Install-​Package​Provider

Installs one or more Package Management package providers.

Syntax

Install-PackageProvider
       [-Name] <String[]>
       [-AllVersions]
       [-Confirm]
       [-Credential <PSCredential>]
       [-Force]
       [-ForceBootstrap]
       [-MaximumVersion <String>]
       [-MinimumVersion <String>]
       [-Proxy <Uri>]
       [-ProxyCredential <PSCredential>]
       [-RequiredVersion <String>]
       [-Scope <String>]
       [-Source <String[]>]
       [-WhatIf]
       [<CommonParameters>]
Install-PackageProvider
       [-InputObject] <SoftwareIdentity[]>
       [-AllVersions]
       [-Confirm]
       [-Force]
       [-ForceBootstrap]
       [-Proxy <Uri>]
       [-ProxyCredential <PSCredential>]
       [-Scope <String>]
       [-WhatIf]
       [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Install-PackageProvider cmdlet installs matching Package Management providers that are available in package sources registered with PowerShellGet. By default, this includes modules available in the Windows PowerShell Gallery with the PackageManagement. The ** PowerShellGet** Package Management provider is used for finding providers in these repositories.

This cmdlet also installs matching Package Management providers that are available using the Package Management bootstrapping application.

This cmdlet also installs matching Package Management providers that are available in the Package Management Azure Blob store. Use the bootstrapper provider to find and install them.

In order to execute the first time, PackageManagement requires an internet connection to download the Nuget package provider. However, if your computer does not have an internet connection and you need to use the Nuget or PowerShellGet provider, you can download them on another computer and copy them to your target computer. Use the following steps to do this:

1. Run Install-PackageProvider -Name NuGet -RequiredVersion 2.8.5.201 -Force to install the provider from a computer with an internet connection.

2. After the install, you can find the provider installed in $env:ProgramFiles\PackageManagement\ReferenceAssemblies\\\<ProviderName\>\\\<ProviderVersion\> or $env:LOCALAPPDATA\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies\\\<ProviderName\>\\\<ProviderVersion\>.

3. Place the <ProviderName> folder, which in this case is the Nuget folder, in the corresponding location on your target computer. If your target computer is a Nano server, you need to run Install-PackageProvider from Nano Server to download the correct Nuget binaries.

4. Restart PowerShell to auto-load the package provider. Alternatively, run Get-PackageProvider -ListAvailable to list all the package providers available on the computer. Then use Import-PackageProvider -Name -RequiredVersion 2.8.5.201 to import the provider to the current Windows PowerShell session.

Examples

Example 1: Install a package provider from the PowerShell Gallery

PS C:\> Install-PackageProvider -Name "Gistprovider" -Verbose

This command installs the Gistprovider from the PowerShell Gallery.

Example 2: Install a specified version of a package provider

PS C:\> Find-PackageProvider -Name "Nuget" -AllVersions
PS C:\> Install-PackageProvider -Name "Nuget" -RequiredVersion "2.8.5.216" -Force

This example installs a specified version of the Nuget package provider.

The first command finds all versions of the package provider named Nuget. The second command installs a specified version of the Nuget package provider.

Example 3: Find a provider and install it

PS C:\> Find-PackageProvider -Name "Gistprovider" | Install-PackageProvider -Verbose

This command uses Find-PackageProvider and the pipeline to search for the Gist provider and install it.

Example 4: Install a provider to the current user's module folder

PS C:\> Install-PackageProvider -Name Gistprovider -Verbose -Scope CurrentUser

This command installs a package provider to $env:LOCALAPPDATA\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies so that only the current user can use it.

Required Parameters

-InputObject

Specifies a SoftwareIdentity object. Use the Find-PackageProvider cmdlet to obtain a SoftwareIdentity object to pipe into Install-PackageProvider.

Type:SoftwareIdentity[]
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Name

Specifies one or more package provider module names. Separate multiple package names with commas. Wildcard characters are not supported.

Type:String[]
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-AllVersions

Indicates that this cmdlet installs all available versions of the package provider. By default, Install-PackageProvider only returns the highest available version.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies a user account that has permission to install package providers.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Force

Indicates that this cmdlet forces all actions with this cmdlet that can be forced. Currently, this means the Force parameter acts the same as the ForceBootstrap parameter.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ForceBootstrap

Indicates that this cmdlet automatically installs the package provider.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MaximumVersion

Specifies the maximum allowed version of the package provider that you want to install. If you do not add this parameter, Install-PackageProvider installs the highest available version of the provider.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MinimumVersion

Specifies the minimum allowed version of the package provider that you want to install. If you do not add this parameter, Install-PackageProvider installs the highest available version of the package that also satisfies any requirement specified by the MaximumVersion parameter.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Proxy

Specifies a proxy server for the request, rather than connecting directly to the Internet resource.

Type:Uri
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ProxyCredential

Specifies a user account that has permission to use the proxy server that is specified by the Proxy parameter.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-RequiredVersion

Specifies the exact allowed version of the package provider that you want to install. If you do not add this parameter, Install-PackageProvider installs the highest available version of the provider that also satisfies any maximum version specified by the MaximumVersion parameter.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Scope

Specifies the installation scope of the provider. The acceptable values for this parameter are:AllUsers and CurrentUser.

The AllUsers scope installs providers in a location that is accessible to all users of the computer. By default, this is $env:ProgramFiles\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies.

The CurrentUser scope installs providers in a location where they are only accessible to the current user. By default, this is $env:LOCALAPPDATA\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies.

Type:String
Parameter Sets:CurrentUser, AllUsers
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Source

Specifies one or more package sources. Use the Get-PackageSource cmdlet to get a list of available package sources.

Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

Microsoft.PackageManagement.Packaging.SoftwareIdentity

You can pipe a SoftwareIdentity object to this cmdlet. Use Find-PackageProvider to get a SoftwareIdentity object that can be piped into Install-PackageProvider.