Republishing Data

In a republishing model, the Publisher sends data to a Subscriber, which then republishes the data to any number of other Subscribers. This is useful when a Publisher must send data to Subscribers over a slow or expensive communications link. If there are a number of Subscribers on the far side of that link, using a republisher shifts the bulk of the distribution load to that side of the link.

Republishing data involves the following steps:

  1. Create a publication at the Publisher.
  2. Create a subscription to the publication for the republishing Subscriber.
  3. Initialize the subscription. The subscription must be initialized before the publication is created at the republishing Subscriber, or replication will fail.
  4. Create a publication in the subscription database at the republishing Subscriber.
  5. Create subscriptions to the publication at the republishing Subscriber for the other Subscribers.
  6. Initialize the subscriptions.


If you use merge replication in a republishing topology, all republishing Subscribers must use server subscriptions. For more information about subscription types, see Subscribing to Publications.

In the following illustration, both the Publisher and the republisher are acting as their own local Distributors. If each were set up to use a remote Distributor, each Distributor would need to be on the same side of the slow or expensive communications link as its Publisher. Publishers must be connected to remote Distributors by reliable, high-speed communications links.

Republishing data

Any server can act as both a Publisher and Subscriber. For example, consider the following illustration in which a publication of a table exists in London and must be distributed to four different cities in the United States: Chicago, New York, San Diego, and Seattle. The server in New York is chosen to subscribe to the published table that originates in London because the New York site meets the following conditions:

  • The network link back to London is relatively reliable.
  • The London-to-New York communication costs are acceptable.
  • There are good network communications lines from New York to all other Subscriber sites in the United States.
    Republishing data to dispersed locations

Replication supports the following republishing scenarios:

Publisher Publishing Subscriber Subscriber

Transactional publication

Transactional subscription/transactional publication

Transactional subscription

Transactional publication

Transactional subscription/merge publication1

Merge subscription

Merge publication

Merge subscription/merge publication

Merge subscription

Merge publication

Merge subscription/transactional publication

Transactional subscription

1You should set the **@published\_in\_tran\_pub** property on the merge publication. By default, transactional replication expects tables at the Subscriber to be treated as read-only. If merge replication makes data changes to a table in a transactional subscription, non-convergence of data can occur. To avoid this risk, we recommend that any such table be specified as download-only in the merge publication. This prevents a merge Subscriber from uploading data changes to the table. For more information, see Optimizing Merge Replication Performance with Download-Only Articles.

See Also


Configuring Distribution
Publishing Data and Database Objects
Subscribing to Publications
Initializing a Subscription
Synchronizing Data

Help and Information

Getting SQL Server 2005 Assistance

Change History

Release History

12 December 2006

New content:
  • Added information to clarify support for mixed republshing topologies.