Date and Time (Transact-SQL)

Are data types that are used for representing the date and the time of day.

  • datetime and smalldatetime
    Represent the date and the time of day.

    Data type Range Accuracy

    datetime

    January 1, 1753, through December 31, 9999

    3.33 milliseconds

    smalldatetime

    January 1, 1900, through June 6, 2079

    1 minute

Remarks

Values with the datetime data type are stored internally by the SQL Server 2005 Database Engine as two 4-byte integers. The first 4 bytes store the number of days before or after the base date: January 1, 1900. The base date is the system reference date. The other 4 bytes store the time of day represented as the number of 1/300-second units after midnight.

The smalldatetime data type stores dates and times of day with less precision than datetime. The Database Engine stores smalldatetime values as two 2-byte integers. The first 2 bytes store the number of days after January 1, 1900. The other 2 bytes store the number of minutes since midnight.

datetime values are rounded to increments of .000, .003, or .007 seconds, as shown in the following table.

Example Rounded example

01/01/98 23:59:59.999

1998-01-02 00:00:00.000

01/01/98 23:59:59.995,

01/01/98 23:59:59.996,

01/01/98 23:59:59.997, or

01/01/98 23:59:59.998

1998-01-01 23:59:59.997

01/01/98 23:59:59.992,

01/01/98 23:59:59.993, or

01/01/98 23:59:59.994

1998-01-01 23:59:59.993

01/01/98 23:59:59.990 or

01/01/98 23:59:59.991

1998-01-01 23:59:59.990

smalldatetime values that are 29.998 seconds or less are rounded down to the nearest minute; values of 29.999 seconds or more are rounded up to the nearest minute.

--Returns time as 12:35.
SELECT CAST('2003-05-08 12:35:29.998' AS smalldatetime);
GO
--Returns time as 12:36.
SELECT CAST('2003-05-08 12:35:29.999' AS smalldatetime);
GO

See Also

Reference

Date and Time Functions (Transact-SQL)
Data Types (Transact-SQL)
ALTER TABLE (Transact-SQL)
CAST and CONVERT (Transact-SQL)
CREATE TABLE (Transact-SQL)
DECLARE @local_variable (Transact-SQL)
DELETE (Transact-SQL)
INSERT (Transact-SQL)
SET @local_variable (Transact-SQL)
UPDATE (Transact-SQL)

Other Resources

Data Type Conversion (Database Engine)
ISO 8601 Format
Alphabetic Date Format
Numeric Date Format
ODBC Datetime Format
Time Formats
Unseparated String Format

Help and Information

Getting SQL Server 2005 Assistance