Array.LastIndexOf<(Of <(T>)>) Method (array<T>[]()[], T, Int32)

[ This article is for Windows Phone 8 developers. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation. ]

Searches for the specified object and returns the index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the Array that extends from the first element to the specified index.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax

Public Shared Function LastIndexOf(Of T) ( _
    array As T(), _
    value As T, _
    startIndex As Integer _
) As Integer
public static int LastIndexOf<T>(
    T[] array,
    T value,
    int startIndex
)

Type Parameters

  • T
    The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

  • array
    Type: array<T>[]()[]
    The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.
  • value
    Type: T
    The object to locate in array.
  • startIndex
    Type: System..::.Int32
    The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

Return Value

Type: System..::.Int32
The zero-based index of the last occurrence of value within the range of elements in array that extends from the first element to startIndex, if found; otherwise, –1.

Exceptions

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

array is nullNothingnullptra null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for array.

Remarks

The Array is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at the first element.

The elements are compared to the specified value using the Object..::.Equals method. If the element type is a nonintrinsic (user-defined) type, the Equals implementation of that type is used.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements from the beginning of array to startIndex.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates all three generic overloads of the LastIndexOf method. An array of strings is created, with one entry that appears twice, at index location 0 and index location 5. The LastIndexOf<(Of <(T>)>)(array<T>[]()[], T) method overload searches the entire array from the end, and finds the second occurrence of the string. The LastIndexOf<(Of <(T>)>)(array<T>[]()[], T, Int32) method overload is used to search the array backward beginning with index location 3 and continuing to the beginning of the array, and finds the first occurrence of the string. Finally, the LastIndexOf<(Of <(T>)>)(array<T>[]()[], T, Int32, Int32) method overload is used to search a range of four entries, beginning at index location 4 and extending backward (that is, it searches the items at locations 4, 3, 2, and 1); this search returns –1 because there are no instances of the search string in that range.


Public Class Example

   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)

      Dim dinosaurs() As String = {"Tyrannosaurus", _
          "Amargasaurus", _
          "Mamenchisaurus", _
          "Brachiosaurus", _
          "Deinonychus", _
          "Tyrannosaurus", _
          "Compsognathus"}

      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
         outputBlock.Text &= dinosaur & vbCrLf
      Next

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & _
          "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")) & vbCrLf

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & _
          "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)) & vbCrLf

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(vbLf & _
          "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 4, 4): {0}", _
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4)) & vbCrLf

   End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      string[] dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus",
            "Amargasaurus",
            "Mamenchisaurus",
            "Brachiosaurus",
            "Deinonychus",
            "Tyrannosaurus",
            "Compsognathus" };

      outputBlock.Text += "\n";
      foreach (string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
      {
         outputBlock.Text += dinosaur + "\n";
      }

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}",
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}",
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)) + "\n";

      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(
          "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}",
          Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4)) + "\n";
   }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
 */

Version Information

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Platforms

Windows Phone

See Also

Reference

Array Class

LastIndexOf Overload

System Namespace

LastIndexOf