Visual Basic for Applications Reference

IsMissing Function

See Also Example Specifics

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether an optional Variantargument has been passed to a procedure.



The required argname argument contains the name of an optional Variant procedure argument.


Use the IsMissing function to detect whether or not optional Variant arguments have been provided in calling a procedure. IsMissing returns True if no value has been passed for the specified argument; otherwise, it returns False. If IsMissing returns True for an argument, use of the missing argument in other code may cause a user-defined error. If IsMissing is used on a ParamArray argument, it always returns False. To detect an empty ParamArray, test to see if the arrays upper bound is less than its lower bound.

*Note* IsMissing does not work on simple data types (such as Integer or Double) because, unlike Variants, they don't have a provision for a "missing" flag bit. Because of this, the syntax for typed optional arguments allows you to specify a default value. If the argument is omitted when the procedure is called, then the argument will have this default value, as in the example below:

Sub MySub(Optional MyVar As String = "specialvalue")
    If MyVar = "specialvalue" Then
       ' MyVar was omitted.
End Sub

In many cases you can omit the If MyVar test entirely by making the default value equal to the value you want MyVar to contain if the user omits it from the function call. This makes your code more concise and efficient.