstration. 
        dbs.QueryDefs.Delete "NewQry" 
    End Sub