& Operator (Visual Basic)

Generates a string concatenation of two expressions.

result = expression1 & expression2

Parts

  • result
    Required. Any String or Object variable.

  • expression1
    Required. Any expression with a data type that widens to String.

  • expression2
    Required. Any expression with a data type that widens to String.

Remarks

If the data type of expression1 or expression2 is not String but widens to String, it is converted to String. If either of the data types does not widen to String, the compiler generates an error.

The data type of result is String. If one or both expressions evaluate to Nothing or have a value of DBNull.Value, they are treated as a string with a value of "".

Note

The & operator can be overloaded, which means that a class or structure can redefine its behavior when an operand has the type of that class or structure. If your code uses this operator on such a class or structure, be sure you understand its redefined behavior. For more information, see Operator Procedures (Visual Basic).

Note

The ampersand (&) character can also be used to identify variables as type Long. For more information, see Type Characters (Visual Basic).

Example

This example uses the & operator to force string concatenation. The result is a string value representing the concatenation of the two string operands.

Dim sampleStr As String
sampleStr = "Hello" & " World" 
' The preceding statement sets sampleStr to "Hello World".

See Also

Reference

&= Operator (Visual Basic)

Concatenation Operators (Visual Basic)

Operator Precedence in Visual Basic

Operators Listed by Functionality (Visual Basic)

Concepts

Concatenation Operators in Visual Basic