Migrating the Print and Document Services Role
Updated: July 18, 2012
Applies To: Windows Server 2012
Back up the source server
The fourth step in the migration process is to back up your source server data to a printer settings file using either the Printer Migration Wizard or the Printbrm.exe command-line tool in preparation for exporting printer queues, print drivers, and printer settings.
As a best practice, run the Printer Migration Wizard or Printbrm.exe from a computer running Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8 to ensure that you are using the newest version of the migration tools that have the latest updates and features. You can run these tools either locally on the server or remotely from any other computer running Windows Server 2012 or Windows 8.
Remember that if you are running printbrm over the network to remote servers, the Print$ share must exist on both the source and target servers and the Remote Registry Service must be running.
To back up the source server using the Printer Migration Wizard
Open the Print Management snap-in.
Do one of the following:
In the Print Management window, right-click Print Management, and then click Migrate Printers to open the Printer Migration Wizard. Make sure that Export printer queues and printer drivers to a file is selected, and then click Next. In the Select a print server window, select the print server to be migrated, and then click Next.
In the Print Management tree, under Print Servers, right-click the print server that contains the printer queues to migrate, and then click Export printers to a file to open the Printer Migration Wizard.
Review the list of items to be exported, and then click Next.
In the Export printer data to box, enter the path to the printer settings file to use, or browse to the location where you want to store the file. Click Next to export the printer-specific information for the server to this file.
Verify that the printer settings file is stored on a resource that will be available to the destination server. Optimally, store it on a network share. Click Finish.
The backup file that you create by using either the Printer Migration Wizard or the Printbrm.exe tool inherits the permissions allowed by your user credentials. Only you can access the file if you saved the file directly to a share during the backup file creation process. You must either change the file permissions on the Security tab of the file’s Properties dialog box, or you must perform any restorations or migrations by using that file yourself. If you create the backup file on the computer from which you are running the migration and later copy the file to a share, then file access permissions are inherited from the destination folder.
To back up the source server using the Printbrm.exe command-line tool
Open an administrator Command Prompt window.
Perform a remote print backup. To do this, type the following command in the %WINDIR%\System32\Spool\Tools folder at the command prompt, in which Source Computer1 is the Universal Naming Convention (UNC) name of the source computer, and Printer1 Settings is the name of the printer settings file to back up.
Printbrm -s \\<Source Computer1> -b -f <Printer1 Settings>.printerExport
The Printer Migration Wizard and the Printbrm.exe command-line tool only support a printer settings file that is created by the migration tool you are using. For example, .cab file backups that were created by using the Printer Migration Wizard are not supported. To view the complete syntax for the Printbrm.exe command, type Printbrm.exe /? in a Command Prompt session.
Only TCP/IP, WSD, and LPR ports will be migrated. The Printer Migration Wizard will not migrate printers attached through USB, LPT, or other local ports. For more information about these scenarios and migrating Plug and Play printers, see Appendix B - Additional Destination Server Scenarios.
For cross-architecture migrations, verify that each print queue has a driver installed on the source server that is compatible with the operating system on the destination server before creating the printer settings file on the source server. For example, if you are migrating an x86-based source print server to an x64-based destination print server, verify that each print queue has an x64-based driver installed before you create the printer settings file. Any print queue that does not have a cross-architecture driver installed will not be migrated to the destination server.
The fifth step in the migration process is to restore the printers to the destination server, using the printer settings file you created.
Before beginning the migration process, verify that you installed the Print and Document Services role on the destination server as part of your preparation.
To restore printers to the destination server using the Printer Migration Wizard
On the source server, stop the Print Spooler service for all printers so you can preserve all print jobs prior to the migration.
Open Computer Management. Click Start, click Control Panel, double-click Administrative Tools, and then click Computer Management.
In the console tree, expand Services and Applications.
In the console tree, under Services and Applications, click Services.
In the details pane, do one of the following to stop the service:
Right-click Print Spooler and select Stop.
Double-click Print Spooler. On the General tab, under Service Status, click Stop.
From the computer that is running the Printer Migration Wizard, on the Administrative Tools menu, click Print Management.
Do one of the following:
Right-click Print Management, and then click Migrate Printers to open the Printer Migration Wizard. Select Import printer queues and printer drivers from a file, and then click Next.
In the Print Management tree, under Print Servers, right-click the destination print server, and then click Import printers from a file to open the Printer Migration Wizard.
Specify the printer settings file created in the Back up the source server section, and then click Next.
Review the list of items to be imported, and then click Next.
In the Import Mode list, indicate whether you want to keep or overwrite existing printers.
If the printer settings file contains a printer already on the destination server, the printer is not restored, and the existing printer on the destination server is not changed.
In the List in the directory list, indicate which printers to list on the destination server.
Optionally, indicate whether you want to convert LPR ports to standard port monitors when you migrate.
Click Next to import the printers.
It is recommended that you review the Application events that have a PrintBRM source to determine whether any additional actions are needed. The restored printers are shared in the same manner in which they were shared previously.
To view details of the migration, click Open Event Viewer. For more information, see “Verify the Migration” in Verifying the Migration. If you identify Error 30 in the Event Viewer, see “Troubleshooting” and “Migrating cross-platform driver language monitors” in Post-Migration Tasks for instructions on resolving the error.
To restore printers to the destination server using the Printbrm.exe command-line tool
Open an administrator Command Prompt window.
Type the following command in the %WINDIR%\System32\Spool\Tools folder at the command prompt, in which Source Computer1 is the UNC name of the source computer, and Printer1 Settings is the name of the printer settings file to restore.
Printbrm -s \\<Source Computer1> -r -f <Printer1 Settings>.printerExport
Migrate Print and Document Services to Windows Server 2012
Preparing to Migrate
Verifying the Migration
Appendix A - Printbrm.exe Command-Line Tool Details
Appendix B - Additional Destination Server Scenarios
Appendix C - Printbrm Event IDs