How to: Create an Array with No Elements

An array with no elements is also called a zero-length array. A variable holding a zero-length array does not have the value Nothing.

You might need to create a zero-length array under the following circumstances:

  • Your code needs to access members of the Array class, such as Length or Rank, or call a Visual Basic function such as UBound Function (Visual Basic), without risking a NullReferenceException exception.

  • You want to keep the consuming code simpler by not having to check for Nothing as a special case.

  • Your code interacts with an application programming interface (API) that requires you to pass a zero-length array to one or more procedures, or that returns a zero-length array from one or more procedures.

To create an array with no elements

  • Declare one of the array's dimensions to be -1. The following example declares a variable to hold an array with elements of the String Data Type (Visual Basic), but initially sets it to be empty.

    Dim twoDimensionalStrings(-1, 3) As String

    Following the execution of this statement, the array in variable twoDimensionalStrings is two-dimensional with length 0. It is empty, but it nonetheless exists. Therefore, a variable pointing to the array is not equal to Nothing. Subsequently, you can create a nonempty array and assign it to twoDimensionalStrings.

    In contrast, the following example declares an array variable that does not initially point to any array.

    Dim twoDimStrings( , ) As String

    Unlike twoDimensionalStrings in the earlier example, the variable twoDimStrings has the value Nothing.

See Also


How to: Declare an Array Variable

How to: Create an Array

How to: Create an Array with More Than One Dimension

How to: Create an Array of Arrays

How to: Create an Array with Mixed Element Types

How to: Initialize an Array Variable

Troubleshooting Arrays


Overview of Arrays in Visual Basic

Other Resources

Arrays in Visual Basic