ListBox ControlTemplate Example

Controls in Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) have a ControlTemplate that contains the visual tree of that control. You can change the structure and appearance of a control by modifying the ControlTemplate of that control. There is no way to replace only part of the visual tree of a control; to change the visual tree of a control you must set the Template property of the control to its new and complete ControlTemplate.

This topic shows the ControlTemplate of the WPF ListBox control.

This topic contains the following sections.

  • Prerequisites
  • ListBox ControlTemplate Example
  • Related Topics


To run the examples in this topic, you should understand how to write WPF applications. For more information, see Getting Started with Windows Presentation Foundation. You should also understand how styles are used in WPF. For more information, see Styling and Templating.

ListBox ControlTemplate Example

Although this example contains all of the elements that are defined in the ControlTemplate of a ListBox by default, the specific values should be thought of as examples.

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListBox}" TargetType="ListBox">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility" Value="Auto"/>
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="true"/>
  <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="120"/>
  <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="95"/>
  <Setter Property="Template">
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListBox">
          Background="{StaticResource WindowBackgroundBrush}"
          BorderBrush="{StaticResource SolidBorderBrush}"
            <StackPanel Margin="2" IsItemsHost="True" />
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Border" Property="Background"
                    Value="{StaticResource DisabledBackgroundBrush}" />
            <Setter TargetName="Border" Property="BorderBrush"
                    Value="{StaticResource DisabledBorderBrush}" />
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping" Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="false"/>

The above example uses the following resources.

<SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowBackgroundBrush" Color="#FFF" />


<SolidColorBrush x:Key="SolidBorderBrush" Color="#888" />


<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBackgroundBrush" Color="#EEE" />


<SolidColorBrush x:Key="DisabledBorderBrush" Color="#AAA" />

For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

See Also


Guidelines for Designing Stylable Controls

ListBoxItem ControlTemplate Example

Other Resources

ControlTemplate Examples