New-MapiVirtualDirectory

This cmdlet is available only in on-premises Exchange.

Use the New-MapiVirtualDirectory cmdlet to create Messaging Application Programming Interface (MAPI) virtual directories that are used in Internet Information Services (IIS) on Microsoft Exchange servers. A MAPI virtual directory is used by supported versions of Microsoft Outlook to connect to mailboxes by using the MAPIHTTP protocol.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Exchange cmdlet syntax (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/bb123552.aspx).

Syntax

New-MapiVirtualDirectory
   [-Confirm]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-ExternalUrl <Uri>]
   [-IISAuthenticationMethods <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-InternalUrl <Uri>]
   [-Server <ServerIdParameter>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [-WebSiteName <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although this topic lists all parameters for the cmdlet, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To find the permissions required to run any cmdlet or parameter in your organization, see Find the permissions required to run any Exchange cmdlet (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/mt432940.aspx).

Examples

-------------------------- Example 1 --------------------------

New-MapiVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl https://contoso.com/mapi -IISAuthenticationMethods NTLM,Negotiate,OAuth

This example creates a new MAPI virtual directory that has the following configuration:

Optional Parameters

-Confirm

The Confirm switch specifies whether to show or hide the confirmation prompt. How this switch affects the cmdlet depends on if the cmdlet requires confirmation before proceeding.

  • Destructive cmdlets (for example, Remove-* cmdlets) have a built-in pause that forces you to acknowledge the command before proceeding. For these cmdlets, you can skip the confirmation prompt by using this exact syntax: -Confirm:$false.

  • Most other cmdlets (for example, New-* and Set-* cmdlets) don't have a built-in pause. For these cmdlets, specifying the Confirm switch without a value introduces a pause that forces you acknowledge the command before proceeding.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-DomainController

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

Type:Fqdn
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-ExternalUrl

The ExternalURL parameter specifies the URL that's used to connect to the virtual directory from outside the firewall.

This setting enforces the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol and uses the default SSL port. Valid input for this parameter uses the syntax https://<Domain Name>/mapi.

When you use the InternalUrl or ExternalUrl parameters, you need to specify one or more authentication values by using the IISAuthenticationMethods parameter.

Type:Uri
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-IISAuthenticationMethods

The IISAuthenticationMethods parameter specifies the authentication methods that are enabled on the virtual directory in Internet Information Services (IIS). Valid values for this parameter are:

  • Basic

  • Negotiate

  • NTLM

  • OAuth

You can specify multiple values separated by commas.

The default values are NTLM, OAuth, and Negotiate. We recommend that you always have the virtual directory configured for OAuth.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-InternalUrl

The InternalURL parameter specifies the URL that's used to connect to the virtual directory from inside the firewall.

This setting enforces the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol and uses the default SSL port. Valid input for this parameter uses the syntax https://<Domain Name>/mapi.

When you use the InternalUrl or ExternalUrl parameters, you need to specify one or more authentication values by using the IISAuthenticationMethods parameter.

Type:Uri
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Server

The Server parameter specifies the Exchange server that hosts the virtual directory. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the server. For example:

  • Name

  • FQDN

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • ExchangeLegacyDN

Type:ServerIdParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-WebSiteName

The WebSiteName parameter specifies the name of the IIS website under which the virtual directory is created. You don't need to use this parameter to create the virtual directory under the default website.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-WhatIf

The WhatIf switch simulates the actions of the command. You can use this switch to view the changes that would occur without actually applying those changes. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019

Inputs

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkId=616387). If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn't accept input data.

Outputs

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkId=616387). If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn't return data.