Set-MapiVirtualDirectory

This cmdlet is available only in on-premises Exchange.

Use the Set-MapiVirtualDirectory cmdlet to modify Messaging Application Programming Interface (MAPI) virtual directories that are used in Internet Information Services (IIS) on Microsoft Exchange servers. A MAPI virtual directory is used by supported versions of Microsoft Outlook to connect to mailboxes by using the MAPIHTTP protocol.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Exchange cmdlet syntax (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/bb123552.aspx).

Syntax

Set-MapiVirtualDirectory
   [-Identity] <VirtualDirectoryIdParameter>
   [-ApplyDefaults <$true | $false>]
   [-Confirm]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-ExtendedProtectionFlags <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-ExtendedProtectionSPNList <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking <None | Allow | Require>]
   [-ExternalUrl <Uri>]
   [-IISAuthenticationMethods <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-InternalUrl <Uri>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although this topic lists all parameters for the cmdlet, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To find the permissions required to run any cmdlet or parameter in your organization, see Find the permissions required to run any Exchange cmdlet (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/mt432940.aspx).

Examples

-------------------------- Example 1 --------------------------

Set-MapiVirtualDirectory -Identity "ContosoMail\mapi (Default Web Site)" -InternalUrl https://contoso.com/mapi -IISAuthenticationMethods NTLM,Negotiate,OAuth

This example makes the following configuration changes to the MAPI virtual directory on the default web site of the server named ContosoMail:

  • Internal URL: https://contoso/mapi.

  • IIS authentication methods: NTLM, Negotiate, and OAuth.

Parameters

-ApplyDefaults

The ApplyDefaults switch specifies whether to apply the correct defaults to the related internal IIS application settings. Typically, this switch is used only by Exchange setup during the installation of Exchange Cumulative Updates or Service Packs and you shouldn't need to use it.

This switch doesn't affect the values you configure by using the IISAuthenticationMethods, InternalUrl or ExternalUrl parameters.

Type:$true | $false
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Confirm

The Confirm switch specifies whether to show or hide the confirmation prompt. How this switch affects the cmdlet depends on if the cmdlet requires confirmation before proceeding.

  • Destructive cmdlets (for example, Remove-* cmdlets) have a built-in pause that forces you to acknowledge the command before proceeding. For these cmdlets, you can skip the confirmation prompt by using this exact syntax: -Confirm:$false.

  • Most other cmdlets (for example, New-* and Set-* cmdlets) don't have a built-in pause. For these cmdlets, specifying the Confirm switch without a value introduces a pause that forces you acknowledge the command before proceeding.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-DomainController

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

Type:Fqdn
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-ExtendedProtectionFlags

This parameter is available only in Exchange 2013.

The ExtendedProtectionFlags parameter specifies custom settings for Extended Protection for Authentication on the virtual directory. Valid values are:

  • None: This is the default setting.

  • AllowDotlessSPN: Required if you want to use Service Principal Name (SPN) values that don't contain FQDNs (for example, HTTP/ContosoMail instead of HTTP/mail.contoso.com). You specify SPNs with the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter. This setting makes Extended Protection for Authentication less secure because dotless certificates aren't unique, so it isn't possible to ensure that the client-to-proxy connection was established over a secure channel.

  • NoServiceNameCheck: The SPN list isn't checked to validate a channel binding token. This setting makes Extended Protection for Authentication less secure. We generally don't recommend this setting.

  • Proxy: A proxy server is responsible for terminating the SSL channel. To use this setting, you need to register an SPN by using the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter.

  • ProxyCoHosting: HTTP and HTTPS traffic may be accessing the virtual directory, and a proxy server is located between at least some of the clients and the Client Access services on the Exchange server.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013
-ExtendedProtectionSPNList

This parameter is available only in Exchange 2013.

The ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter specifies a list of valid Service Principal Names (SPNs) if you're using Extended Protection for Authentication on the virtual directory. Valid values are:

  • $null: This is the default value.

  • Single SPN or comma delimited list of valid SPNs: The SPN value format is <protocol>/<FQDN>. For example, HTTP/mail.contoso.com. To add an SPN that's not an FQDN (for example, HTTP/ContosoMail), you also need to use the AllowDotlessSPN value for the ExtendedProtectionFlags parameter.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013
-ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking

This parameter is available only in Exchange 2013.

The ExtendedProtectionTokenChecking parameter defines how you want to use Extended Protection for Authentication on the virtual directory. Extended Protection for Authentication isn't enabled by default. Valid values are:

  • None: Extended Protection for Authentication isn't be used on the virtual directory. This is the default value.

  • Allow: Extended Protection for Authentication is used for connections between clients and the virtual directory if both the client and server support it. Connections that don't support Extended Protection for Authentication will work, but may not be as secure as connections that use Extended Protection for Authentication.

  • Require: Extended Protection for Authentication is used for all connections between clients and the virtual directory. If either the client or server doesn't support it, the connection will fail. If you use this value, you also need to set an SPN value for the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter.

Note:

If you use the value Allow or Require, and you have a proxy server between the client and the Client Access services on the Mailbox server that's configured to terminate the client-to-proxy SSL channel, you also need to configure one or more Service Principal Names (SPNs) by using the ExtendedProtectionSPNList parameter.

Type:None | Allow | Require
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013
-ExternalUrl

The ExternalURL parameter specifies the URL that's used to connect to the virtual directory from outside the firewall.

This setting enforces the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol and uses the default SSL port. Valid input for this parameter uses the syntax https://<Domain Name>/mapi.

When you use the InternalUrl or ExternalUrl parameters, you need to specify one or more authentication values by using the IISAuthenticationMethods parameter.

Type:Uri
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-IISAuthenticationMethods

The IISAuthenticationMethods parameter specifies the authentication methods that are enabled on the virtual directory in Internet Information Services (IIS). Valid values are:

  • Basic

  • Negotiate

  • NTLM

  • OAuth

You can specify multiple values separated by commas.

The default values are NTLM, OAuth, and Negotiate. We recommend that you always have the virtual directory configured for OAuth.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Identity

The Identity parameter specifies the MAPI virtual directory that you want to modify. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the virtual directory. For example:

  • Name or <Server>\Name

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • GUID

The Name value uses the syntax "<VirtualDirectoryName> (<WebsiteName>)" from the properties of the virtual directory. You can specify the wildcard character (*) instead of the default website by using the syntax <VirtualDirectoryName>*.

Type:VirtualDirectoryIdParameter
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-InternalUrl

The InternalURL parameter specifies the URL that's used to connect to the virtual directory from inside the firewall.

This setting enforces the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol and uses the default SSL port. Valid input for this parameter uses the syntax https://<Domain Name>/mapi.

When you use the InternalUrl or ExternalUrl parameters, you need to specify one or more authentication values by using the IISAuthenticationMethods parameter.

Type:Uri
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-WhatIf

The WhatIf switch simulates the actions of the command. You can use this switch to view the changes that would occur without actually applying those changes. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019

Inputs

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkId=616387). If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn't accept input data.

Outputs

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkId=616387). If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn't return data.