Text function in PowerApps

Converts any value and formats a number or date/time value to a string of text.

Description

The Text function formats a number or a date/time value based on one of these types of arguments:

  • A predefined date/time format, which you specify by using the DateTimeFormat enumeration. For dates and times, this approach is preferred as it automatically adjusts to each user's language and region.
  • A custom format, which comprises a string of placeholders that define, for example, whether numbers show a decimal separator and dates show the full name of the month, the month as an abbreviation, or the month as a number. PowerApps supports a subset of the placeholders that Microsoft Excel does. In this string, the language placeholder specifies the language in which to interpret the other placeholders. If the custom format includes a period, for example, the language-format placeholder specifies whether the period is a decimal separator (ja-JP) or a thousands separator (es-ES).

See working with dates and times for more information.

The Text function can also convert any data type to a text representation using a default format. Use this to pass non-text values to text-based functions such as Len, Right, and IsMatch.

Predefined date/time formats

Predefined Format Description
DateTimeFormat.LongDate Full year, month, day of the month, and day of the week. The names of the month and the day of the week aren't abbreviated.
DateTimeFormat.LongDateTime Full year, month, day of the month, and day of the week, plus hour (12-hour clock), minutes, seconds, and AM/PM designation. The names of the month and the day of the week aren't abbreviated.
DateTimeFormat.LongDateTime24 Full year, month, day of the month, and day of the week, plus hour (24-hour clock), minutes, and seconds. The names of the month and the day of the week aren't abbreviated.
DateTimeFormat.LongTime Hour (12-hour clock), minutes, seconds, and AM/PM designation. Same as ShortTime.
DateTimeFormat.LongTime24 Hour (24-hour clock), minutes, seconds. Same as ShortTime24.
DateTimeFormat.ShortDate Four-digit year with two-digit month and day of the month.
DateTimeFormat.ShortDateTime Four-digit year with two-digit month and day of the month, plus hour (12-hour clock), minutes, seconds, and AM/PM designation.
DateTimeFormat.ShortDateTime24 Four-digit year with two-digit month and day of the month, plus hour (24-hour clock), minutes, and seconds.
DateTimeFormat.ShortTime Hour (12-hour clock), minutes, seconds, and AM/PM designation. Same as LongTime.
DateTimeFormat.ShortTime24 Hour (24-hour clock), minutes, and seconds. Same as LongTime24.
DateTimeFormat.UTC The date/time value is converted to UTC based on the current user's time zone and formatted according to the ISO 8601 standard.

Number placeholders

Placeholder Description
0 (zero) Displays insignificant zeros if a number has fewer digits than there are zeros in the format. For example, use the format #.00 if you want to display 8.9 as 8.90.
# Follows the same rules as the 0 (zero). However, Text doesn't return extra zeros when the number has fewer digits on either side of the decimal than there are # symbols in the format. For example, 8.9 is displayed if the custom format is #.## and the number to format is 8.9.
. (period) Displays the decimal point in a number. Depends on the language of the custom format; see global apps for more details.
, (comma) Displays the grouping separator in a number, often used for thousands. Text separates groups by commas if the format contains a comma that's enclosed by number signs (#) or by zeros. Depends on the language of the custom format; see global apps for more details.

If a number has more digits to the right of the decimal point than there are placeholders in the format, the number rounds to as many decimal places as there are placeholders. If there are more digits to the left of the decimal point than there are placeholders, the extra digits are displayed. If the format contains only number signs (#) to the left of the decimal point, numbers less than 1 start with a decimal point (for example, .47).

Date and time placeholders

Placeholder Description
m Displays the month as a number without a leading zero.
mm Displays the month as a number with a leading zero when appropriate.
mmm Displays the month as an abbreviation (Jan to Dec).
mmmm Displays the month as a full name (January to December).
d Displays the day as a number without a leading zero.
dd Displays the day as a number with a leading zero when appropriate.
ddd Displays the day as an abbreviation (Sun to Sat).
dddd Displays the day as a full name (Sunday to Saturday).
yy Displays the year as a two-digit number.
yyyy Displays the year as a four-digit number.
h Displays the hour as a number without a leading zero.
hh Displays the hour as a number with a leading zero when appropriate. If the format contains AM or PM, the hour is shown based on the 12-hour clock. Otherwise, the hour is shown based on the 24-hour clock.
m Displays the minute as a number without a leading zero.

This placeholder must appear immediately after the h or hh code or immediately before the ss code; otherwise, Text returns the month instead of minutes.
mm Displays the minute as a number with a leading zero when appropriate.

This placeholder must appear immediately after the h or hh placeholder or immediately before the ss placeholder. Otherwise, Text returns the month instead of minutes.
s Displays the second as a number without a leading zero.
ss Displays the second as a number with a leading zero when appropriate.
f Displays the fractions of seconds.
AM/PM, a/p Displays the hour based on a 12-hour clock. Text returns "AM" or "a" for times from midnight until noon and "PM" or "p" for times from noon until midnight

Literal placeholders

You can include any of these characters in your format string. They will appear in the result of Text as is. Additional characters are reserved for future placeholders, so you shouldn't use them.

Character Description
Any currency symbol Dollar sign, cents sign, euro sign, etc.
+ Plus sign
( Left parenthesis
: Colon
^ Circumflex accent (caret)
' Apostrophe
{ Left curly bracket
< Less-than sign
= Equal sign
- Minus sign
/ Slash mark
) Right parenthesis
& Ampersand
~ Tilde
} Right curly bracket
> Greater-than sign
  Space character

Global apps

The Text function is globally aware. For a wide array of languages, it knows how to properly write out dates, times, currencies, and numbers. To do its job, it needs two pieces of information:

  • The language of the custom format: For makers, how should a custom format be interpreted? The separator characters (. and ,) have different meanings in different languages. If you specify a custom format, you can include a language placeholder or take the default value, which reflects the language to which your device is set. Even easier, you can use one of the predefined date/time formats, which are language agnostic.
  • The language of the result: For users, in what language should the function result appear? Names of months and weekdays must be in the appropriate language for the user of the app, which you can specify by adding a third, optional argument to the Text function.

For both, you specify the language by using a language tag. To see the list of supported languages, type Text( 1234, "", ) in the formula bar or the Advanced tab of the right-hand pane, and then scroll through the list of locales suggested for the third argument.

Language placeholder

To specify the language of the custom format, use:

Placeholder Description
[$-LanguageTag] LanguageTag is a language tag as returned from the Language function. It can specify just the language (such as [$-en] for English), or it can also specify the region (such as [$-en-GB] to further specify Great Britain).

The language placeholder can appear anywhere in the custom format but only once.

If you specify a custom format without a language placeholder and the format is ambiguous from a global standpoint, the language tag for your current language is inserted automatically.

[$-en-US] is assumed if this placeholder isn't present when your app is run.

Note

In a future version, the syntax of this placeholder may change to avoid confusion with a similar, but different, placeholder that Excel supports.

Result language tag

The result of Text includes translated strings for months, weekdays, and AM/PM designations, as well as the appropriate group and decimal separators.

By default, Text uses the language of the user running the app. The Language function returns the language tag for the current user. You can override this default value by supplying a language tag for the third argument to Text.

Syntax

Text( NumberOrDateTime, DateTimeFormatEnum [, ResultLanguageTag ] )

  • NumberOrDateTime - Required. The number or the date/time value to format.
  • DateTimeFormat - Required. A member of the DateTimeFormat enumeration.
  • ResultLanguageTag - Optional. The language tag to use for the result text. By default, the language of the current user is used.

Text( NumberOrDateTime, CustomFormat [, ResultLanguageTag ] )

  • Number - Required. The number or the date/time value to format.
  • CustomFormat - Required. One or more placeholders enclosed in double quotation marks.
  • ResultLanguageTag - Optional. The language tag to use for the result text. By default, the language of the current user is used.

Text( AnyValue )

  • AnyValue - Required. Value to convert to a text representation. A default format is used.

Examples

Unless otherwise specified, the user running these formulas is located in the United States and has selected English as their language. The Language function is returning "en-US".

Number

Formula Description Result
Text( 1234.59, "####.#" ) Formats the number with one decimal place. "1234.6"
Text( 8.9, "#.000" ) Pads the decimal portion of the number with trailing zeros, if needed. "8.900"
Text( 0.631, "0.#" ) Pads the whole portion of the number with leading zeros, if needed. "0.6"
Text( 12, "#.0#" )
Text( 1234.568, "#.0#" )
Pads the decimal portion of the number with zeros for one decimal place, and includes a second decimal place if supplied. "12.0"
"1234.57"
Text( 12000, "$ #,###" )
Text( 1200000, "$ #,###" )
Places a thousands separator every three digits, and includes a currency symbol. "$ 12,000"
"$ 1,200,000"

Date/Time

  • At 2:37:47 PM on Monday, November 23, 2015
  • United States Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)
Formula Description Result
Text( Now(), DateTimeFormat.LongDate ) Formats as a long date string, in the language and locale of the current user. "Monday, November 23, 2015"
Text( Now(), DateTimeFormat.LongDateTime ) Formats as a long date and time string, in the language and locale of the current user, using a 12-hour clock. "Monday, November 23, 2015 2:37:47 PM"
Text( Now(), DateTimeFormat.LongTime24 ) Formats as a long time string, using a 24-hour clock. "14:37:47"
Text( Now(), DateTimeFormat.ShortDate ) Formats as a short date string, in the language and locale of the current user. "11/23/2015"
Text( Now(), "d-mmm-yy" ) Formats using placeholder characters:
  • d for a single-digit or double-digit day of the month
  • - as a literal character copied to the result
  • mmm for a three-letter abbreviation of the month
  • - as another literal character copied to the result
  • yy for a two-digit abbreviation of the year
"23-Nov-15"

Global apps

Formula Description Result
Text(1234567.89, "[$-fr-FR]# ###,## €", "fr-FR") Shows a space as a grouping separator, the comma as a decimal separator, and as the currency symbol. "1 234 567,89 €"
Text(1234567,89; "[$-fr-FR]# ###,## €") If the source data follows the French custom of using a comma as the decimal separator, you must change your locale to French and separate the arguments with a semi-colon instead of a comma to get the same result as above. "1 234 567,89 €"
Text( Date(2016,1,31), "dddd mmmm d" ) Returns the weekday, month, and day of the month in the language of the current user. Because none of the placeholders are language dependent, there is no need for a format text language tag. "Saturday January 31"
Text( Date(2016,1,31), "dddd mmmm d", "es-ES" ) Returns the weekday, month, and day of the month in the "es-ES" language. "domingo enero 31"

Converting values to text

Formula Description Result
Text( 1234567.89 ) Converts a number to a string. There are no thousands separators or control over the number of digits before or after the decimal separator; for more control, supply number placeholders as the second argument. "1234567.89"
Text( DateTimeValue( "01/04/2003" ) ) Converts a date/time value to a string of text. To control the conversion, provide either a member of the DateTimeFormat enumeration or a custom-format string. "1/4/2003 12:00 AM"
Text( true ) Converts a Boolean value to a string. "true"
Text( GUID() ) Converts a generated GUID value to a string. "f8b10550-0f12-4f08-9aa3-bb10958bc3ff"
Left( Text( GUID() ), 4 ) Returns the first four characters of a generated GUID. "2d9c"