New-SCV2V

Converts a virtual machine to a virtual machine deployed on a Hyper-V host that VMM manages.

Syntax

New-SCV2V
   [-EnableVMNetworkOptimization <Boolean>]
   [-EnableMACAddressSpoofing <Boolean>]
   [-VMMServer <ServerConnection>]
   [-LibraryServer <LibraryServer>]
   -VMXComputerConfiguration <VmxMachineConfiguration>
   -VMHost <Host>
   [-JobGroup <Guid>]
   [-Trigger]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-Name <String>]
   [-Owner <String>]
   [-UserRole <UserRole>]
   [-Path <String>]
   [-StartVM]
   [-CPUCount <Byte>]
   [-CPURelativeWeight <Int32>]
   [-CPUType <ProcessorType>]
   [-MemoryMB <Int32>]
   [-DelayStartSeconds <Int32>]
   [-StartAction <VMStartAction>]
   [-StopAction <VMStopAction>]
   [-LogicalNetwork <LogicalNetwork>]
   [-VMNetwork <VMNetwork>]
   [-NoConnection]
   [-MACAddress <String>]
   [-MACAddressType <String>]
   [-SourceNetworkConnectionID <String>]
   [-VirtualNetwork <VirtualNetwork>]
   [-VirtualNetworkAdapter <VirtualNetworkAdapter>]
   [-VLanEnabled <Boolean>]
   [-VLanID <UInt16>]
   [-OverridePatchPath <String>]
   [-SkipInstallVirtualizationGuestServices]
   [-NetworkLocation <String>]
   [-NetworkTag <String>]
   [-RunAsynchronously]
   [-PROTipID <Guid>]
   [-JobVariable <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]
New-SCV2V
   [-EnableVMNetworkOptimization <Boolean>]
   [-EnableMACAddressSpoofing <Boolean>]
   [-VMMServer <ServerConnection>]
   [-LibraryServer <LibraryServer>]
   -VMHost <Host>
   -VMXPath <String>
   [-JobGroup <Guid>]
   [-Trigger]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-Name <String>]
   [-Owner <String>]
   [-UserRole <UserRole>]
   [-Path <String>]
   [-StartVM]
   [-CPUCount <Byte>]
   [-CPURelativeWeight <Int32>]
   [-CPUType <ProcessorType>]
   [-MemoryMB <Int32>]
   [-DelayStartSeconds <Int32>]
   [-StartAction <VMStartAction>]
   [-StopAction <VMStopAction>]
   [-LogicalNetwork <LogicalNetwork>]
   [-VMNetwork <VMNetwork>]
   [-NoConnection]
   [-MACAddress <String>]
   [-MACAddressType <String>]
   [-SourceNetworkConnectionID <String>]
   [-VirtualNetwork <VirtualNetwork>]
   [-VirtualNetworkAdapter <VirtualNetworkAdapter>]
   [-VLanEnabled <Boolean>]
   [-VLanID <UInt16>]
   [-OverridePatchPath <String>]
   [-SkipInstallVirtualizationGuestServices]
   [-NetworkLocation <String>]
   [-NetworkTag <String>]
   [-RunAsynchronously]
   [-PROTipID <Guid>]
   [-JobVariable <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]
New-SCV2V
   [-EnableVMNetworkOptimization <Boolean>]
   [-EnableMACAddressSpoofing <Boolean>]
   [-VMMServer <ServerConnection>]
   -VM <VM>
   -VMHost <Host>
   [-JobGroup <Guid>]
   [-Trigger]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-Name <String>]
   [-Owner <String>]
   [-UserRole <UserRole>]
   [-Path <String>]
   [-StartVM]
   [-CPUCount <Byte>]
   [-CPURelativeWeight <Int32>]
   [-CPUType <ProcessorType>]
   [-MemoryMB <Int32>]
   [-DelayStartSeconds <Int32>]
   [-StartAction <VMStartAction>]
   [-StopAction <VMStopAction>]
   [-LogicalNetwork <LogicalNetwork>]
   [-VMNetwork <VMNetwork>]
   [-NoConnection]
   [-MACAddress <String>]
   [-MACAddressType <String>]
   [-SourceNetworkConnectionID <String>]
   [-VirtualNetwork <VirtualNetwork>]
   [-VirtualNetworkAdapter <VirtualNetworkAdapter>]
   [-VLanEnabled <Boolean>]
   [-VLanID <UInt16>]
   [-OverridePatchPath <String>]
   [-SkipInstallVirtualizationGuestServices]
   [-NetworkLocation <String>]
   [-NetworkTag <String>]
   [-RunAsynchronously]
   [-PROTipID <Guid>]
   [-JobVariable <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The New-SCV2V cmdlet converts a virtual machine created on a VMware ESX Server host. This cmdlet converts to a virtual machine to one deployed on a Hyper-V host that Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) manages. You cannot specify a VMware ESX host as the destination host for the new virtual machine.

A virtual-to-virtual machine (V2V) conversion requires that the host for the new virtual machine is a Hyper-V host.

The source for a V2V conversion of a VMware virtual machine is a set of files in the VMM library. Store the following files in the VMM library:

  • A .vmx file. A .vmk file is a VMware virtual machine configuration file. A .vmx file is similar in function to the virtual machine configuration (.vmc) file that Hyper-V hosted virtual machines use. A .vmx file is a text file that describes the properties and structure of a virtual machine that include name, memory, disk assignments, and network parameters.
  • One or more .vmdk files. A .vmdk file is a VMware virtual hard disk file. A .vmdk file is similar to the virtual hard disk (.vhd) file that Hyper-V hosted virtual machines use. A .vmdk file contains the guest operating system, applications, and data. The current cmdlet identifies these files from the .vmx file.

Supported VMware virtual hard disk formats include the following:

  • monolithicSparse
  • monolithicFlat
  • vmfs
  • twoGbMaxExtentSparse
  • twoGbMaxExtentFlat

During the conversion process, this cmdlet converts the .vmdk files to .vhd files. This cmdlet makes the operating system on the new virtual machine compatible with Hyper-V. The virtual machine that this cmdlet creates matches VMware virtual machine properties unless these settings are explicitly overridden. These properties include name, description, memory, and disk-to-bus assignment. By default, the conversion process does not preserve network adapter settings. You can explicitly set adapter settings on the target virtual machine.

This cmdlet supports the conversion of VMware virtual machines that are running any of the following guest operating systems:

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 4 (SP4) or later versions
  • Windows Server 2003 SP1 or later versions
  • Windows Server 2003 R2 or later versions
  • Windows Server 2008 or later versions
  • Windows XP SP1 or later versions
  • Windows Vista

Some conversions of a VMware-based virtual machine whose guest operating system is Windows might require that you add system files and drivers to the internal cache. You can use the Add-SCPatch cmdlet to add the required files to the cache. To determine what updates you must add, run New-SCV2V to attempt to convert the .vmdk file to a .vhd file. If you need updates, this process puts the V2V conversion into a failed state. You can review a list of required updates. Next, use Add-SCPatch to add the updates to the internal cache, and then restart the failed V2V job. The V2V process continues, so that you do not have to redo the disk conversion.

If you convert a VMware-based virtual machine that runs any other operating system, the virtual machine might not start or might not function correctly. To guarantee a successful conversion, you must first modify the guest operating system to one of the supported operating systems.

For more information about how VMM converts .vmdk files directly, type Get-Help Copy-SCVirtualHardDisk. For more information about how to add required files to the internal cache, type Get-Help Add-SCPatch.

Examples

Example 1: Convert a VMware-based virtual machine on an ESX host

PS C:\> $ESXHost = Get-SCVMHost -ComputerName "ESXHost01"
PS C:\> $VMHost = Get-SCVMHost -ComputerName "HyperVHost01.Contoso.com"
PS C:\> $VM = Get-SCVirtualMachine -VMHost $ESXHost -Name "SourceVM"
PS C:\> New-SCV2V -VM $VM -VMHost $VMHost -Name "DestinationVM" -Path "C:\VMs" -MemoryMB 512 -RunAsynchronously

The first command gets the host named ESXHost01, and then stores that object in the $ESXHost variable.

The second command gets the host named HyperVHost01 in the Contoso.com domain, and then stores that object in the $VMHost variable.

The third command gets the virtual machine named SourceVM on ESXHost01, and then stores that object in the $VM variable.

In the last command, New-SCV2V performs the following operations:

  • Creates a Windows-based virtual machine named DestinationVM from the source VMware virtual machine named SourceVM. The command deploys the new virtual machine, now named DestinationVM, onto HyperVHost01. It stores the virtual machine files in the folder C:\VMs on HyperVHost01.
  • Assigns 512 MB of memory on HyperVHost01 for use by the new virtual machine.
  • Specifies the -RunAsynchronously parameter to return control to the command shell immediately, before the command finishes.

The command converts all of the virtual disks on the source virtual machine and attaches them to the new virtual machine.

Example 2: Convert a VMware-based virtual machine stored in the VMM library

PS C:\> $LibServ = Get-SCLibraryServer -ComputerName "LibServer02.Contoso.com"
PS C:\> $VMHost = Get-SCVMHost -ComputerName "VirtualServerHost02.Contoso.com"
PS C:\> New-SCV2V -LibraryServer $LibServ -VMXPath "\\LibServer02\MSSCVMMLibrary\VMware\VMSource.vmx" -VMHost $VMHost -Name "VM02" -Path "C:\VMs" -MemoryMB 512 -RunAsynchronously

The first command gets the library server named LibServer02, and then stores that object in the $LibServ variable.

The second command gets the host named VirtualServerHost02, and then stores that object in the $VMHost variable.

In the last command, New-SCV2V performs the following operations:

  • Creates a Windows-based virtual machine named VM02 from the source VMware file, VMSource.vmx, stored at the specified path on FileServer02. The command then deploys the new virtual machine named VM02 onto VirtualServerHost02. The command stores the virtual machine files in the folder C:\VMs on VirtualServerHost02.
  • Assigns 512 MB of memory on VirtualServerHost02 for use by the new virtual machine.
  • Specifies the RunAsynchronously parameter to return control to the command shell immediately, before the command finishes.

Required Parameters

-VM

Specifies a virtual machine object that this cmdlet converts.

Type:VM
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VMHost

Specifies a virtual machine host object. VMM supports Hyper-V hosts, VMware ESX hosts, and Citrix XenServer hosts. For more information about each type of host, see the Add-SCVMHost cmdlet.

Type:Host
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VMXComputerConfiguration

Specifies a VMX computer configuration.

Type:VmxMachineConfiguration
Aliases:MachineConfig, VMXMachineConfig
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VMXPath

Specifies the full UNC path of the .vmx file of a VMware virtual machine.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-CPUCount

Specifies the number of CPUs on a virtual machine, on a hardware profile, or on a template.

Types of hosts support the following number of CPUs:

  • Hyper-V. Up to four CPUs per virtual machine, depending on guest operating system
  • VMware ESX. Up to four CPUs per virtual machine, but only one CPU on a virtual machine that runs Windows NT 4.0
  • Citrix XenServer. Up to eight CPUs per virtual machine, depending on guest operating system
Type:Byte
Aliases:ProcessorCount
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CPURelativeWeight

Specifies the amount of CPU resources on a host that this virtual machine can use relative to other virtual machines on the same host. A virtual machine with a higher weight value is allocated more CPU resources than a virtual machine with a lower weight value. The VMware term for these values is shares.

Types of hosts support the following relative values:

  • Hyper-V. 1 to 10000.
  • VMware ESX. High. 2000.
  • VMware ESX. Above Normal. 1500.
  • VMware ESX. Normal (default). 1000.
  • VMware ESX. Below Normal. 750.
  • VMware ESX. Low. 500.
  • VMware ESX. Custom 1 to 1000000.
  • Citrix XenServer. 1 to 65536, normal is 256.
Type:Int32
Aliases:RelativeWeight
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CPUType

Specifies the type of CPU for a virtual machine. To retrieve a list of all CPU types that are available for use in virtual machines in a VMM environment, type Get-SCCPUType.

Type:ProcessorType
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DelayStartSeconds

Specifies the number of seconds to wait after the virtualization service starts before automatically starting a virtual machine. You can use this delay to stagger the startup time of multiple virtual machines. This technique helps reduce the demand on physical computer resources. A typical setting might be 30 to 60 seconds.

Types of hosts have the following maximum configurable delays:

  • Hyper-V. 1000000000 seconds or 277777 hours.
  • VMware ESX. 65535 seconds or 18 hours.
  • Citrix XenServer. Not applicable.
Type:Int32
Aliases:DelayStart
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Description

Specifies a description for the converted virtual machine.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EnableMACAddressSpoofing

Indicates whether to enable Media Access Control (MAC) address spoofing.

Type:Boolean
Aliases:MACAddressesSpoofingEnabled
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EnableVMNetworkOptimization

Indicates whether to enable virtual machine network optimization. Optimization improves network performance for virtual machines with network adapters that support virtual machine queue (VMQ) or TCP Chimney Offload. VMQ enables you to create a unique network queue for each virtual network adapter. TCP Chimney Offload enables network traffic processing to be offloaded from the networking stack.

Type:Boolean
Aliases:VMNetworkOptimizationEnabled
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-JobGroup

Specifies an identifier for a series of commands that runs as a set just before the final command that includes the same job group identifier runs.

Type:Guid
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-JobVariable

Specifies a variable in which job progress is tracked and stored.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-LibraryServer

Specifies a VMM library server. This cmdlet converts a virtual machine stored in the server that this parameter specifies.

Type:LibraryServer
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-LogicalNetwork

Specifies a logical network for the converted virtual machine. A logical network is a named grouping of IP subnets and VLANs that is used to organize and simplify network assignments.

Type:LogicalNetwork
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MACAddress

Specifies the MAC address, or a set of MAC addresses, for a physical or virtual network adapter on a computer. Valid values are: one or more MAC addresses. Enter more than one MAC address as a comma separated list of strings.

Type:String
Aliases:EthernetAddress, PhysicalAddress
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MACAddressType

Specifies the type of MAC address to use for a virtual network adapter. Valid values are: Static and Dynamic.

Type:String
Aliases:EthernetAddressType, PhysicalAddressType
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MemoryMB

Specifies the amount of random access memory (RAM), in megabytes (MB), on the host that this cmdlet allocates to the converted virtual machine. The default value is 512 MB. For a virtual machine on which dynamic memory is enabled on a host that runs Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 or later versions, specify the startup memory value.

Types of hosts have the following maximum memory assignable to virtual machines:

  • Hyper-V. Up to 65536 MB RAM per virtual machine.
  • VMware ESX Server 3.0.x. Up to 16384 MB RAM per virtual machine.
  • VMware ESX Server 3.5.x. Up to 65532 MB RAM per virtual machine.
  • Citrix XenServer. Up to 32265 MB RAM per virtual machine.
Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Name

Specifies the name of the converted virtual machine.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-NetworkLocation

Specifies the network location for a physical network adapter or for a virtual network adapter, or a new default network location of a host physical network adapter.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-NetworkTag

Specifies a word or phrase to associate with a virtual network adapter that is configured to connect to a specific internal or external network on the host.

The network tag identifies all virtual machines with the same network tag as members of the same network. VMM uses a network tag, if one exists, when it evaluates hosts as possible candidates on which to deploy a virtual machine. If the host does not include virtual machines on the network that has the same network tag as the virtual machine to be placed, the host receives zero stars in the placement process.

Type:String
Aliases:Tag
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-NoConnection

Indicates that this cmdlet disconnects a virtual network adapter from a virtual network for the converted virtual machine.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-OverridePatchPath

Do not specify this parameter. For internal use only.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Owner

Specifies the owner of a VMM object in the form of a valid domain user account.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PROTipID

Specifies the ID of the Performance and Resource Optimization tip (PRO tip) that triggered this action. This parameter lets you audit PRO tips.

Type:Guid
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Path

Specifies the destination path for the virtual machine conversion. This parameter accepts the wildcard (*) when you specify a UNC path.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-RunAsynchronously

Indicates that the job runs asynchronously so that control returns to the command shell immediately.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SkipInstallVirtualizationGuestServices

Indicates that this cmdlet skips the installation of virtualization guest services on a virtual machine.

By default, VMM installs the appropriate virtualization guest service automatically. For a virtual machine on a Hyper-V host, the virtualization guest service is called Integration Components (VMGuest.iso). For a virtual machine on a XenServer host, the virtualization guest service is called Citrix Tools for Virtual Machines (xs-tools.iso). Virtual machines on a VMware ESX host do not use a virtualization guest service.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SourceNetworkConnectionID

Specifies the MAC address or network name of the physical network adapter that this cmdlet converts into a virtual network adapter in the virtual machine.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-StartAction

Specifies the behavior of a virtual machine when the virtualization service starts. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • AlwaysAutoTurnOnVM
  • NeverAutoTurnOnVM
  • TurnOnVMIfRunningWhenVSStopped
Type:VMStartAction
Parameter Sets:NeverAutoTurnOnVM, AlwaysAutoTurnOnVM, TurnOnVMIfRunningWhenVSStopped
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-StartVM

Indicates that the virtual machine starts when it arrives at the destination host.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-StopAction

Specifies the behavior of the virtual machine when the virtualization service stops. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • SaveVM
  • TurnOffVM
  • ShutdownGuestOS
Type:VMStopAction
Parameter Sets:SaveVM, TurnOffVM, ShutdownGuestOS
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Trigger

Indicates that this cmdlets runs the commands in a job group for a physical-to-virtual (P2V) conversion, a virtual-to-virtual (V2V) conversion, or the conversion of a physical hard disk to a virtual hard disk.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-UserRole

Specifies a user role for the converted virtual machine.

Type:UserRole
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VLanEnabled

Indicates whether to enable a virtual LAN (VLAN) for use by virtual machines on a Hyper-V or Citrix XenServer host.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VLanID

Specifies a numeric identifier for a virtual network adapter on a virtual machine or for a physical network adapter on a virtual machine host. Valid values are integers from 1 to 4094. Configure a VLan ID for a Hyper-V, VMware ESX, or Citrix XenServer host on an externally bound physical network adapter when the VLan mode is Access. Configure a VLan ID on a virtual network adapter of a virtual machine that is bound to a physical network adapter on the host, or that is bound to an internal virtual network on the host.

Type:UInt16
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VMMServer

Specifies a VMM server that manages the converted virtual machine.

Type:ServerConnection
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VMNetwork

Specifies a virtual machine network object. To obtain a virtual machine network object, use the Get-SCVMNetwork cmdlet.

Type:VMNetwork
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VirtualNetwork

Specifies a virtual network for the converted virtual machine.

Type:VirtualNetwork
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-VirtualNetworkAdapter

Specifies a virtual network adapter object for a virtual machine.

Types of hosts support the following number of virtual network adapters:

  • Hyper-V. Up to four emulated adapters per virtual machine. There is no driver available for an emulated network adapter on a Windows Server 2003 x64 guest operating system.
  • Hyper-V. Up to eight synthetic adapters per virtual machine.
  • VMware ESX. Up to four emulated adapters per virtual machine.
  • Citrix XenServer. Up to seven emulated adapters per virtual machine.
Type:VirtualNetworkAdapter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Outputs

VirtualMachine

This cmdlet returns a VirtualMachine object.

Notes

  • This cmdlet requires a VMM VMX computer configuration object. To obtain a VMX object, use the Get-SCVMXComputerConfiguration cmdlet.