DateTime Constructor (Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar)

[ This article is for Windows Phone 8 developers. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation. ]

Initializes a new instance of the DateTime structure to the specified year, month, day, hour, minute, and second for the specified calendar.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax

Public Sub New ( _
    year As Integer, _
    month As Integer, _
    day As Integer, _
    hour As Integer, _
    minute As Integer, _
    second As Integer, _
    calendar As Calendar _
)
public DateTime(
    int year,
    int month,
    int day,
    int hour,
    int minute,
    int second,
    Calendar calendar
)

Parameters

  • year
    Type: System..::.Int32
    The year (1 through the number of years in calendar).
  • month
    Type: System..::.Int32
    The month (1 through the number of months in calendar).

Exceptions

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

calendar is nullNothingnullptra null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

year is not in the range supported by calendar.

-or-

month is less than 1 or greater than the number of months in calendar.

-or-

day is less than 1 or greater than the number of days in month.

-or-

hour is less than 0 or greater than 23

-or-

minute is less than 0 or greater than 59.

-or-

second is less than 0 or greater than 59.

Remarks

The Kind property is initialized to Unspecified.

The allowable values for year, month, and day depend on calendar. An exception is thrown if the specified date and time cannot be expressed by using calendar.

The System.Globalization namespace provides several calendars, including GregorianCalendar, HebrewCalendar, HijriCalendar, and JapaneseCalendar.

Examples

The following example calls the DateTime(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Calendar) constructor to instantiate a DateTime value by using a HijriCalendar object. The DateTime in the Hijri calendar is then displayed in two different ways. Because the current culture may not support the Hijri calendar, the date in the Hijri calendar is displayed by making individual calls to its HijriCalendar..::.GetMonth, HijriCalendar..::.GetDayOfMonth, and HijriCalendar..::.GetYear methods. The example then changes the current culture to Arabic (Syria) and changes the current culture's default calendar to the Hijri calendar. Because Hijri is now the current culture's default calendar, the ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method, which is called implicitly by the String..::.Format method, uses it to format the date. When the previous current culture (which is English (United States) in this case) is restored, the ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method uses the current culture's default Gregorian calendar to format the date.

Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      ' Define Hijri calendar.
      Dim hijri As New HijriCalendar()
      ' Define a date using the Hijri calendar.
      Dim date1 As New Date(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, hijri)

      outputBlock.Text += "Using the Hijri Calendar with the Default Culture:" + vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= date1.ToString() & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}:{4:D2}:{5:D2}", _
                                       hijri.GetMonth(date1), _
                                       hijri.GetDayOfMonth(date1), _
                                       hijri.GetYear(date1), _
                                       hijri.GetHour(date1), _
                                       hijri.GetMinute(date1), _
                                       hijri.GetSecond(date1)) + vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf 

      ' Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      Dim dftCulture As CultureInfo = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture

      ' Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = New CultureInfo("ar-SY")
      Dim current As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri
      Dim dFormat As String = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern
      ' Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy")
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", current, _
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date1) & vbCrLf

      ' Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}", _
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, _
                      GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar), _
                        date1) & vbCrLf
   End Sub

   Private Function GetCalendarName(ByVal cal As Calendar) As String
      Return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\.(\w+)Calendar").Groups(1).Value
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Using the Hijri Calendar with the Default Culture:
'       8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM
'       9/9/1431 16:32:18
'       
'       ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 04:32 م
'       en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 4:32 PM
using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      // Define Hijri calendar.
      HijriCalendar hijri = new HijriCalendar();
      // Define a date using the Hijri calendar.
      DateTime date1 = new DateTime(1431, 9, 9, 16, 32, 18, hijri);

      outputBlock.Text += "Using the Hijri Calendar with the Default Culture:\n";
      outputBlock.Text += date1.ToString() + "\n";
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}/{1}/{2} {3}:{4:D2}:{5:D2}\n\n",
                                       hijri.GetMonth(date1),
                                       hijri.GetDayOfMonth(date1),
                                       hijri.GetYear(date1),
                                       hijri.GetHour(date1),
                                       hijri.GetMinute(date1),
                                       hijri.GetSecond(date1));

      // Get current culture so it can later be restored.
      CultureInfo dftCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;

      // Make ar-SY the current culture and Hijri the current calendar.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("ar-SY");
      CultureInfo current = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      current.DateTimeFormat.Calendar = hijri;
      string dFormat = current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern;
      // Ensure year is displayed as four digits.
      dFormat = Regex.Replace(dFormat, "/yy$", "/yyyy");
      current.DateTimeFormat.ShortDatePattern = dFormat;
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}\n", current,
                        GetCalendarName(hijri), date1);

      // Restore previous culture.
      Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = dftCulture;
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0} culture using the {1} calendar: {2:g}\n",
                        CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                        GetCalendarName(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar),
                        date1);
   }

   private static string GetCalendarName(Calendar cal)
   {
      return Regex.Match(cal.ToString(), "\\.(\\w+)Calendar").Groups[1].Value;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//        Using the Hijri Calendar with the Default Culture:
//        8/18/2010 4:32:00 PM
//        9/9/1431 16:32:18
//        
//        ar-SY culture using the Hijri calendar: 09/09/1431 04:32 م
//        en-US culture using the Gregorian calendar: 8/18/2010 4:32 PM

Version Information

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Platforms

Windows Phone

See Also

Reference

DateTime Structure

DateTime Overload

System Namespace

Int32

Calendar