[This article is for Windows 8.x and Windows Phone 8.x developers writing Windows Runtime apps. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation]
Looking for the C#/VB/C++ version of this topic? See Accessibility for Windows Runtime apps using C#/VB/C++ and XAML.
This documentation focuses on the markup and code that developers need to implement to support the following key accessibility scenarios.
- Screen readers—Users who are blind or visually impaired rely on screen readers to interpret and interact with your app's UI. Interpreting involves reading the UI element names, roles, values, and so on, and interacting with the UI involves moving the focus from one element to another and invoking app functionality.
- Keyboard accessibility—Many accessibility users rely on the keyboard to navigate and operate the UI by:
- Moving focus among elements by using the Tab key.
- Navigating in container elements such as lists, grids, and tree views by using the arrow keys.
- Activating functionality (invoking actions) by using the Enter or Space key.
- Using shortcut keys to efficiently access other app functionality.
- Accessible visual experience—Users who are visually impaired need a sufficient text contrast ratio for text content, and a good visual experience with high contrast themes overall. Users who are color blind need information to be conveyed in ways other than through color.
While submitting your app to the Windows Store, you can declare your app as accessible. Declaring your app as accessible makes it easier to discover for users who are interested in accessible apps, such as users who have visual impairments. Each of the topics in this section is intended to help you address the guidelines for accessibility so that you can choose to declare your app as accessible.
Note Declaring the app as accessible is only relevant to the Windows Store.
In this section
- Meeting basic accessibility requirements
- Practices to avoid
- Testing your app for accessibility
- Declaring your app as accessible in the Windows Store
- Guidelines and checklist for accessibility
- Mapping HTML and ARIA properties to UI Automation
- ARIA sample — This sample app demonstrates how to use Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) tags to make a Windows Store app fully accessible.
- WAI-ARIA Reference — This page of the official World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative - Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) specification provides links to reference information for all of the ARIA roles, states, and, properties.
- WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices — This page describes keyboard interaction and identifies the relevant WAI-ARIA roles, states, and properties for a set of widgets and structures.
- HTML5 Specification — This is the official W3C HTML5 specification that includes WAI-ARIA, which is now part of the HTML5 standard.
- OpenAjax Accessibility Examples — This site is an excellent resource for verifying the rules for WAI-ARIA and HTML5. It also contains a number of examples of WAI-ARIA implementations.