Slicers in Power BI
These visuals can be created and viewed in both Power BI Desktop and the Power BI service. The steps and illustrations in this article are from Power BI Desktop.
Suppose you want your report readers to be able to look at overall sales metrics, but also highlight performance for individual district managers and different time frames. You could create separate reports or comparative charts. Or, you could use slicers. A slicer is an alternate way of filtering that narrows the portion of the dataset shown in the other visualizations in a report.
This tutorial uses the free Retail Analysis Sample to walk you through creating, formatting, and using list and date range slicers. Have fun discovering ways to format and use slicers.
When to use a slicer
Slicers are a great choice when you want to:
- Display commonly used or important filters on the report canvas for easier access.
- Make it easier to see the current filtered state without having to open a drop-down list.
- Filter by columns that are unneeded and hidden in the data tables.
- Create more focused reports by putting slicers next to important visuals.
Power BI slicers don't support:
- Input fields
Create a new slicer to filter data by district manager
Download the Retail Analysis sample PBIX file.
From the Power BI Desktop menu bar, select File > Open.
Browse to the Retail Analysis sample PBIX.pbix file, and then select Open.
On the left pane, select the Report icon to open the file in report view.
On the Overview page, with nothing selected on the report canvas, select the Slicer icon in the Visualizations pane to create a new slicer.
With the new slicer selected, from the Fields pane, select District > DM to populate the slicer.
The new slicer is now populated with a list of district manager names and their selection boxes.
Resize and drag the elements on the canvas to make room for the slicer. Note that if you resize the slicer too small, its items are cut off.
Select names on the slicer and notice the effects on the other visualizations on the page. Select names again to deselect them, or hold down the Ctrl key to select more than one name. Selecting all names has the same effect as selecting none.
Alternately, select Format (paint roller icon) in the Visualizations pane to format your slicer.
There are too many options to describe them all here; experiment and create a slicer that works for you. In the following image, the first slicer has a horizontal orientation and colored backgrounds for the items. The second slicer has a vertical orientation and colored text for a more standard look.
Slicer list items are sorted in ascending order, by default. To reverse the sort order to descending, select the ellipsis (...) in the top right corner of the slicer and choose Sort descending.
Create a new slicer to filter data by date range
Select the Overview page of the report. With nothing selected on the report canvas, in the Fields pane, select Store > OpenDate.
This action populates the Values box in the Visualizations pane to create a new visualization.
With the new visualization selected in the report, select the Slicer icon in the Visualizations pane to convert the new visualization to a slicer. This OpenDate slicer is a slider control with the date range populated.
Resize and drag the slicer and the other elements on the canvas to make room for the slicer. Although the slider resizes with the slicer size, it disappears and the dates are cut off if you resize the slicer too small.
Select different date ranges with the slider, or select a date field to enter a date or pop up a calendar for more precise selection. Note the effects on the other visualizations on the page.
Numeric and date/time data types produce range slider slicers by default. Starting with the February 2018 Power BI update, whole number data type range sliders now snap to whole number values rather than showing decimal places.
To change the slicer type, with the slicer selected, hover over the upper-right area of the slicer, select the carat icon that appears, and choose one of the options, such as List or Before. Notice how the slicer appearance and selection options change.
For more information about creating date and numeric range slicers, watch the following video and see Use the numeric range slicer in Power BI Desktop.
This video uses an older version of Power BI Desktop.
Control which page visuals are affected by slicers
By default, slicers on report pages affect all the other visualizations on that page, including each other. As you choose values in the list and date sliders you just created, notice the effects on the other visualizations. The filtered data is an intersection of the values selected in both slicers.
Use visual interactions to exclude some page visualizations from being affected by others. On the Overview page, the Total Sales Variance by FiscalMonth and District Manager chart shows overall comparative data for district managers by month, which you want to keep visible at all times. Use visual interactions to keep slicer selections from filtering this chart.
Go to the Overview page of the report, and then select the DM slicer you previously created.
On the Power BI Desktop menu, select the Format menu under Visual Tools, and then select Edit interactions.
Filter controls , each with a Filter and a None option, appear above all the visuals on the page. Initially, the Filter option is preselected on all the controls.
Select the None option in the filter control above the Total Sales Variance by FiscalMonth and District Manager chart to stop the DM slicer from filtering it.
Select the OpenDate slicer, and then select the None option above the Total Sales Variance by FiscalMonth and District Manager chart to stop this slicer from filtering it.
Now, as you select names and date ranges in the slicers, the Total Sales Variance by FiscalMonth and District Manager chart is unchanged.
For more information about editing interactions, see Change how visuals interact in a Power BI report.
Sync and use slicers on other pages
Starting with the February 2018 Power BI update, you can sync a slicer and use it on any or all pages in a report.
In the current report, the District Monthly Sales page has a District Manager slicer, but what if we also wanted that slicer on the New Stores page? The New Stores page has a slicer, but it provides only Store Name information. With the Sync slicers pane, you can sync the District Manager slicer to these pages, so that slicer selections on any page affect visualizations on all three pages.
On the Power BI Desktop View menu, select Sync slicers.
The Sync slicers pane appears between the Filters and Visualizations panes.
On the District Monthly Sales page of the report, select the District Manager slicer.
Because you've already created a District Manager (DM) slicer on the Overview page, the Sync slicers pane appears as follows:
In the Sync column of the Sync slicers pane, select the Overview, District Monthly Sales, and New Stores pages.
This selection causes the District Monthly Sales slicer to sync across these three pages.
In the Visible column of the Sync slicers pane, select the New Stores page.
This selection causes the District Monthly Sales slicer to be visible in these three pages. The Sync slicers pane now appears as follows:
Observe the effects of syncing the slicer and making it visible on the other pages. On the District Monthly Sales page, notice that the District Manager slicer now shows the same selections as on the Overview page. On the New Stores page, the District Manager slicer is now visible and it selections affect the selections that are visible in the Store Name slicer.
Although the slicer initially appears on the synced pages at the same size and position as on the original page, you can move, resize, and format synced slicers on the various pages independently.
If you sync a slicer to a page but don't make it visible on that page, slicer selections made on the other pages still filter the data on the page.
Different formatting options are available, depending on the slicer type. By using Horizontal orientation, Responsive layout, and Item coloring, you can produce buttons or tiles rather than standard list items, and make slicer items resize to fit different screen sizes and layouts.
With the District Manager slicer selected on any page, in the Visualizations pane, select the Format icon to display the formatting controls.
Select the drop-down arrows next to each category to display and edit the options.
Under Format, select General, select a red color under Outline color, and then change Outline weight to 2.
This setting changes the color and thickness of the header and item outlines and underlines.
For Orientation, Vertical is selected by default. Select Horizontal to produce a slicer with horizontally arranged tiles or buttons, and scroll arrows to access items that don't fit in the slicer.
Turn On the Responsive layout to change the size and arrangement of slicer items according to the view screen and slicer size.
For list slicers, responsive layout prevents items from being cut off on small screens. It's available only in horizontal orientations. For range slider slicers, responsive formatting changes the style of the slider and provides more flexible resizing. Both types of slicers become filter icons at small sizes.
Responsive layout changes can override specific heading and item formatting that you set.
Under X Position, Y Position, Width, and Height, set the slicer position and size with numeric precision, or move and resize the slicer directly on the canvas.
Experiment with different item sizes and arrangements, and note how the responsive formatting changes accordingly. These options are available only when you select horizontal orientations.
For more information about horizontal orientations and responsive layouts, see Create a responsive slicer you can resize in Power BI.
Selection controls options (list slicers only)
Under Selection controls, turn Show "Select all" option to On to add a Select All item to the slicer.
Show "Select all" option is Off by default. When enabled, this option, when toggled, selects or deselects all items. If you select all items, selecting an item deselects it, allowing an is-not type of filter.
Turn Single select to Off to allow you to select multiple items without needing to hold down the Ctrl key.
Single select is On by default. Selecting an item selects it, and holding down the Ctrl key selects multiple items. Selecting item again deselects it.
Title is On by default. This selection shows the data field name at the top of the slicer.
- For this tutorial, format the title text as follows:
- Font color: red
- Text size: 14 pt
- Alignment: Center
- Font family: Arial Black
Items options (list slicers only)
For this tutorial, format the Items options as follows:
- Font color: black
- Background: light red
- Text size: 10 pt
- Font family: Arial
For Outline, choose Frame to draw a border around each item with the size and color you set under the General options.
- With General > Orientation > Horizontal selected, deselected items show the chosen text and background colors, while selected items use the system default, usually black background with white text.
- With General > Orientation > Vertical selected, items always show the selected colors, and check boxes are always black when selected.
Date/numeric inputs and slider options (range slider slicers only)
- For list slicers, date/numeric input options are the same as Items options except that there's no outline or underline options.
- Slider options allow you to set the color of the range slider, or turn the slider to Off, leaving only the numeric inputs.
Other formatting options
The other formatting options are Off by default. Turn On these options to control them:
- Background: Add a background color to the slicer and sets its transparency.
- Lock aspect: Retain the shape of the slicer if it's resized.
- Border: Add a border around the slicer and sets its color. This slicer border is separate from and unaffected by the General settings.
For more information, see the following articles: