Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo tenant configuration

Before you configure your tenant for Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, be sure you have read Plan for Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo. To follow the steps in this article, you'll need a list of the geo locations that you want to enable as satellite locations, and the test users that you want to provision for those locations.

Add the Multi-Geo Capabilities in your Microsoft 365 plan to your tenant

To use Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, you need the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 plan. Work with your account team to add this plan to your tenant. Your account team will connect you with the appropriate licensing specialist and get your tenant configured.

Note that the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 plan are a user-level service plan. You need a license for each user that you want to host in a satellite location. You can add more licenses over time as you add users in satellite locations.

Once your tenant has been provisioned with the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 plan, the Geo locations tab will become available in the OneDrive and SharePoint admin centers.

Add satellite locations to your tenant

You must add a satellite location for each geo location where you want to store data. Available geo locations are shown in the following table:

Geo location Code eDiscovery data location
Asia-Pacific APC Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Australia AUS Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Canada CAN US datacenters
Europe / Middle East / Africa EUR Europe datacenters
France FRA Europe datacenters
India IND Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Japan JPN Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Korea KOR Southeast or East Asia datacenters
North America NAM US datacenters
South Africa ZAF (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
Switzerland CHE (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
United Arab Emirates ARE (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
United Kingdom GBR Europe datacenters

Screenshot of geo locations page in the SharePoint admin center

To add a satellite location

  1. Open the SharePoint admin center.

  2. Navigate to the Geo locations tab.

  3. Click Add location.

  4. Select the location that you want to add, and then click Next.

  5. Type the domain that you want to use with the geo location, and then click Add.

  6. Click Close.

Provisioning may take from a few hours up to 72 hours, depending on the size of your tenant. Once provisioning of a satellite location has completed, you will receive an email confirmation. When the new geo location appears in blue on the map on the Geo locations tab in the OneDrive admin center, you can proceed to set users' preferred data location to that geo location.

Important

Your new satellite location will be set up with default settings. This will allow you to configure that satellite location as appropriate for your local compliance needs.

Setting users' preferred data location

Once you enable the needed satellite locations, you can update your user accounts to use the appropriate preferred data location. We recommend that you set a preferred data location for every user, even if that user is staying in the central location.

Important

If a user's preferred data location is set to a location that has not been configured as a satellite location or the central location, the system will default to the central location when provisioning OneDrive and SharePoint sites and Group mailboxes.

Tip

We recommend that you begin validations with a test user or small group of users before rolling out multi-geo to your broader organization.

In Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) there are two types of user objects: cloud only users and synchronized users. Please follow the appropriate instructions for your type of user.

Synchronize user's Preferred Data Location using Azure AD Connect

If your company’s users are synchronized from an on-premises Active Directory system to Azure AD, their PreferredDataLocation must be populated in AD and synchronized to Azure AD.

Follow the process in Azure Active Directory Connect sync: Configure preferred data location for Microsoft 365 resources to configure Preferred Data Location sync from your on-premises Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) to Azure AD.

We recommend that you include setting the user's Preferred Data Location as a part of your standard user creation workflow.

Important

For new users with no OneDrive provisioned, wait at least 24 hours after a user's PDL is synchronized to Azure AD for the changes to propagate before the user logs in to OneDrive for Business. (Setting the preferred data location before the user logs in to provision their OneDrive for Business ensures that the user's new OneDrive will be provisioned in the correct location.)

Setting Preferred Data Location for cloud only users

If your company's users are not synchronized from an on-premises Active Directory system to Azure AD, meaning they are created in Microsoft 365 or Azure AD, then the PDL must be set using the Microsoft Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell.

The procedures in this section require the Microsoft Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell Module. If you already have this module installed, please ensure you update to the latest version.

  1. Connect and sign in with a set of global administrator credentials for your tenant.

  2. Use the Set-MsolUser cmdlet to set the preferred data location for each of your users. For example:

    Set-MsolUser -userprincipalName Robyn.Buckley@Contoso.com -PreferredDatalocation EUR

    You can check to confirm that the preferred data location was updated properly by using the Get-MsolUser cmdlet. For example:

    (Get-MsolUser -userprincipalName Robyn.Buckley@Contoso.com).PreferredDatalocation

Screenshot of PowerShell window showing set-msoluser

We recommend that you include setting the user's Preferred Data Location as a part of your standard user creation workflow.

Important

For new users with no OneDrive provisioned, wait at least 24 hours after a user's PDL is set for the changes to propagate before the user logs in to OneDrive. (Setting the preferred data location before the user logs in to provision their OneDrive for Business ensures that the user's new OneDrive will be provisioned in the correct location.)

OneDrive Provisioning and the effect of PDL

If the user already has a OneDrive site created in the tenant, setting their PDL will not automatically move their existing OneDrive. To move a user's OneDrive, see OneDrive for Business Geo Move please follow the instructions in Moving OneDrive between geo locations. (Note that the user's Exchange mailbox does move automatically when you set the user's PDL.)

If the user does not have a OneDrive site within the tenant, OneDrive will be provisioned for them in accordance to their PDL value, assuming the PDL for the user matches one of the company's satellite locations.

Your multi-geo tenant will have aggregate search capabilities allowing a search query to return results from anywhere within the tenant.

By default, searches from these entry points will return aggregate results, even though each search index is located within its relevant geo location:

  • OneDrive for Business

  • Delve

  • SharePoint Home

  • Search Center

Additionally, multi-geo search capabilities can be configured for your custom search applications that use the SharePoint search API.

Please review Configure Search for OneDrive for Business Multi-Geo for instructions including any limitations and differences.

Validating the Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo configuration

Below are some basic use cases you may wish to include in your validation plan before broadly rolling out Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo to your company. Once you have completed these tests and any additional use cases that are relevant to your company, you may choose to move on to adding the users in your initial pilot group.

OneDrive for Business

Select OneDrive from the Microsoft 365 app launcher and confirm that you are automatically directed to the appropriate geo location for the user, based on the user's PDL. OneDrive for Business should now begin provisioning at that location. Once provisioned, try uploading and downloading some documents.

OneDrive Mobile App

Log into your OneDrive mobile App with your test account credentials. Confirm that you can see your OneDrive for Business files and can interact with them from your mobile device.

OneDrive sync client

Confirm that the OneDrive sync client automatically detects your OneDrive for Business geo location upon login. If you need to download the sync client, you can click Sync in the OneDrive library.

Office applications

Confirm that you can access OneDrive for Business by logging in from an Office application, such as Word. Open the Office application and select "OneDrive – ". Office will detect your OneDrive location and show you the files that you can open.

Sharing

Try sharing OneDrive files. Confirm that the people picker shows you all your SharePoint online users regardless of their geo location.