Get-Date

Gets the current date and time.

Syntax

Get-Date
   [[-Date] <datetime>]
   [-Year <int>]
   [-Month <int>]
   [-Day <int>]
   [-Hour <int>]
   [-Minute <int>]
   [-Second <int>]
   [-Millisecond <int>]
   [-DisplayHint <DisplayHintType>]
   [-Format <string>]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Get-Date
   [[-Date] <datetime>]
   [-Year <int>]
   [-Month <int>]
   [-Day <int>]
   [-Hour <int>]
   [-Minute <int>]
   [-Second <int>]
   [-Millisecond <int>]
   [-DisplayHint <DisplayHintType>]
   [-UFormat <string>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Get-Date cmdlet gets a DateTime object that represents the current date or a date that you specify. Get-Date can format the date and time in several .NET and UNIX formats. You can use Get-Date to generate a date or time character string, and then send the string to other cmdlets or programs.

Get-Date uses the computer's culture settings to determine how the output is formatted. To view your computer's settings, use (Get-Culture).DateTimeFormat.

Examples

Example 1: Get the current date and time

In this example, Get-Date displays the current system date and time. The output is in the long-date and long-time formats.

Get-Date

Tuesday, June 25, 2019 14:53:32

Example 2: Get elements of the current date and time

This example shows how to use Get-Date to get either the date or time element. The parameter uses the arguments Date, Time, or DateTime.

Get-Date -DisplayHint Date

Tuesday, June 25, 2019

Get-Date uses the DisplayHint parameter with the Date argument to get only the date.

Example 3: Get the date and time with a .NET format specifier

In this example, a .NET format specifier is used to customize the output's format. The output is a String object.

Get-Date -Format "dddd MM/dd/yyyy HH:mm K"

Tuesday 06/25/2019 16:17 -07:00

Get-Date uses the Format parameter to specify several format specifiers.

The .NET format specifiers used in this example are defined as follows:

Specifier Definition
dddd Day of the week - full name
MM Month number
dd Day of the month - 2 digits
yyyy Year in 4-digit format
HH:mm Time in 24-hour format -no seconds
K Time zone offset from Universal Time Coordinate (UTC)

For more information about .NET format specifiers, see Custom date and time format strings.

Example 4: Get the date and time with a UFormat specifier

In this example, several UFormat format specifiers are used to customize the output's format. The output is a String object.

Get-Date -UFormat "%A %m/%d/%Y %R %Z"

Tuesday 06/25/2019 16:19 -07

Get-Date uses the UFormat parameter to specify several format specifiers.

The UFormat format specifiers used in this example are defined as follows:

Specifier Definition
%A Day of the week - full name
%m Month number
%d Day of the month - 2 digits
%Y Year in 4-digit format
%R Time in 24-hour format -no seconds
%Z Time zone offset from Universal Time Coordinate (UTC)

For a list of valid UFormat format specifiers, see the Notes section.

Example 5: Get a date's day of the year

In this example, a property is used to get the numeric day of the year.

The Gregorian calendar has 365 days, except for leap years that have 366 days. For example, December 31, 2020 is day 366.

(Get-Date -Year 2020 -Month 12 -Day 31).DayOfYear

366

Get-Date uses three parameters to specify the date: Year, Month, and Day. The command is wrapped with parentheses so that the result is evaluated by the DayofYear property.

Example 6: Check if a date is adjusted for daylight savings time

This example uses a boolean method to verify if a date is adjusted by daylight savings time.

$DST = Get-Date
$DST.IsDaylightSavingTime()

True

A variable, $DST stores the result of Get-Date. $DST uses the IsDaylightSavingTime method to test if the date is adjusted for daylight savings time.

Example 7: Convert the current time to UTC time

In this example, the current time is converted to UTC time. The UTC offset for the system's locale is used to convert the time. A table in the Notes section lists the valid UFormat format specifiers.

Get-Date -UFormat "%A %B/%d/%Y %T %Z"
$Time = Get-Date
$Time.ToUniversalTime()

Wednesday June/26/2019 10:45:26 -07

Wednesday, June 26, 2019 17:45:26

Get-Date uses the UFormat parameter with format specifiers to display the current system date and time. The format specifier %Z represents the UTC offset of -07.

The $Time variable stores the current system date and time. $Time uses the ToUniversalTime() method to convert the time based on the computer's UTC offset.

Example 8: Create a timestamp

In this example, a format specifier creates a timestamp String object for a directory name. The timestamp includes the date, time, and UTC offset.

$timestamp = Get-Date -Format o | ForEach-Object { $_ -replace ":", "." }
New-Item -Path C:\Test\$timestamp -Type Directory

Directory: C:\Test

Mode                LastWriteTime         Length Name
----                -------------         ------ ----
d-----         6/27/2019    07:59                2019-06-27T07.59.24.4603750-07.00

The $timestamp variable stores the results of a Get-Date command. Get-Date uses the Format parameter with the format specifier of lowercase o to create a timestamp String object. The object is sent down the pipeline to ForEach-Object. A ScriptBlock contains the $_ variable that represents the current pipeline object. The timestamp string is delimited by colons that are replaced by periods.

New-Item uses the Path parameter to specify the location for a new directory. The path includes the $timestamp variable as the directory name. The Type parameter specifies that a directory is created.

Parameters

-Date

Specifies a date and time. Time is optional and if not specified, returns 00:00:00.

Enter the date and time in a format that is standard for the system locale.

For example, in US English:

Get-Date -Date "6/25/2019 12:30:22" returns Tuesday, June 25, 2019 12:30:22

Type:DateTime
Aliases:LastWriteTime
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Day

Specifies the day of the month that is displayed. Enter a value from 1 to 31.

If the specified value is greater than the number of days in a month, PowerShell adds the number of days to the month. For example, Get-Date -Month 2 -Day 31 displays March 3, not February 31.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DisplayHint

Determines which elements of the date and time are displayed.

The accepted values are as follows:

  • Date: displays only the date
  • Time: displays only the time
  • DateTime: displays the date and time
Type:DisplayHintType
Accepted values:Date, Time, DateTime
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Format

Displays the date and time in the Microsoft .NET Framework format indicated by the format specifier. The Format parameter outputs a String object.

For a list of available .NET format specifiers, see Custom date and time format strings.

When the Format parameter is used, Get-Date only gets the DateTime object's properties necessary to display the date. As a result, some of the properties and methods of DateTime objects might not be available.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Hour

Specifies the hour that is displayed. Enter a value from 0 to 23.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Millisecond

Specifies the milliseconds in the date. Enter a value from 0 to 999.

This parameter was introduced in PowerShell 3.0.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Minute

Specifies the minute that is displayed. Enter a value from 0 to 59.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Month

Specifies the month that is displayed. Enter a value from 1 to 12.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Second

Specifies the second that is displayed. Enter a value from 0 to 59.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-UFormat

Displays the date and time in UNIX format. The UFormat parameter outputs a string object.

UFormat specifiers are preceded by a percent sign (%), for example, %m, %d, and %Y. The Notes section contains a table of valid UFormat specifiers.

When the UFormat parameter is used, Get-Date only gets the DateTime object's properties necessary to display the date. As a result, some of the properties and methods of DateTime objects might not be available.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Year

Specifies the year that is displayed. Enter a value from 1 to 9999.

Type:Int
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

Pipeline input

Get-Date accepts pipeline input. For example, Get-ChildItem | Get-Date.

Outputs

System.DateTime or System.String

Get-Date returns a DateTime object except when the Format and UFormat parameters are used. The Format or UFormat parameters return String objects.

When a DateTime object is sent down the pipeline to a cmdlet such as Add-Content that expects string input, PowerShell converts the object to a String object.

The method (Get-Date).ToString() converts a DateTime object a String object.

To display an object's properties and methods, send the object down the pipeline to Get-Member. For example, Get-Date | Get-Member.

Notes

DateTime objects are in long-date and long-time formats for the system locale.

The valid UFormat specifiers are displayed in the following table:

Format specifier Meaning Example
%A Day of the week - full name Monday
%a Day of the week - abbreviated name Mon
%B Month name - full January
%b Month name - abbreviated Jan
%C Century 20 for 2019
%c Date and time - abbreviated Thu Jun 27 08:44:18 2019
%D Date in mm/dd/yy format 06/27/19
%d Day of the month - 2 digits 05
%e Day of the month - digit preceded by a space <space>5
%F Date in YYYY-mm-dd format, equal to %Y-%m-%d (the ISO 8601 date format) 2019-06-27
%G Same as 'Y'
%g Same as 'y'
%H Hour in 24-hour format 17
%h Same as 'b'
%I Hour in 12-hour format 05
%j Day of the year 1-366
%k Same as 'H'
%l Same as 'I' (Upper-case I) 05
%M Minutes 35
%m Month number 06
%n newline character
%p AM or PM
%R Time in 24-hour format -no seconds 17:45
%r Time in 12-hour format 09:15:36 AM
%S Seconds 05
%s Seconds elapsed since January 1, 1970 00:00:00 1150451174.95705
%t Horizontal tab character
%T Time in 24-hour format 17:45:52
%U Same as 'W'
%u Day of the week - number Monday = 1
%V Week of the year 01-53
%w Same as 'u'
%W Week of the year 00-52
%X Same as 'T'
%x Date in standard format for locale 06/27/19 for English-US
%Y Year in 4-digit format 2019
%y Year in 2-digit format 19
%Z Time zone offset from Universal Time Coordinate (UTC) -07