Application.DMin Method

Access Developer Reference

You can use DMin function to determine minnimum value in a specified set of records (a domain). .


expression.DMin(Expr, Domain, Criteria)

expression A variable that represents an Application object.


Name Required/Optional Data Type Description
Expr Required String An expression that identifies the field for which you want to find the minimum or maximum value. It can be a string expression identifying a field in a table or query, or it can be an expression that performs calculation on data in that field . In expr, you can include the name of a field in a table, a control on a form, a constant, or a function. If expr includes a function, it can be either built-in or user-defined, but not another domain aggregate or SQL aggregate function.
Domain Required String A string expression identifying the set of records that constitutes the domain. It can be a table name or a query name for a query that does not require a parameter.
Criteria Optional Variant An optional string expression used to restrict the range of data on which the DMin function is performed. For example, criteria is often equivalent to the WHERE clause in an SQL expression, without the word WHERE. If criteria is omitted, the DMin function evaluates expr against the entire domain. Any field that is included in criteria must also be a field in domain, otherwise the DMin function returns a Null.

Return Value


For example, you could use the DMin function in calculated controls on a report to display smallest order amount for a particular customer. Or you could use the DMin function in a query expression to display all orders with a discount greater than the minimum possible discount.

The DMin function returns the minimum values that satisfy criteria. If expr identifies numeric data, the DMin function returns numeric values. If expr identifies string data, they return the string that is first or last alphabetically.

The DMin function ignores Null values in the field referenced by expr. However, if no record satisfies criteria or if domain contains no records, the DMin function returns a Null.

You can use the DMin function to specify criteria in the Criteria row of a query, in a calculated field expression in a query, or in the Update To row of an update query.

Bb224573.vs_note(en-us,office.12).gif Note
You can use the DMin function or the Min function in a calculated field expression of a totals query. If you use the DMin function, values are evaluated before the data is grouped. If you use the Min function, the data is grouped before values in the field expression are evaluated.

If you simply want to find the minimum or maximum value of all records in domain, use the Min or Max function.

Although you can use the DMin or DMax function to find the minimum or maximum value from a field in a foreign table, it may be more efficient to create a query that contains the fields that you need from both tables and base your form or report on that query.


The following example returns the lowest and highest values from the Freight field for orders shipped to the United Kingdom. The domain is an Orders table. The criteria argument restricts the resulting set of records to those for which ShipCountry equals UK.

Visual Basic for Applications
  Dim curX As Currency
Dim curY As Currency

curX = DMin("[Freight]", "Orders", "[ShipCountry] = 'UK'")
curY = DMax("[Freight]", "Orders", "[ShipCountry] = 'UK'")

In the next example, the criteria expression includes a variable, dteOrderDate. Note that number signs (#) are included in the string expression, so that when the strings are concatenated, they will enclose the date.

Visual Basic for Applications
  Dim dteOrderDate As Date
Dim curX As Currency

dteOrderDate = #03/30/2000#
curX = DMin("[Freight]", "Orders", _
    "[OrderDate] = #" & dteOrderDate & "#")